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Articles by B Laporte
Total Records ( 2 ) for B Laporte
  O Tassy , D Dauga , F Daian , D Sobral , F Robin , P Khoueiry , D Salgado , V Fox , D Caillol , R Schiappa , B Laporte , A Rios , G Luxardi , T Kusakabe , J. S Joly , S Darras , L Christiaen , M Contensin , H Auger , C Lamy , C Hudson , U Rothbacher , M. J Gilchrist , K. W Makabe , K Hotta , S Fujiwara , N Satoh , Y Satou and P. Lemaire

Developmental biology aims to understand how the dynamics of embryonic shapes and organ functions are encoded in linear DNA molecules. Thanks to recent progress in genomics and imaging technologies, systemic approaches are now used in parallel with small-scale studies to establish links between genomic information and phenotypes, often described at the subcellular level. Current model organism databases, however, do not integrate heterogeneous data sets at different scales into a global view of the developmental program. Here, we present a novel, generic digital system, NISEED, and its implementation, ANISEED, to ascidians, which are invertebrate chordates suitable for developmental systems biology approaches. ANISEED hosts an unprecedented combination of anatomical and molecular data on ascidian development. This includes the first detailed anatomical ontologies for these embryos, and quantitative geometrical descriptions of developing cells obtained from reconstructed three-dimensional (3D) embryos up to the gastrula stages. Fully annotated gene model sets are linked to 30,000 high-resolution spatial gene expression patterns in wild-type and experimentally manipulated conditions and to 528 experimentally validated cis-regulatory regions imported from specialized databases or extracted from 160 literature articles. This highly structured data set can be explored via a Developmental Browser, a Genome Browser, and a 3D Virtual Embryo module. We show how integration of heterogeneous data in ANISEED can provide a system-level understanding of the developmental program through the automatic inference of gene regulatory interactions, the identification of inducing signals, and the discovery and explanation of novel asymmetric divisions.

  B Laporte , S Gonzalez Hilarion , A Maftah and J. M. Petit

We have cloned a cDNA sequence encoding the second bovine β-galactoside-2,6-sialyltransferase whose sequence shares more than 75% of identity with hST6Gal II cDNA coding sequence. The bovine gene, located on BTA 11, spans over 50 kbp with five exons (E1–E5) containing the 1488 bp open reading frame and a 5'-untranslated exon (E0). The gene expression pattern reveals a specific tissue distribution (brain, lungs, spleen, salivary, and mammary glands) compared to ST6Gal I which is ubiquitously expressed. We identified for bovine ST6Gal II three kinds of transcripts which differ by their 5'-untranslated regions. Among them, two transcripts are brain specific whereas the third one is found in all of the tissues expressing the gene. Two pFlag-bST6Gal II vector constructions were separately transfected in COS-1 cells in order to express either membrane-bound or soluble active forms of ST6Gal II. Enzymatic assays with these two forms indicated that the enzyme used the LacdiNAc structure (GalNAcβ1,4GlcNAc) as a better acceptor substrate than the Type II (Galβ1-4GlcNAc) disaccharide. Moreover, the enzyme's efficiency is improved when the acceptor substrate is provided as a free oligosaccharide rather than as a protein-bound oligosaccharide. In order to investigate the potential role of ST6Gal II during the acute phase of inflammation, we used primary cultures of bovine mammary epithelial cells which were stimulated with pro-inflammatory cytokines. It appears that the ST6Gal II gene was upregulated in cells stimulated by IL-6. This result suggested that 2,6-sialylation mediated by this gene could contribute to organism's response to infections.

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