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Articles by C Colin
Total Records ( 2 ) for C Colin
  A Tchoghandjian , C Fernandez , C Colin , I El Ayachi , B Voutsinos Porche , F Fina , D Scavarda , M. D Piercecchi Marti , D Intagliata , L Ouafik , C Fraslon Vanhulle and D. Figarella Branger
 

Pilocytic astrocytomas are WHO grade I gliomas that occur predominantly in childhood. They share features of both astroglial and oligodendroglial lineages. These tumours affect preferentially the cerebellum (benign clinical course) and the optic pathway, especially the hypothalamo–chiasmatic region (poor prognosis). Understanding the molecular basis responsible for the aggressive behaviour of hypothalamo–chiasmatic pilocytic astrocytomas is a prerequisite to setting up new molecular targeted therapies. We used the microarray technique to compare the transcriptional profiles of five hypothalamo–chiasmatic and six cerebellar pilocytic astrocytomas. Validation of the microarray results and comparison of the tumours with normal developing tissue was done by quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Results demonstrate that cerebellar and hypothalamo–chiasmatic pilocytic astrocytomas are two genetically distinct and topography-dependent entities. Numerous genes upregulated in hypothalamo–chiasmatic pilocytic astrocytomas also increased in the developing chiasm, suggesting that developmental genes mirror the cell of origin whereas migrative, adhesive and proliferative genes reflect infiltrative properties of these tumours. Of particular interest, NOTCH2, a gene expressed in radial glia and involved in gliomagenesis, was upregulated in hypothalamo–chiasmatic pilocytic astrocytomas. In order to find progenitor cells that could give rise to hypothalamo-chiasmatic pilocytic astrocytomas, we performed a morphological study of the hypothalamo–chiasmatic region and identified, in the floor of the third ventricle, a unique population of vimentin- and glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive cells highly suggestive of radial glia cells. Therefore, pilocytic astrocytomas of the hypothalamo–chiasmatic region should be considered as a distinct entity which probably originates from a unique population of cells with radial glia phenotype.

  S El Hallani , B Boisselier , F Peglion , A Rousseau , C Colin , A Idbaih , Y Marie , K Mokhtari , J. L Thomas , A Eichmann , J. Y Delattre , A. J Maniotis and M. Sanson
 

Glioblastoma is one of the most angiogenic human tumours and endothelial proliferation is a hallmark of the disease. A better understanding of glioblastoma vasculature is needed to optimize anti-angiogenic therapy that has shown a high but transient efficacy. We analysed human glioblastoma tissues and found non-endothelial cell-lined blood vessels that were formed by tumour cells (vasculogenic mimicry of the tubular type). We hypothesized that CD133+ glioblastoma cells presenting stem-cell properties may express pro-vascular molecules allowing them to form blood vessels de novo. We demonstrated in vitro that glioblastoma stem-like cells were capable of vasculogenesis and endothelium-associated genes expression. Moreover, a fraction of these glioblastoma stem-like cells could transdifferentiate into vascular smooth muscle-like cells. We describe here a new mechanism of alternative glioblastoma vascularization and open a new perspective for the antivascular treatment strategy.

 
 
 
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