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Articles by C Park
Total Records ( 4 ) for C Park
  M Chitale , T Hawkins , C Park and D. Kihara
 

Motivation: Importance of accurate automatic protein function prediction is ever increasing in the face of a large number of newly sequenced genomes and proteomics data that are awaiting biological interpretation. Conventional methods have focused on high sequence similarity-based annotation transfer which relies on the concept of homology. However, many cases have been reported that simple transfer of function from top hits of a homology search causes erroneous annotation. New methods are required to handle the sequence similarity in a more robust way to combine together signals from strongly and weakly similar proteins for effectively predicting function for unknown proteins with high reliability.

Results: We present the extended similarity group (ESG) method, which performs iterative sequence database searches and annotates a query sequence with Gene Ontology terms. Each annotation is assigned with probability based on its relative similarity score with the multiple-level neighbors in the protein similarity graph. We will depict how the statistical framework of ESG improves the prediction accuracy by iteratively taking into account the neighborhood of query protein in the sequence similarity space. ESG outperforms conventional PSI-BLAST and the protein function prediction (PFP) algorithm. It is found that the iterative search is effective in capturing multiple-domains in a query protein, enabling accurately predicting several functions which originate from different domains.

  Y. D Yang , P Spratt , H Chen , C Park and D. Kihara
 

Computational protein tertiary structure prediction has made significant progress over the past years. However, most of the existing structure prediction methods are not equipped with functionality to predict accuracy of constructed models. Knowing the accuracy of a structure model is crucial for its practical use since the accuracy determines potential applications of the model. Here we have developed quality assessment methods, which predict real value of the global and local quality of protein structure models. The global quality of a model is defined as the root mean square deviation (RMSD) and the LGA score to its native structure. The local quality is defined as the distance between the corresponding C positions of a model and its native structure when they are superimposed. Three regression methods are employed to combine different types of quality assessment measures of models, including alignment-level scores, residue-position level scores, atomic-detailed structure level scores and composite scores. The regression models were tested on a large benchmark data set of template-based protein structure models of various qualities. In predicting RMSD and the LGA score, a combination of two terms, length-normalized SPAD, a score that assesses alignment stability by considering suboptimal alignments, and Verify3D normalized by the square of the model length shows a significant performance, achieving 97.1 and 83.6% accuracy in identifying models with an RMSD of <2 and 6 Å, respectively. For predicting the local quality of models, we find that a two-step approach, in which the global RMSD predicted in the first step is further combined with the other terms, can dramatically increase the accuracy. Finally, the developed regression equations are applied to assess the quality of structure models of whole E. coli proteome.

  I. Y Hwang , C Park , K Harrison and J. H. Kehrl
 

B lymphocyte–intrinsic Toll-like receptor (TLR) signals amplify humoral immunity and can exacerbate autoimmune diseases. We identify a new mechanism by which TLR signals may contribute to autoimmunity and chronic inflammation. We show that TLR4 signaling enhances B lymphocyte trafficking into lymph nodes (LNs), induces B lymphocyte clustering and interactions within LN follicles, leads to sustained in vivo B cell proliferation, overcomes the restriction that limits the access of nonantigen-activated B cells to germinal center dark zones, and enhances the generation of memory and plasma cells. Intravital microscopy and in vivo tracking studies of B cells transferred to recipient mice revealed that TLR4-activated, but not nonstimulated, B cells accumulated within the dark zones of preexisting germinal centers even when transferred with antigen-specific B cells. The TLR4-activated cells persist much better than nonstimulated cells, expanding both within the memory and plasma cell compartments. TLR-mediated activation of B cells may help to feed and stabilize the spontaneous and ectopic germinal centers that are so commonly found in autoimmune individuals and that accompany chronic inflammation.

 
 
 
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