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Articles by Ali Khomsan
Total Records ( 12 ) for Ali Khomsan
  Betty Yosephin , Ali Khomsan , Dodik Briawan and Rimbawan
  Obesity lead to serious health consequences. Risk increases progressively as BMI increases to contributes an increased risk for chronic disease, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. The prevalence of obesity has increased in Indonesia. The cross sectional study was applied to 47 obese group and 97 normal weight women worker. We compared the lipid profiles and blood pressure of obese worker women (n = 47, mean age 38.89) to those with a normal weight (n = 97, mean age 37.09). The average body mass index was 30.13 kg/m2 in the obese and 22.99 kg/m2 in the normal group. Ratio LDL-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol in obese group 2.62 ±1.03 higher than normal group 1.87±0.61. The obese group had significantly higher levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, lower levels of HDL-cholesterol and higher blood pressure compared to the normal group. Obesity in worker women is associated with disturbances in lipid metabolism and a greater risk for cardiovascular disease.
  Ali Rosid , Ali Khomsan , Budi Setiawan , Hadi Riyadi and Dodik Briawan
  Temulawak has a role as antioxidant to prevent oxidative stress. This study aimed to assess the effect of temulawak extract on the MDA level (Malondialdehyde) of athletes. The double blind control trials were used, conducted on thirty five football athletes aged 14-18 years of Student Education and Exercise Center. The students were grouped and each received one of five different treatments for 21 days as follows: capsules of temulawak extract which contain of (1) curcumin of 250 mg (2) curcumin of 500 mg (3) curcumin of 750 mg, (4) capsule of multivitamin and mineral (which contain 5000 IU of beta carotene, 200 IU of vitamin E, 500 mg of vitamin C, Zn of 15 mg, selenium of 50 mcg) and (5) placebo, which received a capsule contain of cellulose (avizel). The characteristics of samples of five treatments were not significantly different (p>0.05). Before intervention were no significantly different on mean of MDA and SOD in five treatment groups (p>0.05). After intervention, the MDA level in all groups were decreased, except in placebo group. ANOVA test showed that there were mean differences of MDA level on five groups of interventions (p<0.05). ANCOVA test showed that mean reduction of MDA level on placebo group were significantly different with group received capsules which contain curcumin of 250, 500 and 750 mg/day and MVM (p<0.05). Temulawak extract had capability to reduce MDA level, significantly. The highest reduction of MDA level was done by administration of temulawak extract which contain curcumin 750 mg.
  Dewi Kartika Sari , Sri Anna Marliyati , Lilik Kustiyah and Ali Khomsan
  This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of administering biscuits enriched with albumin protein from snakehead fish, zinc and iron on immune response of under five children. This was pre-post, single blind, randomized control trial conducted in twenty eight preschool children aged 4-5 year attending Early Childhood Education (PAUD) in Pilar village, sub-district of Semplak, Bogor Regency, West Java. The children were randomly assigned to experimental group which receive biscuit with protein source from snakehead fish flour fortified with zinc and iron and control group which receive biscuit with protein source from milk. Both biscuits had a similar on protein and energy content of 13.34% and 503 kcal, respectively. A 60 g biscuits per day was consumed by the children for 56 days. Results showed that experimental biscuits (biscuits sourced snakehead fish protein) had a higher contribution on energy, protein, Zn and Fe than a control biscuits (biscuits sourced milk protein). Fish biscuit contribution to energy was 14.64% RDA, protein was 14.75% RDA, Zn was 53.52% RDA and Fe was 39.26% RDA. Milk biscuit contribution to energy was 9.40% RDA and protein was 4.29% RDA, Zn was 3.27% RDA and Fe was 5.80% RDA. T-test result showed that milk biscuit group was significantly different (p<0.05) than fish biscuit group on nutrient intakes and contribution to energy, protein, Zn and Fe RDA. Immunoglobulin (IgG) mean increase at the end of the study in fish biscuit group was higher, which was 0.88±0.58 mg/mL compared to milk biscuit group which was decreased by -60.31±81.76 mg/mL. Increase of albumin mean at the end of the study in fish biscuit group was higher, which was 0.48±0.32 g/dL compared to milk biscuit group which was 0.05±0.13 g/dL. T-test result showed that IgG and albumin difference in fish biscuit group was significantly (p<0.05) than milk biscuit group.
