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Articles by B Misselwitz
Total Records ( 2 ) for B Misselwitz
  J. A Ronald , Y Chen , A. J. L Belisle , A. M Hamilton , K. A Rogers , R. A Hegele , B Misselwitz and B. K. Rutt
 

Background— Inflammation and neovascularization play critical roles in the stability of atherosclerotic plaques. Whole-body quantitative assessment of these plaque features may improve patient risk-stratification for life-threatening thromboembolic events and direct appropriate intervention. In this report, we determined the utility of the MR contrast agent gadofluorine-M (GdF) for staging plaque stability and compared this to the conventional agent Gd-DTPA.

Methods and Results— Five control and 7 atherosclerotic rabbits were sequentially imaged after administration of Gd-DTPA (0.2 mmol/kg) and GdF (0.1 mmol/kg) using a T1-weighted pulse sequence on a 3-T MRI scanner. Diseased aortic wall could be distinguished from normal wall based on wall-to-muscle contrast-to-noise values after GdF administration. RAM-11 (macrophages) and CD-31 (endothelial cells) immunostaining of MR-matched histological sections revealed that GdF accumulation was related to the degree of inflammation at the surface of plaques and the extent of core neovascularization. Importantly, an MR measure of GdF accumulation at both 1 and 24 hours after injection but not Gd-DTPA at peak enhancement was shown to correlate with a quantitative histological morphology index related to these 2 plaque features.

Conclusions— GdF-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques allows noninvasive quantitative information about plaque composition to be acquired at multiple time points after injection (within 1 and up to 24 hours after injection). This dramatically widens the imaging window for assessing plaque stability that is currently attainable with clinically approved MR agents, therefore opening the possibility of whole-body (including coronary) detection of unstable plaques in the future and potentially improved mitigation of cataclysmic cardiovascular events.

  K. S McCommis , T. A Goldstein , D. R Abendschein , P Herrero , B Misselwitz , R. J Gropler and J. Zheng
 

Background— A comprehensive evaluation of myocardial ischemia requires measures of both oxygen supply and demand. Positron emission tomography (PET) is currently the gold standard for such evaluations, but its use is limited because of its ionizing radiation, limited availability, and high cost. A cardiac MRI method was developed for assessing myocardial oxygenation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and validate this technique compared with PET during pharmacological stress in a canine model of coronary artery stenosis.

Methods and Results— Twenty-one beagles and small mongrel dogs without coronary artery stenosis (controls) or with moderate to severe acute coronary artery stenosis underwent MRI and PET imaging at rest and during dipyridamole vasodilation or dobutamine stress to induce a wide range of changes in cardiac perfusion and oxygenation. MRI first-pass perfusion imaging was performed to quantify myocardial blood flow and volume. The MRI blood oxygen level-dependent technique was used to determine the myocardial oxygen extraction fraction during pharmacological hyperemia. Myocardial oxygen consumption was determined by the Fick law. In the same dogs, 15O-water and 11C-acetate were used to measure myocardial blood flow and myocardial oxygen consumption, respectively, by PET. Regional assessments were performed for both MR and PET. MRI data correlated nicely with PET values for myocardial blood flow (R2=0.79, P<0.001), myocardial oxygen consumption (R2=0.74, P<0.001), and oxygen extraction fraction (R2=0.66, P<0.01).

Conclusions— Cardiac MRI methods may provide an alternative to radionuclide imaging in settings of myocardial ischemia. Our newly developed quantitative MRI oxygenation imaging technique may be a valuable noninvasive tool to directly evaluate myocardial energetics and efficiency.

 
 
 
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