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Articles by Anas
Total Records ( 2 ) for Anas
  Dikayani , Anas , Anne Nuraini and Warid Ali Qosim
  Background and Objective: Banana plants are agricultural crops, particularly horticulture, mostly consumed by many people. Banana plants are considerably influenced by biotic and abiotic environmental factors. Stresses caused by abiotic factors, is one of which caused by salinity, will result in decreased production of bananas, because these plants are very sensitive to salinity. This study aimed to investigate the response of banana plants to salinity stresses in vitro culture. Materials and Methods: Explants of banana Musa acuminate L. var. Barangan and basic medium murashige and skoog, benzyl amino purine, sugar, jelly, NaOH, HCl were used. Statistic analyzed with analysis of variance and Duncan test. The experimental design used was randomize complete design with two factors, factor I: Sodium chloride (NaCl) treatments of various concentrations, i.e., 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM and factor II: Time after culture, in 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after culture. Observations over growth parameters were performed on height, wet weight and dry weight of banana plantlets at 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after cultures. Statistical analysis was done by one way analysis of variance. Results: The statistical analysis showed no significant differences in the plant height, salinity inhibits the growth of banana plantlets in term of the parameters of height, wet weight of shoots and roots, dry weight of shoots and roots of the banana plantlets. A treatment of 200 mM NaCl indicated that plantlet growth is inhibited in term of height (2.6500 cm), wet weight of shoots (0.0917 g) and roots (0.1957 g) and dry weight of shoots (0.0096 g) and roots of banana plantlets (0.02009 g). Conclusion: Plant growth in saline stressed concentration of NaCl 50, 100 and 150 mM.
  Dikayani , Anas , Anne Nuraini and Warid Ali Qosim
  Background and Objective: Quality banana fruit is significantly related with number and type of metabolite produce. Metabolite production of Musa acuminata L. is effected by abiotic factors such as salinity. So the purpose of this research was to study the effect of plant response under salinity stress and also identified the chemical compound especially phenolic compound. Materials and Methods: Explants used in this research were shoot of Musa acuminata L., Murashige and Skoog medium, Benzyl amino purine, sugar, agar, sodium chloride. The research was conducted in two stages; stage (1): Developing in vitro culture of shoot of Musa acuminata L. with NaCl treatment i.e., 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM concentration, stage (2): Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) analysis on the shoot of in vitro banana plantlets. Results: The findings of this study showed that compound content of shoot of banana plantlets were Amine, Ester, Propane, Keton, Alkohol, Phenol, Methyl, Acid and it was observed that Ester (27.515%) was the highest detected compound. Conclusion: It is concluded that the salinity had affected the plant growth. The analysis showed that the highest compound content of Musa acuminate L. Barangan cultivar was Ester and Phenols.
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