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Articles by C Wanner
Total Records ( 5 ) for C Wanner
  G Guder , S Frantz , J Bauersachs , B Allolio , C Wanner , M. T Koller , G Ertl , C. E Angermann and S. Stork
 

Background— Observational studies indicate that classical cardiovascular risk factors as body mass index, total cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure are associated with improved rather than impaired survival in heart failure ("reverse epidemiology"). We estimated the prognostic role of these risk factors in unselected patients with heart failure.

Methods and Results— Consecutive subjects with heart failure of any cause and severity were enrolled (n=867), and survivors were followed for a median period of 594 days (25th to 75th percentile, 435 to 840). Mean age was 70±13 years, 41% were female, New York Heart Association class distribution I through IV was 15%/29%/41%/15%, and 49% had preserved left ventricular ejection function. At follow-up, 34% of the patients had died. Low levels of any risk factor (ie, body mass index, total cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure in the low tertile) indicated the highest mortality risk. After adjustment for age, sex, New York Heart Association class, and ejection fraction, ≥2 risk factors in the high tertile indicated a relative reduction in mortality risk of 51% (hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.35 to 0.68; P=0.001) compared with subjects with 3 risk factors in the low tertile. Further adjustment for cause of heart failure, relevant comorbidities, medication, and biomarkers attenuated this association only modestly (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.45 to 0.89; P=0.009).

Conclusion— In patients with heart failure, mortality risk counterintuitively increased on a cumulative scale with lower levels of body mass index, total cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure, irrespective of the type and severity of heart failure. Future studies need to identify whether risk factor control as presently recommended should be advocated in all patients with heart failure.

  S. B Schwedler , T Hansen Hagge , M Reichert , D Schmiedeke , R Schneider , J Galle , L. A Potempa , C Wanner and J. G. Filep
 

Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a risk marker for cardiovascular disease and has been implicated in atherogenesis. In atherosclerotic plaques, it colocalizes with oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and promotes oxLDL uptake by macrophages, suggesting an important cross-talk between CRP and lipid processing. A growing body of evidence indicates the existence of distinct configurations of human CRP, native pentameric (nCRP) and structurally modified monomeric (mCRP), that elicit opposing bioactivities in vitro and in vivo. Here, we tested the impact of mCRP and nCRP on the uptake of acetylated LDL (acLDL), which is internalized by receptors similar to those of oxLDL in human endothelial cells.

Methods: We cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) for 8 h with mCRP or nCRP (10–100 mg/L) and measured the uptake of acLDL (10–100 mg/L) over a 20-h period by FACS analysis. To assess the receptors involved, we used function-blocking antibodies against Fc receptor CD16 (FcRIII) and CD32 (FcRII), and RT-PCR analysis of CD16, CD32, and the receptor for oxidized LDL (LOX-1). Uptake of acLDL and CRP isoforms was visualized by immunofluorescence.

Results: Culture of HUVECs with mCRP, but not nCRP, decreased uptake of acLDL, which was not prevented by anti-CD16 or anti-CD32 antibodies. LOX-1, CD16, and CD32 were undetectable by RT-PCR. Immunofluorescence showed decreased cytoplasmic acLDL staining in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with mCRP, but not with nCRP.

Conclusions: Monomeric CRP, but not nCRP, decreased acLDL uptake in human endothelial cells independent of CD16, CD32, or LOX-1. Our data support a protective role of mCRP in cardiovascular disease.

  V Krane , M Berger , J Lilienthal , K Winkler , C Schambeck , C Wanner and for the German Diabetes and Dialysis Study Investigators
 

Background and objectives: Hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes exhibit an excessive cardiovascular risk and regularly receive heparin. We tested whether antibodies to the platelet factor 4–heparin complex (PF4-H-AB) contribute to outcome.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: In 1255 hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes, the German Diabetes Dialysis Study evaluated the effect of atorvastatin (20 mg/d) versus placebo. In a post hoc analysis, the association among PF4-H-ABs, biochemistry, and prespecified, centrally adjudicated end points (combined cardiovascular end point [CVE], all-cause mortality, sudden death, myocardial infarction, stroke) was investigated.

Results: During 4 years, 460 patients reached the CVE; 605 died, 159 of sudden death. Myocardial infarction and stroke occurred in 199 and 97 patients, respectively. Positive PF4-H-AB status was found in 231 (18.7%) of 1236 tested patients and was associated with lower albumin, higher C-reactive protein, and arrhythmia. In a multivariate model adjusted for demographics, comorbidities, and biochemistry, PF4-H-ABs were associated with sudden death. No significant association between PF4-H-ABs and all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, or the CVE was observed. Detecting an interaction between acetylsalicylic acid and PF4-H-ABs regarding sudden death and mortality, we found that the association between PF4-H-ABs and outcomes was restricted to patients with acetylsalicylic acid use, most likely because of indication bias.

Conclusions: In hemodialysis patients who have type 2 diabetes and are treated with acetylsalicylic acid, PF4-H-ABs are associated with sudden and all-cause death. Further studies are needed to elucidate this association.

  C Wanner , J. P Oliveira , A Ortiz , M Mauer , D. P Germain , G. E Linthorst , A. L Serra , L Marodi , R Mignani , B Cianciaruso , B Vujkovac , R Lemay , D Beitner Johnson , S Waldek and D. G. Warnock
 

Background and objectives: These analyses were designed to characterize renal disease progression in untreated adults with Fabry disease.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Data from the Fabry Registry for 462 untreated adults (121 men and 341 women) who had at least two estimated GFR (eGFR) values over a span of ≥12 months before starting enzyme replacement therapy were included.

Results: Most men (86 of 121, 71%) had more rapid loss of kidney function than the normal adult population (loss of eGFR > –1 ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year), whereas fewer women (133 of 341, 39%) had rapid loss of kidney function. Patients with rapid progression had significantly higher mean averaged urinary protein to urinary creatinine ratios (UP/Cr) than patients with slower progression (1.5 versus 0.2 for men; 1.4 versus 0.5 for women; P < 0.0001). Patients were grouped into quartiles based on averaged UP/Cr; renal function in men declined more rapidly with higher UP/Cr, with the steepest declines observed in men with UP/Cr > 1.5 (mean eGFR slope, –5.6 ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year; n = 30). eGFR slope declined more slowly in women, with the steepest declines observed in women with UP/Cr > 1.2 (mean eGFR slope, –1.3 ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year; n = 85). Regression models of eGFR slope indicated that UP/Cr is the most important indicator of renal disease progression in adult Fabry patients. In women, lower baseline eGFR and age were also associated with renal disease progression. Women who had clinical events had more rapid loss of kidney function.

Conclusions: Urinary protein excretion is strongly associated with renal disease progression in men and women with Fabry disease.

  B Oqvist , B. M Brenner , J. P Oliveira , A Ortiz , R Schaefer , E Svarstad , C Wanner , K Zhang and D. G. Warnock
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