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Articles by Bahaman Abu Samah
Total Records ( 9 ) for Bahaman Abu Samah
  Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Jegak Uli and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Agriculture has been proved to be a significant impetus for development in Malaysia. Agriculture offers a number of profitable activities, contract farming is one of it and it is still in infancy stage. Besides being a developed sector in Malaysia, it still has a number of problems to be solved. Gender issue is one of it. Gender issue in agriculture has become more crucial these days. To sustain the agriculture sector especially contract farming, an equal level of acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming should be gained between male and female. Approach: This study investigated whether male and female have any difference on acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming. Data was gained through a survey questionnaire on 400 male and female youth who are currently studying in various tertiary institutions throughout Malaysia. For the purpose of analyses, PASW software was used where descriptive and inferential analyses were employed. Results: Male and female youth were found to have a good and positive level on acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming. Based on the independent t-test done, male and female youth possessed equal level of acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming. Conclusion/Recommendations: Results gained bring us to the conclusion that contract farming has a huge potential to attract youth to be part of agriculture community. To transform this potential agricultural method to a reality, more promotion, exposure and information on contract farming should be given to the youth. It was recommended that related agriculture agencies, Department of Women Development and agriculture related universities to take the responsibilities of exposing contract farming activities to the youth in Malaysia.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Jegak Uli and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Contract farming is one of the agriculture branches that is ready to be discovered for its huge potential and it is perceived as a new dimension which offers agricultural sustainability. But do the youth as the pillar of this sector do accept agriculture? Thus, this study would like to discover factors that affect acceptance of youth towards contract farming in Malaysia. Approach: This is a quantitative study using a survey form. Data was gathered from 400 undergraduates studying in various tertiary institutions and were analyzed using the PASW software. The data collection process took two months to be completed. Results: Results depict that the respondents studied have a high and positive acceptance towards contract farming. Based on the analysis performed, factors of attitude, knowledge and belief are significant predictors of acceptance towards contract farming. Conclusion/Recommendations: It is believed that the findings of this study would add new perspective on understanding the complexities associated with agricultural sustainability among youth. Results gained provide a sign for policy makers to utilize education as a tool to increase youths’ positive attitude towards farming. Based on the results it is recommended that more specific courses related to contract farming can be exposed at the tertiary level in order to enhance youth’s awareness and acceptance towards contract farming. Eventually, this would set the direction into getting more youth to be involved in innovative farming activities and in the end it would make agriculture to be attractive and maintain its sustainability.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Norsida Man , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Agriculture for numerous years has been a source of income generator that offered wide opportunities for employment and enhancing the socio-economic status of mankind in many countries. Without doubt acceptance of agricultural sustainable practices will bring much benefit to the farming community especially in the long run to overcome the scarcity of resources and continuous income. Aim of this study was to determine contract farming entrepreneurs’ acceptance of sustainable agricultural practices and the issues involved in their level of acceptance. Approach: This is a qualitative study and the data was collected from a focus group discussion on seven contract farming entrepreneurs in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. The researchers played the role as the instrument during the data collection process and an interview guide assisted researchers to obtain objectives of the study. Data obtained from the respondents was recorded and eventually transformed into verbatim transcripts for the process of data analysis. Results: It was identified that contract farming entrepreneurs have a sound knowledge on sustainable agricultural practices and they belief it is vital for mankind. However, their level of acceptance is still not significant as they perceive that they still need much support from the relevant agriculture agencies. Conclusion/Recommendation: It is suggested that all concerned parties should make the necessary sacrifices and put in more effort in ensuring that contract farming entrepreneurs will eventually embrace sustainable agricultural practices that will bring benefit to the present and future generations.
  Sulaiman M. Yassin , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Md. Salleh Hassan , Mohd. Shahwahid Othman , Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Malaysia has achieved a number of successes in its transportation development. The success of Kuala Lumpur International Airport and Northern and Southern Highway project for example have given the community a lot of benefits in term of social and economic development, but what if an inland waterway system can be developed in Malaysia especially along the Pahang River and Muar River. Can this proposed waterway bring significant impact to local people in term of their social and economic development? This has become the main objective of this study which is to investigate whether the future Pahang Muar Waterway could have significant socio-economic impact on the local community or not. Approach: This is a qualitative study. Observations, structured and unstructured in-depth interview and literature analysis were used to gain the data needed and the research team had traversed along these rivers (Muar to Bahau and ended in Pekan). For the in-depth interviews, a total of seventeen informants among the public and government officers were selected. Data from the in-depth interviews were transcribed verbatim and subsequently analyzed by identifying similarities and consistent themes. A constant comparative method was employed in order to uncover patterns in the data. The data in this study is presented descriptively. Results: From the observation, interviews and literature analysis done, it can be concluded that the Pahang Muar Waterways is believed to develop economic activities, recreational activities, tourism industry, enhance the socio-economic life of local community and provide sustainable mobility. Conclusion/Recommendations: From the results gained, it can be concluded that a majority of the community interviewed believed that Pahang Muar waterways offer a vast opportunity for social and economic development for the local community. It can be noted that specific planning on constructing the inland waterways should be started by the local authorities. It is recommended that specific studies on the feasibility of inland waterways in Malaysia in term of technicality, environmental impact, social development and economic development should be initiated.
