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Articles by C Lan
Total Records ( 3 ) for C Lan
  C. H Lin , J. Y Liau , Y. S Lu , C. S Huang , W. C Lee , K. T Kuo , Y. C Shen , S. H Kuo , C Lan , J. M Liu , W. H Kuo , K. J Chang and A. L. Cheng
 

Background: In the past two decades, the incidence of breast cancer in young Taiwanese females has been rapidly increasing, approaching the risk level of western countries. As a first step to investigate the possible etiology, we examined the molecular subtypes of female breast cancer in Taiwan.

Methods: This study included 1,028 consecutive patients with breast cancer diagnosed in National Taiwan University Hospital between 2004 and 2006. Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2, cytokeratin 5/6, and epidermal growth factor receptor expression and/or gene amplification were analyzed.

Results: Younger (≤50 years) breast cancer patients had a higher prevalence of luminal A (67% versus 57%; P < 0.001) and a lower prevalence of basal-like subtype (9% versus 17%; P < 0.001) compared with older (>50 years) patients. The higher prevalence of luminal A subtype was mainly attributed to a higher ER (75% versus 63%; P < 0.001) and PR (47% versus 33%; P < 0.001) expression rate in younger patients than older patients. Tumors with histologic grade 3 were less prevalent in younger patients than in older patients (23% versus 30%; P = 0.01). For very young (<35 years) patients, the molecular subtype distribution, ER and/or PR expression rate, and histologic grade were not significantly different from those of less young (35-50 years) patients.

Conclusions: Young breast cancer patients in Taiwan are characterized by a high prevalence of luminal A subtype and low prevalence of histologic grade 3 tumor and/or basal-like subtype. These features are distinct from young breast cancer patients in western countries. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(6):1807–14)

  C Liu , G Tian , Y Tu , J Fu , C Lan and N. Wu
  Objective

Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is normally expressed in the embryo promoting the development of several organs. Aberrant expression of BMP-2 occurs in various tumors. However, a correlation between BMP-2 expression in human gliomas and patients' prognosis has not been reported. To address this question, this study was to investigate the BMP-2 expression pattern in human gliomas and to evaluate its prognostic relevance.

Methods

We analyzed the expression of the BMP-2 antigen in a series of 98 gliomas of various grade and histology by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded sections. Then, the correlation of BMP-2 expression pattern with clinical–pathological features of patients and its prognostic relevance were determined.

Results

Immunohistochemical analysis with anti-BMP-2 antibody revealed dense and spotty staining in the tumor cells and its expression levels became significantly higher as the gliomas' grade advanced (P < 0.001). The median survival of patients with intensively positive BMP-2 expression was significantly shorter than that with negative expression (318 vs. 1197 days, P < 0.0001). The Kaplan–Meier survival curves showed that the BMP-2 expression was not only a significant predictor of survival in high-grade gliomas (grade IV, P = 0.02), but also in lower-grade gliomas (grades II and III, P < 0.001).

Conclusions

These results indicate that BMP-2 is a highly sensitive marker for gliomas prognosis and suggest that the expression level of BMP-2 may be a potent tool for the clinical prognosis of gliomas patients.

 
 
 
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