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Articles by Azza M. Bashir
Total Records ( 2 ) for Azza M. Bashir
  Azza M. Bashir , Ibrahim A. Ali , Mazin S Abdalla and Omer A. Musa
  Many previous studies have shown that the blood pressure increased with the increase in body mass index if the normal blood pressure is dependent on body mass index then normal values of blood pressure should be related to BMI and consequently, hypertension classification be revised. In Sudan the reference values of blood pressure is ill defined, so, still international reference values are used despite the differences in ethnicity, life style and nutritional status. This study was designed to establish the relation of normal blood pressure and body mass index among healthy Sudanese adult’s females and males in Khartoum state. A cross sectional study was conducted 2016 in AL Khartoum state on healthy Sudanese adult’s males and females. About 200 participants aged between 20-60 years were assessed by a questionnaires covering their age, gender, smoking history, food habit and amount of salt and physical activity, then the blood pressure was measured by manual sphygmomanometer in a sitting position, height was measured by tape and weight by weight scale, body mass index then calculated by the formula BMI = wt/ht2. Correlation between blood pressure and body mass index was assessed and was taken positive if p value was ≤0.05(was consider to be significant). There is significant correlation between body mass index a nd systolic blood pressure p = 0.01 while for diastolic blood pressure p = 0.05. Females have higher BMI than males, 40% of the females were obese while only 19.4% of male were. Males have higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than females. The study showed positive correlation between blood pressure and body mass index where there is increased in blood pressure with increased body mass index. Further, studies are recommended to identify the normal blood pressure for every body mass index.
  Mazin S. Abdalla , Ibrahim A. Ali , Azza M. Bashir and Omer A. Musa
  The blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) has been found to increase with increased weight. This relationship is well advocated in many solid researches around the world. However, the relationship does not account to a cause and effect relation, the increment in the body weight may only raise the risk of increasing blood pressure. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the body mass index and blood pressure levels in healthy Sudanese population residing in Khartoum state. A cross sectional study was conducted during July-August, 2016 in Khartoum state on a sample size of 200 subjects adult males/females of ages between 20-60 years and who were not known to be hypertensive. All the participants were assessed by a questionnaire covering age, gender, physical activity, daily salt intake and smoking history. Blood pressure was measured using the manual sphygmomanometer. Weight was measure using the standard scale. BMI was calculated according to the formula Weight (kg)/[height (m)]2. Correlations between the variables were estimated and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. There is a significant positive relationship between the BMI and the systolic blood pressure (p = 0.01), the statistical analysis also showed a significant positive relationship between the BMI and the diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.01). This study has demonstrated that the association between the body mass index and the blood pressure is significant. However, further studies on a larger sample size is required, so as to establish a mathematical formula to predict the blood pressure given the body mass index. There is positive correlation between systolic, diastolic blood pressure and BMI. Increased blood pressure was seen in individuals with higher BMI when compared with individuals with lower BMI.
 
 
 
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