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Articles by Besharati Maghsoud
Total Records ( 2 ) for Besharati Maghsoud
  Besharati Maghsoud , Taghizadeh Akbar , Janmohammadi Hossein and Moghadam Gholam Ali
  Food by-products in Iran are produced in high levels. In this study, in situ and in vitro gas production techniques were used to describe nutritive value of apple pomace, tomato pomace and noodle waste. For this purpose two ruminal fistulated sheep were used. Nylon bags which were approximately (6x12 cm) containing 5 g samples (2 mm screen) were incubated in duplicate in the rumen of fistulated sheep for 0,2,4,6,8,12,16,24,36 and 48 h. The gas production was recorded after 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 36 and 48 h of incubation and the equation of P = A (1-e-ct) was used to describe the kinetics of gas production. The data was analyzed using completely randomized design. DM and CP disappearance were significantly different among feedstuffs (p<0.05). After 48 h of incubation DM disappearance in noodle waste was highest and in tomato pomace was lowest. Regarding to the results, at the most incubation times tomato pomace had lower CP disappearance among feedstuffs (p<0.05). Potential gas production (A) and rates of gas production (c) differed among feedstuffs. Apple pomace showed higher potential gas production (A) (305.1 mL g-1 DM) and tomato pomace had higher rate of gas production (c) (0.09 h-1) than the other feedstuffs. According to gas production volume, the value for the ME, OMD and SCFA ranged from in 8.87 noodle waste to 9.76 in apple pomace, 56.1 in tomato pomace to 64.3 in apple pomace and 0.919 in noodle waste to 1.168 in apple pomace, respectively. Partitioning factor in noodle waste was highest and in tomato pomace was lowest. In the present study, feeds composition significantly affected the degradation parameters.
  Taghizadeh Akbar , Mahbob Soltan Ali , Zarrini Golamreza , Besharati Maghsoud and Ansari Adel
  Problem statement: Ciliate protozoa are one of the normal microorganisms that found in rumen of both domestic and wild ruminants. Several factors seem to influence the concentration and composition of the protozoal fauna in the rumen. The aim of the present study was to determine the rumen ciliates protozoa diversity in Ghizel sheep of East Azerbaijan province and evaluate effects of alfalfa replacement by multiple level of dried grape by-product (0, 15, 30 and 45% of diet) on ciliate protozoa population. Approach: In the first experiment, samples of rumen fluids were collected from 16 mature sheep. Selected sheep were belonged to 4 pure herds of Ghizel sheep in east Azerbaijan province. In the second experiment, sixteen mature Ghizel wether sheep of live weight 34 kg (±1.5) were used. Data obtained from study was subjected to ANOVA as a completely randomized design with 4 replicates by the GLM procedure and treatment means were compared by the Duncan test. Results: In experiment 1, different geographical locations affect total number of rumen ciliated protozoa (p<0.05), Entodinium spp. and Dasytricha spp. In experiment 2, the concentrations of Entodinium spp., Diplodinium spp., Holotricha spp. and Opharyoscolex species were higher when 15% dried grape by-product (DGB) was included in the diet. With increasing DGB in diets the number of Epidinium spp. and Euodiplodinium spp. reduced in treatments 2 (15% of diet replaced by DGB) and 3 (30% of diet replaced by DGB) (p<0.05). Conclusion: The different geographical locations affected total number of rumen ciliated protozoa, Entodinium spp. and Dasytrisha spp. The concentration of Diplodinium was observed to increase when sheep were fed with dried grape by-product.
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