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Articles by Asghar Ali
Total Records ( 13 ) for Asghar Ali
  Mansoor Sana , Asghar Ali , M. Asghar Malik , M.Farrukh Saleem and Muhammad Rafiq
  The field experiment to evaluate the yield potential of seven cultivars of canola (Brassica napus L.) namely Rainbow, Westar, Con11, Dunkeld, Oscar, Shiralee and Defender was carried out at the Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, during the year 2001-2002. The cultivar Con 11 produced the maximum seed and oil yields due to maximum number of siliquae per plant and seeds per siliqua whereas the cultivar Defender performed poorly and remained at the bottom.
  Muhammad Siddique Javed , Asghar Ali and Hammad Badar
  Pakistan spends major chunk of its foreign exchange reserves on the import of edible oil due to poor domestic base of oilseed production. Considering bleak economic condition of Pakistan, it is very essential to save forex reserves by enhancing domestic oilseed production. Among various types of oilseeds grown in the country, the sunflower, a non-traditional oilseeds has the potential to bridge the gap that exists between the domestic demand and supply due to its high oil contents and agronomic suitability to the climatic conditions of Pakistan. This research article attempts to investigate the factor affecting the yield performance of sunflower in the province of Punjab (Pakistan). A Cobb-Douglas type of function has been employed for estimation purpose.
  Waqar A. Jehangir , Muhammad Ashfaq , Asghar Ali and Naeem Sarwar
  The agricultural economy of Pakistan grew at a rate of 4.5 percent annually during the last one decade. There were various factors responsible for this low growth rate including agricultural credit. It is imperative that credit and services should be provided to poor farmers so that they can emerge out of their poverty trap through financially viable and productive activities. This paper used econometric model to evaluate the effectiveness of credit disbursement in income generation activities of poor farmers. For the purpose of collecting information from farmers, three villages of tehsil Samundri, district Faisalabad were randomly selected. From each village then twenty respondents were selected randomly, making the total sample of sixty households. The estimated equation showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between the amount of credit and the total income. It was also observed that the major constraints faced by farmers in getting agriculture credit were lack of guidance, difficulty in the preparation of passbook by the revenue department, high interest rate and bribery.
  Sadia Alam , Asghar Ali , I.A. Qamar , M. Arshad and Salim Sheikh
  The present project was aimed to determine the correlation coefficients among different economically important traits using three varieties of Sorghum bicolor, and to ascertain the best combinations of characters to provide an ease to the breeders for improving those characters to improve biomass and yield. The sorghum varieties were PARC SS-1, PARC SS-2, and Pothwar 3-9 as control. The experiment was planted in July, 1998 at National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replications. The plant observations were recorded from five earmarked plants in each plot and replication. The characters for observations were plant height, panicle length, 100-seed weight, number of grains/plant, days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, grain yield, stover yield and total dry matter (TDM). All traits were positively highly significantly (P<0.01) correlated with one another and yield. These findings indicate great scope for improvement in sorghum yield by improving the traits of 100-seed weight, panicle length, plant height and days to 50% flowering which are important yield components.
  Saima Bashir , Asghar Ali , I.A. Qamar , M. Arshad , Salim Sheikh and Muhammad Asif
  To determine the correlation coefficients for different economically important traits using three warm-season forage legume species of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.), lablab bean (Lablab purpureus L.) and rice bean (Vigna umbellata Thunb.), the observations were recorded on plant height, number of branches/plant, number of pods/peduncle, number of pods/plant, number of seeds/pod, pod length, days to 50% flowering, 100-seed weight, days to maturity, grain yield, straw yield and biomass. Simple correlation was used to see the association among plant traits. The species were significantly (P 05) different for most of the parameters studied showing variability among the genotypes for those characters. A significant (P<0.05) positive correlation was observed for plant height with pod length and 100-seed weight, number of branches/plant with days to 50% flowering and days to maturity, number of pods/peduncle with number of pods/plant, pod length with seed size, number of seeds/pod with pod length, days to 50% flowering with days to maturity, grain yield with straw yield and TDM (total dry matter) and straw yield with TDM. It indicates that these positive associations may be exploited for any improvement work of the traits in warm-season forage legumes to improve their overall productivity and production.
  Amber Jilani , Imtiaz A. Qamar , Asghar Ali and M. Arshad
  To determine forage yield and crude protein (CP) content in four legume species viz. cowpea, lablab bean, rice bean and sesbania along with a non-leguminous reference crop of sorghum, a study was carried out . The highest dry weight of 4 t ha-1 was obtained from sesbania and sorghum and the lowest dry weight of 2 t ha-1 from cowpea was found. Maximum and minimum heights of 144 and 86 cm were obtained from sesbania and rice bean respectively. The highest fresh matter yield of 17 t ha-1 while the lowest of 9 t ha-1 was obtained from sorghum and lablab beans respectively. The highest crude protein (CP) yield of 581 kg ha-1 was recorded from sesbania.
