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Articles by C Confavreux
Total Records ( 2 ) for C Confavreux
  P Labauge , L Horzinski , X Ayrignac , P Blanc , S Vukusic , D Rodriguez , F Mauguiere , L Peter , C Goizet , F Bouhour , C Denier , C Confavreux , M Obadia , F Blanc , J. d Seze , A Fogli and O. Boespflug Tanguy
 

Mutations in one of the five eukaryotic initiation factor 2B genes (EIF2B1-5) were first described in childhood ataxia with cerebral hypomyelination—vanishing white matter syndrome. The syndrome is characterized by (i) cerebellar and pyramidal signs in children aged 2–5 years; (ii) extensive cavitating leucoencephalopathy; and (iii) episodes of rapid deterioration following stress. Since then a broad clinical spectrum from congenital to adult-onset forms has been reported, leading to the concept of eIF2B-related disorders. Our aim was to describe clinical and brain magnetic resonance imaging characteristics, genetic findings and natural history of patients with adult-onset eIF2B-related disorders (after age 16). The inclusion criteria were based on the presence of eIF2B mutations and a disease onset after the age of 16 years. One patient with an asymptomatic diagnosis (age 16 years) was also included. Clinical and magnetic resonance findings were retrospectively recorded in all patients. All patients were examined to assess clinical evolution, using functional, pyramidal, cerebellar and cognitive scales. This multi-centric study included 16 patients from 14 families. A sex ratio imbalance was noted (male/female = 3/13). The mean age of onset was 31.1 years (range 16–62). Initial symptoms were neurologic (n = 11), psychiatric (n = 2) and ovarian failure (n = 2). Onset of the symptoms was linked to a precipitating factor in 13% of cases that included minor head trauma and delivery. During follow-up (mean: 11.2 years, range 2–22 years) 12.5% of the patients died. Of the 14 survivors, 62% showed a decline in their cognitive functions, and 79% were severely handicapped or bedridden. One case remained asymptomatic. Stress worsened clinical symptoms in 38% of the patients. Magnetic resonance imaging findings consist of constant cerebral atrophy, extensive cystic leucoencephalopathy (81%), corpus callosum (69%) and cerebellar (38%) T2-weighted hyperintensities. All families except one showed mutations in the EIF2B5 gene. The recurrent p.Arg113His-eIF2B mutation was found in 79% of the 14 eIF2B-mutated families, mainly at a homozygous state. The family with a mutation in EIF2B2 had the relatively prevalent p.Glu213Gly mutation. eIF2B-related disorder is probably underestimated as an adult-onset inherited leucoencephalopathy. In this late-onset form, presentation ranges from neurologic symptoms to psychiatric manifestations or primary ovarian failure. Cerebral atrophy is constant, whereas the typical vanishing of the white matter can be absent. Functional and/or cognitive prognosis remains severe. Molecular diagnosis is facilitated for these forms by the screening of the two recurrent p.Arg113His-eIF2B and p.Glu213Gly-eIF2Bβ mutations, positive in 86% of cases.

  A Fromont , C Binquet , E. A Sauleau , I Fournel , A Bellisario , J Adnet , A Weill , S Vukusic , C Confavreux , M Debouverie , L Clerc , C Bonithon Kopp and T. Moreau
 

France is located in an area with a medium to high prevalence of multiple sclerosis, where its epidemiology is not well known. We estimated the national and regional prevalence of multiple sclerosis in France on 31 October 2004 and the incidence between 31 October 2003 and 31 October 2004 based on data from the main French health insurance system: the Caisse Nationale d’Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés. The Caisse Nationale d’Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés insures 87% of the French population. We analysed geographic variations in the prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis in France using the Bayesian approach. On the 31 October 2004, 49 417 people were registered with multiple sclerosis out of the 52 359 912 insured with the Caisse Nationale d’Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés. Among these, 4497 were new multiple sclerosis cases declared between 31 October 2003 and 31 October 2004. After standardization for age, total multiple sclerosis prevalence in France was 94.7 per 100 000 (94.3–95.1); 130.5 (129.8–131.2) in females and 54.8 (54.4–55.3) in males. The national incidence of multiple sclerosis between 31 October 2003 and 31 October 2004 was 7.5 per 100 000 (7.3–7.6); 10.4 (10.2–10.6) in females and 4.2 (4.0–4.3) in males. The prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis were higher in North-Eastern France, but there was no obvious North–South gradient. This study is the first performed among a representative population of France (87%) using the same method throughout. The Bayesian approach, which takes into account spatial heterogeneity among geographical units and spatial autocorrelation, did not confirm the existence of a prevalence gradient but only a higher prevalence of multiple sclerosis in North-Eastern France and a lower prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the Paris area and on the Mediterranean coast.

 
 
 
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