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Articles by Arbakariya B. Ariff
Total Records ( 4 ) for Arbakariya B. Ariff
  Ramakrishnan Nagasundara Ramanan , Beng Ti Tey , Tau Chuan Ling and Arbakariya B. Ariff
  Problem statement: High pressure Homogenizer was used for cell disruption in many studies. But no work was carried out to study the characteristics of cell disruption in a wide range of pressure. Approach: The characteristics of Escherichia coli cell disruption was studied in Avestin small scale homogenizer by varying the operating pressure (50-1500 bar), cell concentration in the feed (1.39-12.51 g dry cell weight L-1) and number of passes (1-5 passes). Results: It was found that cell concentration between 1.39 g dry cell weight L-1 and 12.51 g dry cell weight L-1 has no effect on cell disruption while the pressure applied and number of passes gave different effects on cell disruption characteristics. In between 100 and 250 bar, the protein release was mainly due to point break. In this case, the variation in cell size was not significant with increasing number of passes and maximum protein release was not achieved even after many numbers of pass. However, selectivity of specific protein (interferon-α2b) was high as it is located predominantly in periplasmic region. In between 1000 and 1500 bar, the maximum protein release, maximum interferon-α2b release and drastic reduction of cell size was observed after the first pass. In subsequent passes, micronization of cell debris was observed but without much variation in protein release. There was no reduction in antigenicity of interferon-α2b even at 1500 bar. At 500 bar, the protein release and reduction of cell size were significantly increased with increasing number of passes. Conclusion: The pressure range for E. coli cell disruption was classified as low pressure range (100-250 bar), transition pressure (500 bar) and high pressure range (1000-1500 bar). The working pressure for the homogenizer could be selected by considering the operating cost and further downstream processing.
  Farliahati Mohd Rusli , Mohd Shamzi Mohamed , Rosfarizan Mohamad , Ni Nyoman Tri Puspaningsih and Arbakariya B. Ariff
  Problem statement: Interest in xylanase enzyme application has markedly increased in pulp and paper processing industries. The switch to xylanase-producing recombinant Escherichia coli DH5α pTP510 is seen here as an economic alternative towards higher productivity and easier downstream purification. Modeling of E. coli DH5α growth and enzyme secretion is thus desired for future optimization in fermentation process. Approach: Kinetics of intracellular xylanase fermentation by a recombinant E. coli DH5α was studied in shake flask culture. The effect of different medium formulations (complex, minimal and defined), initial pH (6.5, 7.0, 7.4 and 8.0) and agitation speeds (150, 200 and 250 rpm) on cell growth and xylanase production were evaluated. Mathematical models based on Logistic and Luedeking-Piret equations had been proposed to describe the microbial growth and xylanase production. Results: Highest xylanase production was obtained in defined medium. Based on medium formulation, the highest cell concentration (4.59 g L-1) and xylanase production (2, 122.5 U mL-1) was obtained when (NH4)2HPO4 was used as the main nitrogen source, with an adjustment of the initial pH to 7.4 and agitation speed of 200 rpm. The maximum specific growth rate (µmax), growth associated xylanase production coefficient (α) and non-growth associated xylanase production coefficient (β) was 0.41 h-1, 474.26 U mg cell-1and 0 U mg cell-1 h-1, respectively. Conclusion: Xylanase production was growth associated process and the enzyme secretion was greatly dependent on cell concentration and the specific growth rate of E. coli DH5α.
  Hii Siew Ling , Tau Chuan Ling , Rosfarizan Mohamad and Arbakariya B. Ariff
  Problem statement: Pullulanase is one of the important enzymes in starch industry. Search for the pullulanase with distinct features, possibly from easily grown bacterium, is of interest for industrial applications Approach: The extracellular pullulanase produced by Bacillus cereus HI.5 was purified by chromatographic method of DEAE-Sepharose, followed by Superdex gel filtration. The enzyme was characterized in terms of the optimal pH and temperature for activity as well as substrate specificity. Results: The enzyme showed optimal activity at 55°C and pH 6.0. The thermostability and the thermoactivity of the enzyme were increased considerably in the presence of Ca2+. In the present of 2 mM Ca2+, the enzyme had half-life duration of more than 2 h at 50°C. Almost all metal ions had a strong inhibitory effect, except Ca2+ and Mn2+. The Ca2+ had a very strong stimulating effect on the enzyme, increasing its activity by 170%. The enzyme was activated by 2-mercaptoethanol and dithiothreitol, where as N-bromosuccinimide and Schardinger dextrins were inhibitors, suggesting that tryptophan and thiol residues may be important for the activity. The apparent Km and Vmax value for pullulan was 1.1 mg mL-1 and 0.275 μmol min-1, respectively. A relative substrate specificity for hydrolysis of pullulan, amylopectin and soluble starch by this pullulanase was 100%, 28.5% and 20.4%, respectively. Conclusion: The enzyme was able to attack specifically the α-1,6 linkages in pullulan to generate maltotriose as the major end product, as well as the α-1,4 linkages in amylopectin and soluble starch leading to the formation of a mixture of maltose and glucose and therefore be classified as a type II pullulanase or an amylopullulanase.
  Pui-Woon Yap , Arbakariya B. Ariff , Kwan-Kit Woo and Siew-Ling Hii
  Production of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) is influenced by the reaction of the CGTase-producing strain towards various types of substrates. Variations in environmental factors such as concentrations of carbon and nitrogen sources possess significant effects on CGTase production. The present study was conducted with the prime purpose to optimise the cultivation medium in enhancing the CGTase production by a locally isolated alkalophilic Bacillus sp. The CGTase fermentation processes were performed in 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks containing 200 mL of production medium with continuous shaking at 200 rpm and 37°C. Optimisation process was conducted by using change-a-factor-at-a-time method. From the study, an indigenous Malaysian carbon source, i.e., sago starch was found capable in improving the CGTase production with the CGTase yield of 18452 U g-1 at 0.1% w/v of starch. In addition to that, by using yeast extract as the sole nitrogen source in the medium, the CGTase excretion by the isolate is greatly enhanced as compared to the basal medium which employed two types of nitrogenous compounds. The optimised growth medium that has been successfully developed for high level of CGTase production by using the locally isolated Bacillus lehensis in 250 mL Erlenmeyer flask is comprised of (% w/v): 0.1% sago starch, 1% yeast extract, 1% sodium carbonate, 0.009% magnesium sulphate and 0.1% di-potassium hydrogen phosphate.
 
 
 
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