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Articles by Babak Rastegari Mehr
Total Records ( 2 ) for Babak Rastegari Mehr
  Farkhonde Hayati , Mohammad Mahboubi , Atefeh Zahedi , Babak Rastegari Mehr and Mohsen Mohammadi
  "Spirituality" refers to human inclinations for exploring the concept of life by a need for connecting with something beyond self or by developing one’s "self". The feeling of happiness is a human need that has significant impact on life in a way that it can be considered as the main factor in the health of the family and the society. This study was of analytical cross-sectional type that explored the relationship between daily spiritual experiences and happiness in students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences. The population of the study was consisted of all students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences and the sampling method was census. The Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) and Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS ver.19. About 320 students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences were studied. The participant’s mean age was 20.78±1.56 with the age range of 18-27 year. Most of the participant (51.6%) were female. Happiness had a significant relationship with sex (p = 0.03), field of study (p = 0.04), academic year (p = 0.01) andsatisfaction with field of study (p = 0.02). The relationship of spiritual experience with the variables sex (p = 0.002), satisfaction with the city (p = 0.009), housing (p = 0.000), hours of sleep (p = 0.03), field of study (p = 0.003) and satisfaction with the city (p = 0.008) was significant. A significant relationship between happiness and spiritual experiences was seen (p = 0.000). The results of the data analysis indicates that daily spiritual experiences and happiness are not only related to each other but also related to variables such as sex, field of study, academic year and…. The female students who were satisfied with their fields of study and had more daily experiences expressed more happiness feeling, compared with males. Therefore, the necessity of employing guidance and counseling before selecting field of study and place of study is clearly felt. The universitie’s management authorities are recommended to help the improvement of spirituality and feeling of happiness in students by planning and implementing educational workshop, creating low-stress learning environments and providing recreational opportunities and facilities.
  Mohammad Mahboubi , Atefeh Zahedi , Babak Rastegari Mehr and Mohsen Mohammadi
  Empathy as an essential component in the relationship between the physician and the patient can be related to positive outcome in the patient. The ability to put oneself in someone else’s shoes and understand his/her feelings and experiences better is called empathy. If the physician can create an effective (empathetic) relationship with the patient, the patient will reveal his/her abilities to grow the relationship and thus, the treatment will be more effective. The present study was done using descriptive method and in a cross-sectional way in 2015. The population of his study was consisted of patients visiting the hospitals in the city Abadan. The data collection tool was a questionnaire that was consisted of two sections. The first section was related to the patient’s demographic information and the second section was the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE). The sample size was determined to be 492 patients. The data analysis was done using the software SPSS and Chi-square test. The participant’s mean age was 37.09±22.20 years and most of the participants were female (52.3%). About 5% of the physicians explored were general practitioners and 95% were specialists. The empathy mean score was 53.42±16.5. About 18.8% of the patients reported the physician empathy to be low, 76.3% reported it to be average and 4.9% reported it to be good. Specialists, compared with general practitioners had a better empathy with the patients. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.005). No relationship of age and sex with empathy was found the empathy score of the physicians is low despite the importance of physician empathy for the patients and it impact on treatment results and the satisfaction level in patients. Therefore as the impact of education on empathy level has been verified in some studies, it seems that training medical staff in this regard can have impacts.
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