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Articles by C Zhou
Total Records ( 3 ) for C Zhou
  H Li , Q Liu , X Hu , D Feng , S Xiang , Z He , J Zhou , X Ding , C Zhou and J. Zhang
 

Mouse zinc finger CCHC domain containing 12 gene (ZCCHC12) has been identified as a transcriptional co-activator of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, and human ZCCHC12 was reported to be related to non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation (NS-XLMR). However, the details of how human ZCCHC12 involve in the NS-XLMR still remain unclear. In this study, we identified a novel nuclear localization signal (NLS) in the middle of human ZCCHC12 protein which is responsible for the nuclear localization. Multiple-tissue northern blot analysis indicated that ZCCHC12 is highly expressed in human brain. Furthermore, in situ hybridization showed that ZCCHC12 is specifically expressed in neuroepithelium of forebrain, midbrain, and diencephalon regions of mouse E10.5 embryos. Luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that ZCCHC12 enhanced the transcriptional activities of activator protein 1 (AP-1) and cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) as a co-activator. In conclusion, we identified a new NLS in ZCCHC12 and figured out that ZCCHC12 functions as a transcriptional co-activator of AP-1 and CREB.

  C Zhou , S Ren , S Zhou , L Zhang , C Su , Z Zhang , Q Deng and J. Zhang
  Objective

The purpose of the study was to investigate whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms of deoxyribonucleic acid repair gene excision repair cross-complementing group 1 at codon 118 and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 at codon 241 affected clinical outcomes in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients receiving first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.

Methods

A total of 130 patients treated with platinum-based doublets were examined for genotyping of excision repair cross-complementing group 1 118 and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 241 in peripheral blood lymphocytes with the method of the TaqMan assay plus the real-time polymerase chain reaction method. Multivariate logistic or Cox's regression analyses were used to adjust for possible confounding variables.

Results

There were no differences in clinical characteristics among the different single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Overall response rate in the 130 patients was 20% with 85.4% of disease control rate. Followed up to 31 March 2008, there were 47 patients still alive. Overall survival was 15 months. No relationship was found between excision repair cross-complementing group 1 or X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and tumor response to platinum-based chemotherapy. A significant correlation was found between excision repair cross-complementing group 1 118C/T single-nucleotide polymorphisms and survival (P = 0.003). In the multivariate model, the survival was highly related with excision repair cross-complementing group 1 118 C/T or T/T genotypes and tumor response to chemotherapy.

Conclusions

Overall survival was significantly improved in the patients with excision repair cross-complementing group 1 118 T/T or C/T treated by platinum-based chemotherapy.

  C Zhou , K Wawrowsky , S Bannykh , S Gutman and S. Melmed
 

Rb/E2F is dysregulated in murine and human pituitary tumors. Pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG1), a securin protein, is required for pituitary tumorigenesis, and PTTG1 deletion attenuates pituitary tumor development in Rb+/– mice. E2F1 and PTTG1 were concordantly overexpressed in 29 of 46 Rb+/– murine pituitary tissues and also in 45 of 80 human pituitary tumors (P < 0.05). E2F1 specifically bound the hPTTG1 promoter as assessed by chromatin immunoprecipitation and biotin-streptavidin pull-down assay, indicating that hPTTG1 may act as a direct E2F1 target. Transfection of E2F1 and its partner DP1 dose-dependently activated hPTTG1 transcription up to 3-fold in p53-devoid H1299 cells but not in p53-replete HCT116 cells. E2F1 overexpression enhanced endogenous hPTTG1 mRNA and protein levels up to 3-fold in H1299 cells. The presence of endogenous p53/p21 constrained the induction, whereas knocking down either p53 or p21 in HCT116 cells restored E2F1-induced hPTTG1 transactivation and expression. Moreover, suppressing Rb by small interfering RNA concordantly elevated E2F1 and hPTTG1 protein levels. In contrast, transfection of E2F1 small interfering RNA lowered hPTTG1 levels 24 h later in HCT116 than in H1299 cells, indicating that p53 delays E2F1 action on hPTTG1. These results elucidate a mechanism for abundant tumor hPTTG1 expression, whereby Rb inactivation releases E2F1 to induce hPTTG1. This signaling pathway may underlie the requirement of PTTG1 for pituitary tumorigenesis.

 
 
 
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