  Maria Ali , Imtiaz A. Qamar , Asghar Ali , M. Arshad and Javed Iqbal
  Yield and forage quality was estimated for buffel grass, blue panic grass, love grass, napier grass and mott grass was estimated. Mott grass out-yielded all other grasses in terms of plant height (248 cm), number of tillers per plant (96), dry matter yield (22 t )ha -1 while love grass was least productive with plant height of 121 cm, dry matter yield of 2.9 t ha -1 and crude protein of 75.3 kgha -1. Mott grass may be regarded as the best choice for high forage yield and crude protein content in the Pothwar plateau conditions.
  Shaukat Hussain , Muhammad Bashir , Asghar Ali and Bashir Ahmad Malik
  Pathogenicity of twenty isolates of Ascochyta lentis was studied using seven genotypes of lentil i.e Matilda, Indian head, Precoz, Cobber, Digger, North field and Masoor-93 under greenhouse conditions. A distinctive pathogenic variation was observed on the basis of disease reaction. The isolates were divided into five distinct pathotype groups. All the isolates belonging to group-5 proved to be more virulent as compared to isolates of other groups. The seven genotypes used in this study can be used to differentiate isolates of A. lentis with respect to their pathogenicity.
  Asghar Ali , M. Asghar Malik , M. Adil Choudhry , M. Asim Siddique and M. Rafique
  The studies were undertaken to investigate the response of mungbean cultivar NM-92 to different seed rates and phosphorus levels. Seeding rate of 25 kg ha-1 resulted in significantly maximum seed yield of 861.70 kg ha-1. Similarly, maximum seed yield of 961.90 kg ha-1 was obtained by applying 85 kg P2O5 ha-1 which was, however, statistically similar to the seed yield of 868.4 kg ha-1 obtained with 60 kg P2O5 ha-1.
  Asghar Ali , M. Asghar Malik , M. Adil Choudhry , M. Khalid and M. Rafique
  In a study conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, during 1996, standard variety Golden out yielded EV-6089 due to more number of grains and 1000-grain weight. Highest grain yield of 6.28 t ha -1 and maximum grain protein content of 10.07% were obtained by applying 230 kg N ha -1.
  Asghar Ali , J.D.H. Keatinge , Sarfraz Ahmed B. Roidar Khan and I.A. Qamar
  To provide an alternative feed source for animals in winter, the study was conducted to develop a suitable, annually sown, cool season, forage legume variety for the arid uplands (>1000m altitude) of Balochistan. Out of 36 experiments, Kohak-96 significantly (P less than 0.05) out-performed the check in 29 and 23 experiments in TDM (total dry matter) and seed yield, respectively, whereas it remained non-significant (P > 0.5) in rest of the experiments. It gave 25-67 per cent TDM and 0-100 per cent seed increase over the check. It gave maximum average TDM (total dry matter) of 6083 kg ha-1 and seed yield 981 kg ha-1 during 1986/87 as compared to 2510 kg ha-1 TDM and 445 kg ha-1 seed yield by the check (local lentil) during 1995/96. The minimum average TDM of 149 and 104 kg ha-1 was given by Kohak-96 and check, respectively, during 1987/88 with spring-planting. At the same time, the minimum seed yield was also obtained from both in the same season and the check could not produce any seed at all indicating the in-appropriateness of planting Kohak-96 in spring in the most dry years. Application of Rhizobium inoculum and 60 kg ha-1 phosphate fertilizer at the time of sowing of Kohak-96 gave significantly (P less than 0.05) higher TDM and seed yield than non-application of these two agronomic inputs. A seed rate of 60 kg ha-1 gave significantly (P less than 0.05) higher TDM and seed yield than other seed rates. Forage production gradually increased from pre-flowering to maturity in Kohak-96 and the check (local barley, used only for grazing studies). Kohak-96 significantly (P less than 0.05) out-performed the local barley in forage production at all phenological stages. The forage intake by sheep was significantly (P less than 0.05) higher for Kohak-96 at the first two stages of growth but less than the check at maturity. The sheep grazing Kohak-96 gained significantly (P less than 0.05) more weight than the sheep grazing barley consistently at all phenological stages. This indicates that sheep could be maintained successfully on Kohak-96, cultivated under rainfed conditions in winter, during forage deficit period without any loss in their body weight and it can also act as winter forage reserve.
  Fouzia Sultana , Imtiaz A. Qamar , M.I. Sultani , Asghar Ali and M. Arshad
  Highest forage yield, protein yield and carrying capacity was recorded in case of elephant followed by mott grass, blue panic grass and sesbania,. Crude protein content was highest sesbania, followed by mott grass, elephant grass and blue panic grass. It was concluded that rangeland can be improved by reseeding with improved varieties of forage grasses and legumes.
  Asghar Ali , Asif Tanveer , M. Adil Choudhry , Rashid Sohail and M.M. Akram
  Studies to evaluate the effect of different planting patterns and seed densities on the growth and yield performance of rice bean were conducted during 1997-98. The planting patterns were 60 cm apart single rows, 90 cm apart double row strips (30/90), 60 cm apart ridge sowing and 90 cm apart bed sowing with seeding densities of 20, 25 and 30 kg ha -1. The results revealed that different growth and yield parameters were significantly influenced by different planting patterns and seed rates. The treatment combination of S2P3 (25 kg ha -1 seed under 60 cm ridge sowing) produced the highest grain yield of 1191.0 kg ha -1 and differed significantly from rest of all the treatment combinations.
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