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Articles by C. H Contag
Total Records ( 2 ) for C. H Contag
  M. W Helms , D Kemming , C. H Contag , H Pospisil , K Bartkowiak , A Wang , S. Y Chang , H Buerger and B. H. Brandt

Clinical and animal studies have shown that coexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinases HER2 and epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) indicates a highly metastatic phenotype of breast cancer. In a cellular model of this phenotype using differential gene expression analysis, we identified TOB1 to be up-regulated depending on EGF stimulation and transduction through phosphorylation of HER2 tyrosine 1248. mRNA expression analysis of breast cancers from a cohort of node-negative patients showed significantly shortened distant metastasis-free survival for patients with high TOB1 expression. In subsequent tissue microarray studies of 725 clinical samples, high HER2 and EGF protein levels were significantly correlated with TOB1 expression in breast cancer, whereas EGFR and EGF levels correlated with TOB1 phosphorylation. We did not observe a correlation between TOB1 expression and cyclin D1, which was previously suggested to mediate the antiproliferative effect of unphosphorylated TOB1. A positive correlation of TOB1 phosphorylation status with proliferation marker Ki67 suggests that elevated TOB1 phosphorylation might abrogate the antiproliferative effect of TOB1 in breast cancer. This suggests a new regulatory role for TOB1 in cancer progression with particular significance in HER2- and/or EGFR-positive breast cancers. [Cancer Res 2009;69(12):5049–56]

  R. J Swijnenburg , J. A Govaert , K. E.A van der Bogt , J. I Pearl , M Huang , W Stein , G Hoyt , H Vogel , C. H Contag , R. C Robbins and J. C. Wu

Background— Despite ongoing clinical trials, the optimal time for delivery of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMCs) after myocardial infarction is unclear. We compared the viability and effects of transplanted BMCs on cardiac function in the acute and subacute inflammatory phases of myocardial infarction.

Methods and Results— The time course of acute inflammatory cell infiltration was quantified by FACS analysis of enzymatically digested hearts of FVB mice (n=12) after left anterior descending artery ligation. Mac-1+Gr-1high neutrophil infiltration peaked at day 4. BMCs were harvested from transgenic FVB mice expressing firefly luciferase (Fluc) and green fluorescent protein (GFP). Afterward, 2.5x106 BMCs were injected into the left ventricle of wild-type FVB mice either immediately (acute BMC) or 7 days (subacute BMC) after myocardial infarction, or after a sham procedure (n=8 per group). In vivo bioluminescence imaging showed an early signal increase in both BMC groups at day 7, followed by a nonsignificant trend (P=0.203) toward improved BMC survival in the subacute BMC group that persisted until the bioluminescence imaging signal reached background levels after 42 days. Compared with controls (myocardial infarction+saline injection), echocardiography showed a significant preservation of fractional shortening at 4 weeks (acute BMC versus saline; P<0.01) and 6 weeks (both BMC groups versus saline; P<0.05) but no significant differences between the 2 BMC groups. FACS analysis of BMC-injected hearts at day 7 revealed that GFP+ BMCs expressed hematopoietic (CD45, Mac-1, Gr-1), minimal progenitor (Sca-1, c-kit), and no endothelial (CD133, Flk-1) or cardiac (Trop-T) cell markers.

Conclusion— Timing of BMC delivery has minimal effects on intramyocardial retention and preservation of cardiac function. In general, there is poor long-term engraftment and BMCs tend to adopt inflammatory cell phenotypes.

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