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Articles by C Kurschat
Total Records ( 3 ) for C Kurschat
  C Sucker , C Kurschat , F Farokhzad , G. R Hetzel , B Grabensee , B Maruhn Debowski , R Loncar , R. E Scharf and R. B. Zotz
 

In this study, we assessed the potential role of the TT genotype of the gene of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase for the manifestation of thrombotic microangiopathies, enrolling 40 affected patients (mean age [± standard deviation] 35 ± 11 years). As a result, the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677TT genotype was more prevalent in patients with thrombotic microangiopathies compared with controls (adjusted odds ratio = 2.58, 95% confidence interval = 1.2-5.7, P = .018), particularly in those suffering from the hemolytic uremic syndrome. A hemolytic more severe clinical course of thrombotic microangiopathies in carriers of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677TT genotype was not observed. In summary, our findings suggest a significant influence of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase genotype on the manifestation of thrombotic microangiopathies. The 677 TT genotype of this polymorphism appears to be a risk factor for manifestation of these rare thrombotic disorders, possibly explained by endothelial activation and increased oxidative stress.

  C Sucker , C Kurschat , G. R Hetzel , B Grabensee , B Maruhn Debowski , R Loncar , L Ostojic , R. E Scharf and R. B. Zotz
 

Factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation and prothrombin G20210A mutation are common hereditary risk factors for venous thrombosis. In the current study, 40 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 35 ± 11 years) and 764 healthy control subjects (mean age ± standard deviation, 37 ± 14 years) were enrolled to assess the potential role of these mutations in the manifestation of thrombotic microangiopathies. Compared with controls, neither the heterozygous FVL mutation (7.5% vs 8.5%; P = 1) nor the heterozygous prothrombin mutation (2.5% vs 2.8%; P = 1) was more prevalent in the patients. The findings do not support a significant role of FVL and prothrombin mutations as risk factors for the manifestation of thrombotic microangiopathies. Thus, screening for these mutations does not allow the identification of individuals at increased risk for these rare thrombotic disorders.

  S Viengchareun , P Kamenicky , M Teixeira , D Butlen , G Meduri , N Blanchard Gutton , C Kurschat , A Lanel , L Martinerie , S Sztal Mazer , M Blot Chabaud , E Ferrary , N Cherradi and M. Lombes
 

Aldosterone effects are mediated by the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), a transcription factor highly expressed in the distal nephron. Given that MR expression level constitutes a key element controlling hormone responsiveness, there is much interest in elucidating the molecular mechanisms governing MR expression. To investigate whether hyper- or hypotonicity could affect MR abundance, we established by targeted oncogenesis a novel immortalized cortical collecting duct (CCD) cell line and examined the impact of osmotic stress on MR expression. KC3AC1 cells form domes, exhibit a high transepithelial resistance, express 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 and functional endogenous MR, which mediates aldosterone-stimulated Na+ reabsorption through the epithelial sodium channel activation. MR expression is tightly regulated by osmotic stress. Hypertonic conditions induce expression of tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein, an osmoregulatory transcription factor capable of binding tonicity-responsive enhancer response elements located in MR regulatory sequences. Surprisingly, hypertonicity leads to a severe reduction in MR transcript and protein levels. This is accompanied by a concomitant tonicity-induced expression of Tis11b, a mRNA-destabilizing protein that, by binding to the AU-rich sequences of the 3'-untranslated region of MR mRNA, may favor hypertonicity-dependent degradation of labile MR transcripts. In sharp contrast, hypotonicity causes a strong increase in MR transcript and protein levels. Collectively, we demonstrate for the first time that optimal adaptation of CCD cells to changes in extracellular fluid composition is accompanied by drastic modification in MR abundance via transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. Osmotic stress-regulated MR expression may represent an important molecular determinant for cell-specific MR action, most notably in renal failure, hypertension, or mineralocorticoid resistance.

 
 
 
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