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Articles by Ana P. Pinto
Total Records ( 3 ) for Ana P. Pinto
  Ana P. Pinto , Ana S. Alves , Antonio J. Candeias , Ana I. Cardoso , Amarilis de Varennes , Luisa L. Martins , Miguel P. Mourato , Maria L. S. Goncalves and Ana M. Mota
  Remediation of sites contaminated with heavy metals using hyperaccumulators seems a promising alternative to engineering approaches. In this work, we compared cadmium (Cd) accumulation and tolerance (based on responses to oxidative stress) in three different species, Brassica juncea (L.) Czern, Nicotiana tabacum L. and Solanum nigrum L., described in the literature as very tolerant or even as hyperaccumulators. The plants were grown in soil spiked with different Cd concentrations (0 - 35 mg kg-1) over a period of 90 days.

The translocation factor (TF), used to measure the effectiveness to translocate Cd from roots to shoots, depended greatly on the species. N. tabacum was the plant which exhibited the highest TF values. It was the only plant under study that fulfilled the conditions of a hyperaccumulator for all levels of soil contamination. On the other hand, S. nigrum presented the highest Cd concentration in plant tissues, with TF >1 in the presence of 5 mg Cd kg-1 of soil. Although B. juncea had presented the lowest TF and Cd concentrations, it was the only plant with TF values increasing with the level of cadmium.

Oxidative stress in plants was evaluated by lipid peroxidation and activities of catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), both in roots and shoots. A significant enhancement (versus control) on lipid peroxidation and enzymatic activity of CAT and APX in shoots of B. juncea, N. tabacum and S. nigrum was observed for the highest levels of Cd in soil, 15 and/or 35 mg Cd kg-1. B. juncea presented the most sensitive response of GPX, for all levels of Cd in soil. Lipid peroxidation and CAT activity were greater in shoots than in roots for all plants and soil Cd concentrations. SOD activity did not present consistent trends for any plant.
  Ana V. Dordio , Patricia Goncalves , Dora Texeira , Antonio Jose Candeias , Jose Eduardo Castanheiro , Ana P. Pinto and A.J. Palace Carvalho
  Biosorbents have been recently gaining importance, with an increasing number of publications on their environmental applications, especially for removal of organic pollutants from aqueous media. The aim of this work was to evaluate the sorption capacity of a biosorbent, namely granulated cork, to remove mixtures of ibuprofen (IB), carbamazepine (CB) and clofibric acid (CA) from water and wastewater. High removal efficiencies were attained for IB and CB while a less satisfactory performance was observed for CA. Simultaneous removal of the three compounds mixed in the same aqueous solution showed no significant differences in comparison to the removal of the isolated compounds in separate solutions, which indicates that no competitive sorption effects occurred at the highest concentrations tested. On the other hand, in wastewater medium the mixture of pharmaceuticals underwent a decrease in the sorbed amounts of all the three substances, probably due to the presence of dissolved organic matter which increases their solubilities. These compounds were removed in the following order of efficiencies in all the tested conditions: IB > CB > CA. The sorption kinetics were characterised by an initial fast step within the first 6 h, during which most of the removed pharmaceuticals amounts were sorbed. After the first 6 h, CA attained equilibrium concentrations whereas the sorption kinetics for IB and CB were characterised by two pseudo-second order stages, the first one up to 48 h and a slower one beyond 48 h. Shorter equilibration times and larger removed amounts of pharmaceuticals per unit weight of sorbent were observed in this study for granulated cork in comparison with a previously studied clay material (LECA). The results of this study showed the sorptive qualities of granulated cork but are only a first step in the evaluation of this material for use as support matrix in constructed wetlands designed for removal of pharmaceuticals from wastewaters.
  Ana Dordio , Raquel Ferro , Dora Teixeira , Alfredo J. Palace , Ana P. Pinto and Cristina M.B. Dias
  Several studies on phytotoxic effects caused by organic xenobiotics and their removal from water by macrophytes have already been performed to evaluate the usefulness of these plants for phytoremediation technologies. In this context, a study was conducted to assess Typha spp.′s ability to withstand and remove, from water, the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen. For an initial ibuprofen concentration of 20 μg L−1, Typha removed nearly 60% of it within the first 24 h, attaining over 99% removal by the end of the assay (21 days). Exposure to higher ibuprofen concentrations did affect Typha′s growth but, by the end of the assays, plants’ growth as well as photosynthetic pigments approached normal values. An alteration in antioxidant enzymes activities (superoxide dismutase, catalase, guaiacol peroxidase) indicated that both roots and leaves were affected by the xenobiotic. Eventually, Typha seemed able to cope with ibuprofen′s induced oxidative damage suggesting its ability for phytotreatment of waters contaminated with ibuprofen.
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