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Articles by B O`Sullivan
Total Records ( 1 ) for B O`Sullivan
  A. B.Y Hui , S Yue , W Shi , N. M Alajez , E Ito , S. R Green , S Frame , B O`Sullivan and F. F. Liu

Purpose: Seliciclib is a small-molecule cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, which has been reported to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in EBV-negative nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines. Because most nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients harbor EBV, we proceeded to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of seliciclib in EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma models.

Experimental Design: Cytotoxicity of seliciclib was investigated in the EBV-positive cell line C666-1 and the C666-1 and C15 xenograft models. Caspase activities and cell cycle analyses were measured by flow cytometry. Efficacy of combined treatment of seliciclib with radiation therapy was also evaluated.

Results: Seliciclib caused significant cytotoxicity in the C666-1 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner, with accumulation of cells in both sub-G1 and G2-M phases, indicative of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, respectively. Caspase-2, -3, -8, and -9 activities were all increased, with caspase-3 being the most significantly activated at 48 h after treatment. These cells also showed a reduction of Mcl-1 mRNA and protein levels. Combined treatment of seliciclib with radiation therapy showed a synergistic interaction with enhanced cytotoxicity in C666-1 cells and delayed repair of double-strand DNA breaks. For in vivo models, significant delays in tumor growth were observed for both C666-1 and C15 tumors, which were associated with enhanced apoptosis as determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling and immunohistochemistry analyses.

Conclusions: Seliciclib enhanced the antitumor efficacy of radiation therapy in EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma, characterized by G2-M arrest, and apoptosis, associated with an induction in caspase activity. This process is mediated by reduction in Mcl-1 expression and by attenuation of double-strand DNA break repair.

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