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Articles by C. L Hyde
Total Records ( 2 ) for C. L Hyde
  J. F Thompson , C. L Hyde , L. S Wood , S. A Paciga , D. A Hinds , D. R Cox , G. K Hovingh and J. J.P. Kastelein

Background— Statins are effective at lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reducing risk of cardiovascular disease, but variability in response is not well understood. To address this, 5745 individuals from the Treating to New Targets (TNT) trial were genotyped in a combination of a whole-genome and candidate gene approach to identify associations with response to atorvastatin treatment.

Methods and Results— A total of 291 988 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 1984 individuals were analyzed for association with statin response, followed by genotyping top hits in 3761 additional individuals. None was significant at the whole-genome level in either the initial or follow-up test sets for association with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or triglyceride response. In addition to the whole-genome platform, 23 candidate genes previously associated with statin response were analyzed in these 5745 individuals. Three SNPs in apoE were most highly associated with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol response, followed by 1 in PCSK9 with a similar effect size. At the candidate gene level, SNPs in HMGCR were also significant though the effect was less than with those in apoE and PCSK9. rs7412/apoE had the most significant association (P=6x10–30), and its high significance in the whole-genome study (P=4x10–9) confirmed the suitability of this population for detecting effects. Age and gender were found to influence low-density lipoprotein cholesterol response to a similar extent as the most pronounced genetic effects.

Conclusions— Among SNPs tested with an allele frequency of at least 5%, only SNPs in apoE are found to influence statin response significantly. Less frequent variants in PCSK9 and smaller effect sizes in SNPs in HMGCR were also revealed.

  C. L Hyde , A MacInnes , F. A Sanders , J. F Thompson , R. A Mazzarella , O Faergeman , D. F van Wijk , L Wood , M Lira and S. A. Paciga

Background— There is mounting evidence to suggest that chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) plays an important role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. A naturally occurring variant of the CCR5 gene CCR532, exists at allele frequencies of typically 10% in European populations and results in a nonfunctional CCR5 receptor.

Methods and Results— The CCR532 deletion and 26 other variants within the chemokine receptor 2-CCR5-chemokine receptor-like protein 2 (CCRL2) gene cluster spanning 59 kilobases of chromosome 3 were genotyped in 5748 subjects from the Treating to New Targets atorvastatin trial to determine whether genetic associations could be identified with circulating lipid values and cardiovascular disease. Our results demonstrate an association between the CCR532 deletion and increased plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreased plasma triglycerides, both of which are beneficial from a cardiovascular perspective. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1154428, rs6808835, and rs6791599) in CCRL2 in linkage disequilibrium (r2≥0.65) with CCR532 and located up to 45 kilobases distal to it were associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides findings were replicated in an additional set of >6000 individuals from the Incremental Decrease in Endpoints through Aggressive Lipid Lowering atorvastatin trial.

Conclusions— Our study provides evidence that a locus within the region of the genome encompassing the CCR5-CCRL2 region is associated with lipid levels and suggests that chemokine activity influences lipid levels in populations with preexisting cardiovascular disease.

Clinical Trial Registration— Identifier: TNT, NCT00327691; IDEAL, NCT00159835.

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