  Annisa Rizkiriani , Ali Khomsan and Hadi Riyadi
  Hypertension has been demonstrated in several populations to have a positive correlation with obesity. Persistent hypertension in adolescents is often predictive of future hypertension in adults, cardiovascular disease and early death. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and the associated risk of hypertension among adolescents in Jakarta, Indonesia. The cross sectional study was conducted to 213 adolescents. Weight, height and blood pressure were measured using standard methods. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and categorized by age and sex. The prevalences of normal and obese among the adolescents were 69.0 and 6.1%, respectively. The prevalences of hypertensive range systolic blood pressure among the adolescents categorized as normal and obese were 42.2 and 76.9%, respectively and those of hypertensive range diastolic blood pressure among the normal and obese ones were 21.1 and 38.5%, respectively. Pearson’s correlation analyses between BMI for age and systolic blood pressure (r = 0.310; p = 0.000) and between BMI for age and diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.168; p = 0.014) demonstrated positive correlations. The sufficiency levels of energy, protein and carbohydrate had a significant association with the systolic blood pressure. The sufficiency levels of energy and carbohydrate were significantly associated with the diastolic blood pressure. The determinant factors of the systolic blood pressure were the sufficiency levels of calcium, protein, iron and carbohydrate and those of the diastolic blood pressure were the sufficiency levels of energy and carbohydrate. A long-term follow up of hypertension in adolescents into adulthood is recommended.
  Budi Setiawan , Ima Karimah and Ali Khomsan
  Sedentary lifestyle in children caused low physical activity and increase incident of overweight and obesity. Low physical activity leads to physical fitness decline. The objective of this study was to analyze differences of physical fitness in normal and overweight elementary school children. This study was conducted on 108 children as subjects. They were on the fifth grade of elementary school, consisted of normal and overweight student. Physical fitness was measured by some physical tests, i.e., 40 meters sprint, pull up, sit up, jump up and 600 meters run. The result showed that physical fitness of normal and overweight children were significantly different (p<0.05). The average physical fitness score of normal children (13.4±2.1) was higher than overweight children (10.9±1.7). The speed, muscle endurance, explosive muscle power and cardiovascular endurance of normal children were significantly different from overweight children (p<0.05). Nutritional status significantly influenced physical fitness of elementary school children (p<0.05).
  Rian Diana , Ali Khomsan , Dadang Sukandar and Hadi Riyadi
  This study aimed to determine whether the household vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake at household level improve with a home gardening utilization and nutritional extension program. Quasi experimental nonequivalent groups design. The study was conducted in Sukajadi village as a control group and Sukajaya village as the intervention group, Tamansari Subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java, Indonesia with demographic characteristics of rural areas on December 2011-June 2013. Mothers toddlers in control group 31 mothers and intervention group 30 mothers. Vegetable consumption and dietary intake of vitamin A was measured by food recall method 2×24 h. Nutrition knowledge of the intervention group was increased 12.3 point after the nutrition extension were given (p<0.001). Vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake in both groups was still below the WHO recommendation. The increased of vegetable consumption in control and intervention group was 12.5 and 18 g/cap/day, respectively. The increased of vitamin A intake in control and intervention group was 18.1 and 4 RE, respectively. Although the consumption of vegetable and intake of vitamin A slightly increased compared to baseline data, however the difference was not significant. There was a positive impact of nutritional extension program on nutrition knowledge, but the home gardening utilization and nutritional extension program not significantly improved vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake at household level in Tamansari Subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java, Indonesia.
  Ali Khomsan , Merita , Faisal Anwar , Dadang Sukandar , Hadi Riyadi , Tin Herawati , Anna Fatchiya , Mira Dewi , Siti Madanijah and Hidayat Syarief
  The success of an Integrated Service Post (Posyandu) program can be seen by its service quality. However, there are not many studies that analyze the impacts of nutritional education on the service quality of posyandus and the sustainability of the nutritional education program at posyandus. Thus, the objectives of this study were to analyze the posyandu cadre’s perception and to see the impact of nutritional education on the service quality at the posyandus. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental one. It was conducted from January 2012 to September 2013. Four villages in Bogor, West Java were selected as the research locations. The subjects were the posyandu cadres and the toddlers’ mothers in the posyandus. The results showed that counseling and supplemental feeding needed to be improved at the posyandus. The nutritional education had a significant effect to the service quality of the posyandus (p<0.05). After the follow-up, there was a decline in the satisfaction level of the toddlers’ mothers but that was still better than at the baseline. This means that, the nutritional education and provision of the facilities are sustainable and able to improve the service quality of the posyandus when continuously given by the cadres.

  Andi Eka Yunianto , Ali Khomsan , Cesilia Meti Dwiriani and Naufal Muharam Nurdin
  The objectives of this study were to: analyze the association between nutrition knowledge and nutritional status with blood glucose status in rural areas. The design of this study was cross-sectional and this study was conducted on 84 people aged 45-59 years from 42 households in Cisalak Village, Cibeber Sub-district, Cianjur District. The result showed that there was no significant difference in the blood glucose status between rural men and women. All participants had low nutrition knowledge. The nutritional status were normal in men and women. Waist circumference (OR = 3.280; 95% CI: 1.093-9.843) and visceral fat (OR = 2.882; 95% CI: 0.983-8.455) were significantly related to blood glucose status. This implied that nutrition education on the importance of maintaining a normal weight needed to be done to avoid the risks and complications due to high blood sugar status. Socialization to general public was also needed, particularly about the importance of maintaining body weight by adopting healthy lifestyle such as not smoking, regular exercise and lessening the consumption of sweet food or sugar-sweetened beverages, in order to maintain blood glucose status.
