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Articles by B Manns
Total Records ( 2 ) for B Manns
  M Walsh , A Sar , D Lee , S Yilmaz , H Benediktsson , B Manns and B. Hemmelgarn

Background and objectives: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerular disease worldwide. Accurately identifying patients who are at risk for progressive disease is challenging. The extent to which histopathologic features improves prognostication is uncertain.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: We studied a retrospective cohort with biopsy-proven IgAN in Calgary, Canada. Renal biopsies were reviewed by a nephropathologist with histopathologic data abstracted using a standardized form. The primary outcome was the composite of doubling of serum creatinine, ESRD, or death. Spline models defined significant levels of interstitial fibrosis, glomerulosclerosis, hypertension, proteinuria, and creatinine. The prognostic significances of clinical and histopathologic parameters were determined using Cox proportional hazards models.

Results: Data from 146 cases were available for analysis with a median follow-up of 5.8 years. Greater than 25% interstitial fibrosis, >40% glomerular sclerosis, and a systolic BP >150 mmHg were risk thresholds. In univariable analyses, baseline creatinine, proteinuria, systolic BP, glomerular sclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, and crescentic disease were predictors of the primary outcome. In multivariable models adjusted for clinical characteristics, interstitial fibrosis (hazard ratio [HR]2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 6.0), glomerular sclerosis (HR 2.6; 95% CI 1.2 to 4.5), and crescents (HR 2.4; 95% CI 1.2 to 5.1) remained independent predictors of the primary outcome and significantly improved model fit compared with clinical characteristics alone.

Conclusions: Baseline histopathologic parameters are independent predictors of adverse outcomes in IgAN even after taking into consideration clinical characteristics. Relatively small degrees of interstitial fibrosis confer an increased risk for progressive IgAN.

  P Ravani , P Parfrey , J MacRae , M James , R Quinn , F Malberti , G Brunori , S Mandolfo , M Tonelli , B Hemmelgarn , B Manns and B. Barrett

Background and objectives: Comparing outcomes of arteriovenous grafts and fistulas is challenging because the pathophysiology of access dysfunction and failure rate profiles differ by access type. Studying how risks vary over time may be important.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Longitudinal data from 535 incident hemodialysis patients were used to study the relationship between access type and access survival, without (semiparametric Cox modeling) and with specification of the underlying hazard function (parametric Weibull modeling).

Results: The hazard for failure of fistulas and grafts declined over time, becoming proportional only after 3 months from surgery, with a graft versus fistula hazard ratio of 3.2 (95% confidence interval 1.9 to 5.3; Cox and Weibull estimation) and time ratio of 0.11 (i.e., the estimated access survival time was approximately one tenth shorter in grafts; 95% confidence interval 0.04 to 0.28; Weibull estimation only). Considering the entire observation period, grafts had slower hazard decline (P < 0.001) with shorter median survival times than fistulas (8.4 versus 38.3 months; Weibull regression only).

Conclusions: Parametric models of arteriovenous access survival may provide relevant information about temporal risk profiles and predicted survival times.

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