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Articles by C. M Huang
Total Records ( 3 ) for C. M Huang
  C. M Huang , J. W Li and C. T. Chen

Internet protocol multimedia subsystem (IMS) is an overlaid infrastructure above the packet-switched domain of the universal mobile telecommunication system core network. IMS enables and enhances real-time multimedia mobile services. IMS signaling and media are separated in IMS. For media session negotiation, two basic procedures in IMS are (i) IMS registration procedure and (ii) IMS incoming call setup procedure. IMS signaling needs to traverse a set of call session control functions (CSCFs), which are proxy-CSCF, interrogating-CSCF (I-CSCF) and serving-CSCF (S-CSCF). However, we observe that I-CSCFs need to query the home subscriber server (HSS) to obtain the name of S-CSCF for each subscriber's request in both the basic procedures. It results in a certain load occuring in the HSS and a certain procedure delay also occurs. Therefore, we employ the distributed hash table (DHT) into IMS to form a DHT-based I-CSCF network. Each I-CSCF in the DHT-based I-CSCF network can share and relieve HSS's load. As a result, the incoming call setup procedure can be speeded up. We also propose two maintaining procedures to maintain the DHT-based I-CSCF network for I-CSCFs join and leave scenarios. We propose one maintaining mechanism to guarantee the proposed system to be able to work well in the failure scenario of I-CSCF. According to the performance evaluation results, the load of HSS is reduced and shared among I-CSCFs in the home network and the signaling delay cost of the incoming call setup procedure is less than that of existent systems even if failure occurs and then is removed.

  C. M Huang , M. S Lin and L. H. Chang

As more and more devices are equipped with multiple network interfaces, the multihomed technology is becoming an important technology that can provide more reliable connection against the network failure and higher data transmission rate. Concurrent Multipath Transfer (CMT), which is based on SCTP, is devised for multihomed networks. CMT can transmit data over all paths to maximize the data transmission speed. One of the main concerns of CMT is the receiver buffer blocking issue, especially in multihomed wireless mobile networks. Receiver buffer blocking is mainly caused by lost data. In this paper, we propose mobile CMT (mCMT) over wireless networks to deal with the receiver buffer blocking caused by error loss and handoff loss. mCMT has the features of (i) path-oriented multistreaming, (ii) MIH-assisted handoff mechanism, in which MIH denotes Media Independent Handover and (iii) association resume. Path-oriented multistreaming can reduce the receiver buffer blocking caused by error loss. MIH-assisted a handoff can reduce the amount of packet loss during a handoff, which may lead to receiver buffer blocking. Moreover, mCMT introduces the concept of association resume to recover the disconnected association. Simulation results show that mCMT can reduce the effect of the receiver buffer blocking effectively for devices that have smaller buffer size.

  H. L Huang , F. L Chen , C. C Hsu , Y. Y Yen , T Chen , C. M Huang , H. Y Shi , C. Y Hu and C. H. Lee

The aim was to comprehensively examine school-based tobacco policy status, implementation and students’ perceived smoking at school in regard to gender-specific differences in smoking behavior. We conducted a multilevel-based study to assess two-level effects for smoking among 2350 grades three to six students in 26 randomly selected elementary schools in southern Taiwan. A series of multilevel models were analyzed separately for male and female students. The school-level variables appear to be related to smoking behavior in male students. Among males, the risk of ever-smoking was significantly associated with those schools without antitobacco health education activities or curricula [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 6.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.55–15.24], with a high perceived smoking rate (aOR = 3.08, 95% CI: 1.41–6.72) and located in a mountainous region (aOR = 2.53, 95% CI: 1.15–5.58). The risk of ever-smoking among females was significantly associated with those schools without antitobacco activities or curricula (aOR = 3.10, 95% CI: 1.27–7.55). As compared with female counterparts, the specific school that the male students attended had a positive significant effect on the risk of being ever-smokers. The findings suggest that effective tobacco policy implementation should be considered in elementary schools that are currently putting children at the greatest risk for cigarette smoking, especially in regard to male students.

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