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Articles by B. Li
Total Records ( 5 ) for B. Li
  Y Dong and B. Li

Many classical dimension reduction methods, especially those based on inverse conditional moments, require the predictors to have elliptical distributions, or at least to satisfy a linearity condition. Such conditions, however, are too strong for some applications. Li and Dong (2009) introduced the notion of the central solution space and used it to modify first-order methods, such as sliced inverse regression, so that they no longer rely on these conditions. In this paper we generalize this idea to second-order methods, such as sliced average variance estimation and directional regression. In doing so we demonstrate that the central solution space is a versatile framework: we can use it to modify essentially all inverse conditional moment-based methods to relax the distributional assumption on the predictors. Simulation studies and an application show a substantial improvement of the modified methods over their classical counterparts.

  F. Zhang , L. Dong , C. P. Zhang , B. Li , J. Wen , W. Gao , S. Sun , F. Lv , H. Tian , J. Tuomilehto , L. Qi , C. L. Zhang , Z. Yu , X. Yang and G. Hu
  Aims  To investigate the trend in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus during 1999-2008 in women living in urban Tianjin, China.

Methods  A universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus has become an integral part of the antenatal care in Tianjin, China from 1998. A total of 105 473 pregnant women living in the six urban districts of Tianjin, China, participated in the gestational diabetes mellitus screening programme between December 1998 and December 2008. The screening test consisted of a 50-g 1-h glucose test. Women who had a glucose reading ≥ 7.8 mmol/l at the initial screening were invited to undergo the standard 2-h oral glucose tolerance test with a 75-g glucose load. Gestational diabetes mellitus was confirmed using the World Health Organization's diagnostic criteria.

Results  The adjusted prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus increased by 2.8 times during 1999-2008, from 2.4 to 6.8% (P < 0.0001 for linear trend). In 2008, the age-specific prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus was the highest among women aged 30-34 years (11.3%) and lowest among women aged 25 and under (1.2%). In women aged 35 years and more, the prevalence was 5.3%.

Conclusions  The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus has markedly been increasing in a universally screened urban Chinese female population and has become an important public health problem in China.

  B. Li , E. Baudoin , R. Yu , Z.W. Sun , Z.S. Li , X.S. Bai , M. Alden and M.S. Mansour
  The structure and dynamics of a turbulent partially premixed methane/air flame in a conical burner were investigated using laser diagnostics and large-eddy simulations (LES). The flame structure inside the cone was characterized in detail using LES based on a two-scalar flamelet model, with the mixture fraction for the mixing field and level-set G-function for the partially premixed flame front propagation. In addition, planar laser induced florescence (PLIF) of CH and chemiluminescence imaging with high speed video were performed through a glass cone. CH and CH2O PLIF were also used to examine the flame structures above the cone. It is shown that in the entire flame the CH layer remains very thin, whereas the CH2O layer is rather thick. The flame is stabilized inside the cone a short distance above the nozzle. The stabilization of the flame can be simulated by the triple-flame model but not the flamelet-quenching model. The results show that flame stabilization in the cone is a result of premixed flame front propagation and flow reversal near the wall of the cone which is deemed to be dependent on the cone angle. Flamelet based LES is shown to capture the measured CH structures whereas the predicted CH2O structure is somewhat thinner than the experiments.
  Z.Y. Chen , L.N. Yan , Y. Zeng , T.F. Wen , B. Li , J.C. Zhao , W.T. Wang , J.Y. Yang , M.Q. Xu , Y.K. Ma and H. Wu

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the indications for liver transplantation among patients with hepatolithiasis.

Patients and Methods: Data from 1431 consecutive patients who underwent surgical treatment from January 2000 to December 2006 were retrospectively collected for analysis. Surgical procedures included T-tube insertion combined with intraoperative cholangioscopic removal of intrahepatic stones, hepatectomy, cholangiojejunostomy, and liver transplantation.

Results: Nine hundred sixty-one patients who had a stone located in the left or right intrahepatic duct underwent hepatectomy or T-tube insertion combined with intraoperative cholangioscopic removal of intrahepatic stones. The rate of residual stones was 7.5%. Four hundred seventy patients who had a stone located in the bilateral intrahepatic ducts underwent surgical procedures other than liver transplantation; the rate of residual stones was 21.7%. Only 15 patients with hepatolithiasis underwent liver transplantation; they all survived. According to the degree of biliary cirrhosis, recipients were divided into 2 groups: a group with biliary decompensated cirrhosis (n = 7), or group with compensated cirrhosis or no cirrhosis (n = 8). There were significant differences in operative times, transfusion volumes, and blood losses between the 2 groups (P < .05). In the first group, 6 of 7 patients experienced surgical complications, and in the second, 8 recipients recovered smoothly with no complications. Health status, disability, and psychological wellness of all recipients (n = 15) were significantly improved at 1 year after transplantation compared with pretransplantation (P < .05).

Conclusions: Liver transplantation is a possible method to address hepatolithiasis and secondary decompensated biliary cirrhosis or difficult to remove, diffusely distributed intrahepatic duct stones unavailable by hepatectomy, cholangiojejunostomy, and choledochoscopy.
  D. Yuan , T. Lu , Y.G. Wei , B. Li , L.N. Yan , Y. Zeng , T.F. Wen and J.C. Zhao

Introduction: The accurate assessment of standard liver volume (SLV) is necessary for the safety of both the donor and the recipient in living donor liver transplantation. However, the accuracy of SLV formulas relates to cohorts or races. This study examined the accuracy of a simple linear formula versus previous formulas of SLV for Chinese adults.

Methods: Among 112 patients with normal liver, we created a new formula for SLV with stepwise regression analysis using the following variables: age, gender, body weight, body height, body mass index, and body surface area. The agreement between the actual liver volume (LV) and calculated LV using various formulas was prospectively evaluated among 63 living donors by paired-sample student`s t-test and Lin`s concordance correlation coefficient.

Results: A new formula was developed SLV (mL) = 949.7 × BSA (m2) − 48.3 × age − 247.4 where age was counted as 1 for those <40, 2 if 41–60, and 3 if >60 years old. The calculated LV using our formula showed no significant difference from the actual LV using the paired-samples student`s t-test (P = .653). Lin`s concordance correlation coefficient showed substantial agreement between estimated LV using our formula and actual LV. Furthermore, this study also observed an almost perfect agreement between our formula and the Yoshizumi et al formula.

Conclusion: Our formula, which accurately estimated LV among Chinese adults, may be applicable to adults of other ethnicitis.
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