  Bahaman Abu Samah , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Jegak Uli
  Problem statement: The government’s effort in enhancing agriculture productivity cannot be argued. The introduction of contract farming is one of the ways. Contract farming includes a number of new agriculture activities such as leech rearing, worm rearing, vanilla farming, herbs, catfish and many more. However, is the youth who are the pillar of this industry have a positive attitude towards it? This was the main objective of this study, to investigate the attitude of Malaysian agriculture institution students toward contract farming and factors that affect it. Approach: This was a quantitative study and data was gathered through a survey questionnaire. A total of 194 respondents from two main agriculture learning institutions in Malaysia were selected through a simple random sampling. The data collection took almost two months to be completed. Results: As expected, the study revealed that the Malaysian agriculture institution students have a high level of attitude towards contract farming. Further analysis through multiple regression analysis informed us that three factors which are acceptance, support and knowledge are significant predictors of youths’ attitude towards contract farming. Conclusion: In order to enhance the attitude of youth towards contract farming, exposure to contract farming among the youth should be doubled and a specific course on contract farming can be introduced. Besides, establishing contract farming youth club can be introduced.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , HayrolAzril Mohamed Shaffril , Bahaman Abu Samah and Jegak Uli
  Climate change has a tremendous impact on the livelihood of fishermen as it is poised to affect the sustainability of the fisheries industry. Thus, there is a need for the fisherfolk to possess adequate adaptation capacity to lessen the negative impact due to climate change. The main purpose of this study is to assess the level of social adaptation capacity of Malaysian fishermen to climate change and to seek the association between social adaptation capacity and selected socio-demographic factors. This is a quantitative study whereby data was collected from 300 registered fishermen in Malaysia. The sampling technique used was stratified random sampling and data was obtained through a face-to-face interview. Based on the results gained, it showed that the respondents were having a very high level of social adaptation capacity. In terms of association, the study found that there is a significant difference between social adaptation capacity and the factors of age groups and income. The study recommends that the local fishermen need to be given adequate training and financial support so that they will be mentally and financially prepared to face the calamities of climate change.
  Fauziah Ibrahim , Naresh Kumar and Bahaman Abu Samah
  The former drug addicts’ abilities to overcome all obstacle in life while achieving life that is free from drugs would be influenced by self-efficacy. It means that the more a former addicts is assures of himself and his future, the wider his opportunity to succeed in recovering from drugs’ effect. On that note, this research was done to identify the level of self-efficacy amongst relapsed addicts and to identify the relationships between addicts self-efficacy and relapsed addiction tendencies. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS for windows. The sample consisted of 400 drug addicts on relapse cases which were selected through the stratified random sampling and systematic random sampling method from eight Narcotic Rehabilitation Centers (NRC) throughout Peninsular, Malaysia. This research was conducted using quantitative cross-sectional survey design. The level of addicts’ self-efficacy were measured using General Efficacy Scale (GES) with strong reliability rate at 856. The date gathered was analyzed using Pearson correlation analysis and descriptive tests. The results showed 86.3% respondents showed moderate self efficacy level to low. The results from Pearson correlation tests found that there is negative, strong and significant relationship between self-efficacy ( r = -0.790; p<0.05) with relapsed addiction. These results gave the impression that low self-efficacy factor can give negative effect to the addicts in order for them to continue to be free from drugs, especially when they facing life challenges and their surroundings after they were released from drug rehabilitation centers.
  Seyedali Ahrari , Jamilah Bt. Othman , Md. Salleh Hassan , Bahaman Abu Samah and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  This study investigates youth civic development in the Malaysian higher education context. The findings described in this study represent the preliminary data obtained through the pre-test procedure. This pre-test study used a sample of 40 undergraduate students in Kualalumpur, Selangor State. Civic disposition recorded the highest mean score; nevertheless, the intensity investedin civic disposition can not support students in reinforcing their civic engagement as this construct showed the lowest mean score. The results discussed only prove the preliminary findings, although the results are expected to represent a possible prediction of what the actual data will be.
  Mahazan Muhammad , Khairuddin Idris , Effi Helmy Ariffin , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Bahaman Abu Samah and Turiman Suandi
  This study aims to conceptually discuss the impacts of climate change on small-scale fishermen in Malaysia. Based on the document analyses made, it was concluded that Malaysia is also experiencing the impacts of climate change similar to other countries in the world. This impact of climate change has brought negative implications towards several community groups and the small-scale fishermen are one of them. Climate change is found to have increased several risks associated with fishing activities, affect their productivity, health and damage to the public facilities. A number of adaptation strategies were recommended and it is hope to assist the related parties in constructing the best adaptation strategies to overcome the rising climate change in Malaysia.
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