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Articles by B.I. Onyeanusi
Total Records ( 2 ) for B.I. Onyeanusi
  B.I. Onyeanusi , A.A. Adeniyi , J.O. Ayo and J.O. Nzalak
  Morphometric studies were carried out using standard procedures on the kidney of the African Giant Rat (AGR). The average kidney weight was 2.085±0.044 g. The right kidney was significantly (p< 0.05) heavier than the left. The male kidneys were larger than those of the female and the values obtained were 2.119±0.062 g and 2.053±0.009 g, respectively. The average liveweight of the AGR was 8.63.520±3.74 g. The relative thickness of the medulla was 4.30. The results of the present study provide baseline morphometric data on the kidney of the AGR which had been lacking. The value of the relative thickness of the medulla (4.3), similar to those of the dog (4.2) and the cat (4.8), suggests that the AGR does not have special anatomical adaptation in the urinary system for water economy. The capability to thrive well in arid environment probably lies somewhere else.
  J. Imam , B.I. Onyeanusi , U.S. Abdullahi , S.O. Salami , J.O. Nzalak , M.B. Umar , A.D. Umosen , S.M. Maidawa , M.N. Ali , M.M. Suleiman and O. Byanet
  Mitracarpus scaber is a local herb traditionally used for the treatment of eczema and other skin disorders. Methanolic extracts made from leaves, stem, fluorescence and roots were prepared and dried. Graded concentrations of the 4 separate plant parts were prepared in nutrient broth contained in universal bottles at 10, 7, 5, 3 and 2 g mL 1. Standard chloramphenicol (Norbrook Laboratories Ltd., London) was similarly prepared and used as known antibiotic. An isolate of Dermatophilus congolensis was obtained and inoculated in each of the graded broth media and incubated at 37C, microaerophilically, for 24 h. Two replications were made with blank controls and growth of Dermatophilus congolensis was observed and recorded. The results obtained showed that leaves, fluorescence and root extracts were inhibitory at concentration of 3 g mL 1 while, stem extract was at 5 g mL 1. Chloramphenicol was inhibitory at 2 g mL 1. It is recommended that research be carried out on this plant to further elucidate its antimicrobial potentials.
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