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Articles by B Tian
Total Records ( 3 ) for B Tian
  K Matthews , P. E Noker , B Tian , S. D Grimes , R Fulton , K Schweikart , R Harris , R Aurigemma , M Wang , M. N Barnes , G. P Siegal , A Hemminki , K Zinn , D. T Curiel and R. D. Alvarez
 

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biodistribution and toxicity of Ad5.SSTR/TK.RGD, an infectivity-enhanced adenovirus expressing a therapeutic suicide gene and somatostatin receptor type 2 (for noninvasive assessment of gene transfer with nuclear imaging) in advance of a planned phase I clinical trial for recurrent ovarian carcinoma.

Experimental Design: Cohorts of Syrian hamsters were treated i.p. for 3 consecutive days with Ad5.SSTR/TK.RGD or control buffer with or without the prodrug ganciclovir (GCV) and euthanized on day 4, 19, or 56. Tissue and serum samples were evaluated for the presence of virus using qPCR analysis and were assessed for vector-related tissue or laboratory effects.

Results: Levels of Ad5.SSTR/TK.RGD in blood and tissues outside of the abdominal cavity were low, indicating minimal systemic absorption. GCV did not affect Ad5.SSTR/TK.RGD biodistribution. The mean Ad5.SSTR/TK.RGD viral level was 100-fold lower on day 19 than day 4, suggesting vector elimination over time. Animals in the Ad5.SSTR/TK.RGD ± GCV cohort had clinical laboratory parameters and microscopic lesions in the abdominal organs indicative of an inflammatory response. Toxicity in this dose cohort seemed to be reversible over time.

Conclusions: These studies provide justification for planned dosing of Ad5.SSTR/TK.RGD for a planned phase I clinical trial and insights regarding anticipated toxicity.

  Y Hu , B Tian , G Xu , L Yin , X Hua , J Lin and Y. Hua
 

The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans is extremely resistant to the intense ionizing irradiation which causes extensive DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The deinococcal SbcCD complex (drSbcCD) is required for DSB repair. The drSbcC and drSbcD genes were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli cells, respectively. The nearly homogeneous drSbcC and drSbcD proteins were purified and reconstituted to form a stable complex in vitro. The drSbcCD complex has an ATP-independent 3'->5' exonuclease activity to cleave both dsDNA and ssDNA substrates in the presence of either Mn2+ or Mg2+ ion. The drSbcCD complex also has an ATP-independent endonuclease activity. It can cleave the circular ssDNA, nick the supercoiled circular dsDNA, cleave the 3' flap DNA substrate at the site of the single-strand branch adjacent to duplex DNA, and cleave the hairpin DNA taking no account of the DNA end free or not. It is a kind of secondary structure-specific endonuclease. The drSbcCD complex still has a 3'->5' exonuclease activity when the DNA termini are blocked by the proteins. These results suggest that the drSbcCD complex takes part in the metabolism of DNA, and its nuclease activities may play important roles in DNA repair process.

  J Liu , Y Song , B Tian , J Qian , Y Dong , B Liu and Z. Sun
 

It is well established that promyelocytic leukaemia nuclear bodies (PML NBs) play important roles in DNA damage responses (DDR). After irradiation, PML NBs dynamically recruit or release important proteins involved in cell-cycle regulation, DNA repair and apoptosis. As PML protein is the key molecule of PML NBs’ dynamic assembling, we aimed to characterize the PML-interacting proteins in 60Co-irradiated MCF-7 cells. A proteomic approach using CoIP, mono-dimensional electrophoresis and tandem mass spectrometry, allowed us to identify a total of 124 proteins that may associate with PML after irradiation. Bioinformatic analysis of the identified proteins showed that most of them were related to characterized PML functions, such as transcriptional regulation, cell-cycle regulation, cell-death regulation and response to stress. Four proteins, B23, MVP, G3BP1 and DHX9, were verified to co-localize with PML differentially before and after ionizing radiation (IR) treatment. The proteins identified in this study will significantly improve our understanding of the dynamic organization and multiple functions of PML NBs in DDR.

 
 
 
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