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Articles by Arabella Bhutto
Total Records ( 2 ) for Arabella Bhutto
  Nazish Baladi , Arabella Bhutto , Pir Roshan Shah Rashdi and Qazi Muhammad Moinuddin Abro
  Background and Objective: Research is the basic component that facilitates the creation of new knowledge, emergence of new ideas and experimentation of new tools, techniques and methods. Pakistan’s Higher education institutions are continuously struggling to improve their research capacities to compete globally. The objective of this study is to explore the research related practices, adopted by various business institutions globally and find the adoption of these practices in the 5 business institutions in Sindh through structured questionnaire using five point Likert scale. Materials and Methods: Based on similarity of the practices, groups are formed known as criteria and the homogeneity and the heterogeneity of research base practices are analyzed through cluster analysis. Literature reveals various practices to explore this research. This paper selects fifty practices adopted by various business institutions in Sindh. The adoptability of research based practices is analysed through frequency tables. Results: Finding reveals that based on similarity these fifty practices are grouped into nine criteria: Registered patents, University industrial linkages, research grants, travel grants, publication and published papers, PhD output, H-Index, conferences and internet bandwidth (PERN) utilization which has high association with HEC. Frequency tables show that patent and university industrial linkages criteria related practices are very less adopted in the business institutions however practices in respect to conferences, publication, internet bandwidth (PERN) utilization and PhD output are more adopted. Conclusion: Dendrogram shows that three cluster are individually developed in patent, university industry linkages, travel grant, PhD output and two clusters are individually developed in research grants, publication and published journals, H-Index, internet bandwidth (PERN) utilization and conferences. These clusters are similar with themselves and different from others.
  Jagul Huma Lashari , Arabella Bhutto , Pir Roshan Shah Rashdi and Qazi Muhammad Moinuddin Abro
  Background and Objective: Production of research knowledge and its transfer have been shown at increased level of researchers’ interest. However, facts show fewer types of knowledge transfer practices adopted in the developing countries. Materials and Methods: For making empirical evidence available about knowledge transfer practices, this article makes assessment of the transfer practices of academic research of the PhD faculty members of universities offering degrees in field of Environment in Sindh Pakistan. The identified 28 practices of academic knowledge transfer have been grouped together based on their characteristics by making 7 clusters as, publications, networking, mobility of researchers, joint research, intellectual property and co-operations including spin-off companies and sharing of equipment. At the end, comparison between clusters of knowledge transfer practices is presented. Results: According to research findings, publications in terms of research papers in journal, networking and co-operations are found to be common practices of academic knowledge transfer. However, less number of academic knowledge has been transferred through other practices of knowledge transfer such as, Intellectual Property and joint research programs. Conclusion: This article contributes empirical results of academic knowledge transfer practices in universities in field of environment, with some particular policy implications such as, to enhance the production of professional publication, improvement of alumni organizations, industry people engagement in the academic events, enhancement of absorptive capacity of highly qualified graduates, structuring policies and infrastructure to support the commercialization of academic knowledge, favor of academic work in co-operation and development of mechanisms and infrastructure for development of university spin-offs and development of efficient TTOs.
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