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Articles by B.Y. Muhammad
Total Records ( 4 ) for B.Y. Muhammad
  S.W. Hassan , M. Lawal , B.Y. Muhammad , R.A. Umar , L.S. Bilbis and Y. Saidu
  The anthraquinone glycosides composition and toxicity studies of isolated anthraquinone glycosides and aqueous ethanol stem bark extracts of Ficus sycomorus on rat liver and kidney functions were conducted. The yield of anthraquinone glycosides in 40 g powdered stem bark extract was 16.0% (w/v). Liver and renal indices were significantly (p<0.05) changed at higher doses of 617.86, 988.57 (anthraqiunone glycosides), 767.80 and 1228.60 mg kg-1 body weight (aqueous ethanol extract). Dose dependant decrease in weight (p<0.05) was observed in the rats administered higher doses of the aqueous ethanol and anthraquinone glycosides extracts. The results suggest that extracts of Ficus sycomorus cause adverse effects to liver and kidney at higher doses.
  S.W. Hassan , M. Lawal , B.Y. Muhammad , R.A. Umar , L.S. Bilbis , A.A. Ebbo and Y.U. Dabai
  The column chromatographic fractions of chloroform (CHL1, CHL2 and CHL3) root extracts of Boscia angustifolia were screened for antibacterial activity and phytochemical properties. CHL1 fraction was significantly active (p<0.05) at 5 to 60 mg L-1 on Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Streptococcus pneumoniae with Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of 0.63 to 1.25 mg L-1. The active fraction (CHL1) revealed the presence of only alkaloids with Retention factor (Rf) value of 0.36. The active antibacterial agent in the most potent fraction (CHL1) was isolated and identified by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and phytochemistry. The CHL2 and CHL3 fractions did not show inhibitory activity at 5 to 60 mg L-1. The antibacterial activity of root extract of Boscia angustifolia is due to a chloroform-extractable compound. The results support the ethnomedicinal use of root of Boscia angustifolia for the treatment of bacterial diseases.
  B.M. Agaie , P.A. Onyeyili , B.Y. Muhammad and M.J. Ladan
  Some toxic effects of the aqeous leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpus was evaluated in rats using changes in haematological and biochemical parameters as well as body weight changes. The results indicate that the extract had no significant effect (p>0.05) on haematological parameters except the packed cell volume and lymphocytes. Significant (p<0.05) dose-dependent increase were observed in serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase. Serum sodium and potassium were not affected by extract administration. However, total protein, bilirubin, urea and cholesterol as well as body weight values were significantly lower than in the control especially in groups that received higher doses. The results of this study therefore suggest that the leaf extract of this plant could affect feed intake and utilization and also elicit some changes in biochemical parameters of rats.
  S.W. Hassan , M. Lawal , B.Y. Muhammad , R.A. Umar , L.S. Bilbis , U.Z. Faruk and A.A. Ebbo
  The in vitro antifungal activity and phytochemical properties of column chromatography fractions of Hexane (HX), Petroleum Ether (PE) and Chloroform (CHL) of stem bark of Ficus sycomorus were studied. The bioactive agent in the most potent fraction with antifungal properties was isolated and identified by preparative Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and phytochemical analysis. The hexane fractions (HX2 and HX3) were significantly active (p<0.05) at 0.31 to 5.63 mg mL-1 on Microsporum gypseum, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans. The fractions revealed the presence of Steroids (STR), Condensed Tannins (CDT), Cardiac Glycosides (CG) and Saponins (SAP). The HX4 fraction was the most potent, exhibiting complete inhibitory activity against all the fungal isolates tested. The fraction contained Anthraquinone Glycosides (ATG) with Retention factor (Rf) value of 0.87. All the PE fractions (PE1, PE2 and PE3) did not exhibit significant activity on the fungal isolates at 0.31 to 3.75 mg mL-1. The CHL fractions (CHL1 and CHL2) showed very high inhibitory activity on only Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton rubrum. The phytochemical analysis of these fractions revealed the presence of CG, SAP, CDT and STR. The results of the present study add credence to the ethnomedicinal uses of Ficus sycomorus for the treatment of fungal diseases.
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