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Articles by Azar Dokht Khosravi
Total Records ( 2 ) for Azar Dokht Khosravi
  Hossein Rekabi , Azar Dokht Khosravi , Khashayar Ahmadi and Maryam Kardouni
  This study was performed to introduce whether there is any difference between tonsillar surface and deep tissue cultures in patients who underwent tonsillectomy for recurrent tonsillitis. The study was prospectively performed on 120 patients who had undergone tonsillectomy for recurrent tonsillitis. Tonsillar surface and deep tonsillar cultures were taken in all patients. All patients underwent tonsillectomy under general anesthesia and in operating room conditions. The tonsillar surface cultures were taken transorally under direct vision by using a sterile cotton-tipped applicator. The samples were inoculated into sheep blood and chocolate agar. All of the samples were taken to the microbiology laboratory within half an hour. Pathogenic bacteria were isolated in 78 patients of 120 patients included in the study. Of these, different types of bacteria were recovered from the surface and deep tissue cultures, whereas in 30 patients, the same types of bacteria were isolated from both the surface and deep tissue cultures. The organisms recovered from the tonsillar surface swabs and deep tissue specimens were: Streptococcus pneumoniae 35.9%; group A α-hemolytic streptococci 28.2%, Haemophilus influenzae 17.9%, Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin sensitive and resistant) 15.4% and E. coli 2.6%. Neither E. coli nor methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) were recovered from deep tissue cultures. Since swab cultures taken from the tonsillar surface may not always represent the actual bacteriology of the interior tonsil, thus, tonsillar deep tissue cultures may be helpful in clarifying tonsillar microbiology and guiding the treatment of patients with chronic tonsillitis.
  Seyed Mohammad Alavi , Azar Dokht Khosravi and Seyed Saeid Seyedian
  The knowledge about tuberculosis situation in a community by collecting required information, enable the health policy makers to employ the appropriate measures to control the disease. The aim of this article was to review the information about tuberculosis in Khuzestan. A systematic review of the literature on tuberculosis from 2000 to 2010 using computerized bibliographic databases which include Pub Med, Current Content, Scopus and Iranmedex was made to find better understanding about tuberculosis in Khuzestan. Annual risk of infection rate in Khuzestan was 0.5% and the estimated case of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis was approximately 25 per 100000 population. The main risk factors of tuberculosis and its mortality in the province were smoking, imprisonment, injection drug usage and diabetes. Multi-drug resistant M. tuberculosis was documented by using PCR method in tuberculosis patients in the region. However, extensively drug resistant M. tuberculosis which is an important problem expected to be concerned was not yet emerged in the region of study. According to reviewed information, it was concluded that teaching hospitals have an important role in improving pre-treatment counseling and national tuberculosis program indices, such as increased sputum positivity, cured rate and probably, decreased treatment failure and defaulted rate.
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