  Ali Rosidi , Ali Khomsan , Budi Setiawan , Hadi Riyadi and Dodik Briawan
  Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza roxb) is a medicinal plant of the Zingiberaceae family. It grows in Indonesia and is used as a raw material for Indonesian traditional medicine. Temulawak is known to have many benefits, including being a potential antioxidant. The active component that is responsible for antioxidant activity in temulawak is curcumin. This study aims to analyze the potential of temulawak rhizome as an antioxidant. The raw materials used were obtained from temulawak rhizome farmers in Purworejo, Central Java. Extraction was performed using the liquid-liquid extraction method developed by PT Javaplant. Proximate analysis was performed and the antioxidant properties and curcumin level were measured. The antioxidant properties were measured using the DPPH method, whereas curcumin levels were measured using HPLC. The data obtained were processed and analyzed using SPSS and presented in the descriptive form. The curcumin and yield contents of the sample were 27.19 and 1.02%, respectively. The antioxidant capacity of temulawak (IC50) was 87.01 ppm. The Temulawak extract exhibited antioxidant activity that was classified as active and is therefore considered to be a good natural antioxidant.
  Nurul Muslihah , Ali Khomsan , Dodik Briawan and Hadi Riyadi
  The first of 1000 days of life have been considered critical time for child growth and development. The purpose of this study was to compare the achievement of gross motor development and early social and language milestones among infants who received SQ-LNS (small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements), biscuits, or no intervention. A 6-month, non-randomized, controlled trial was performed among 220 infants who received 20 g of LNS (n = 70) or a 30 g of biscuit (n = 79) or who were controls with no intervention (n = 53). The percentage of children able to perform hand and knees crawling was significantly higher in the LNS group (100%) than in the control group (94.8%) after 3 months of the intervention. After 6 months of the intervention, the percentage of children able to walk alone was significantly higher in the LNS group (55.7%) than in the control group (37.7%) and the biscuit group (36.7%). Compared with children in the control group, the odds ratio (95% CI) of walking alone in the LNS group was 2.03 greater and significantly different (OR 2.03; 95% CI 1.03; 4.30, p = 0.040). There was no significance difference in the percentage of children able to say a single comprehensible word and to wave goodbye among the study groups. There was no significant difference in the percentage of children able to drink from a cup among three study groups (control group 69.8%, LNS group 82.9%, biscuit group 73.4%, p>0.05). The percentage of children able to eat alone in the control group (81.1%) was lower and significantly different compared to the LNS group (98.6%) and the biscuit group (98.7%). Smallquantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for six months had positive effects on the achievement of selected gross motor development skills during childhood in rural Indonesia.
  Cica Yulia , Ali Khomsan , Dadang Sukandar and Hadi Riyadi
  Background and Objective: Nutritional status could affect schoolchildren’s health and cognitive function, which may then influence their learning achievement. Overweight and obesity are common nutritional problems in schoolchildren and can negatively affect their health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the nutritional status, lipid profile and blood pressure of primary schoolchildren in urban areas of West Java, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design. The total sample in this study included 95 fifth grade students at public elementary schools in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc least significant difference (LSD) tests was conducted to analyze the differences between groups using IBM SPSS Ver 22.0 software. Results: Overall, 28.4% (27 people), 32.6% (31 people) and 38.9% (37 people) of the schoolchildren were in the normal, overweight and obese nutritional status groups, respectively. The average levels of blood parameters were 171.4±33.7 mg dL–1 for total cholesterol, 126.1±66.1 mg dL–1 for triglycerides, 111.1±33.8 mg dL–1 for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and 49.2±9.8 mg dL–1 for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The average systolic blood pressure was 107.3±12.3 mmHg, while the average diastolic blood pressure was 69.8±11.0 mmHg. HDL-C and systolic blood pressure differed significantly in normal nutritional status, overweight and obese children (p<0.05).Conclusion:Triglycerides, HDL-C and blood pressure differed among schoolchildren with normal nutritional status, overweight and obesity.
  Risti Kurnia Dewi , Ali Khomsan , Hadi Riyadi and Rian Diana
  Background and Objective: It is important for pregnant women to have a good quality diet since it affects their nutritional status and that of the fetus. The present study analyzed the correlation between dietary quality and nutritional status of pregnant women in Sumenep Regency, Madura Island, Indonesia. Methodology: The present cross-sectional study assessed the nutritional status and the dietary quality of 145 pregnant women aged 18-49 years living in Sumenep Regency. The nutritional status was analyzed based on Gestational Weight Gain (GWG). Alternate Healthy Eating Index for Pregnancy (AHEI-P) and Indonesian-adapted AHEI-P was used to analyze the dietary quality. A validity test was conducted on both AHEI-Ps by analyzing the Pearson correlation coefficient. Pearson analysis was also used to analyze correlations between dietary quality and GWG. Results: The result showed 62.15% of subjects had inadequate Gestational Weight Gain (GWG). Validity testing of the adapted AHEI-P showed a higher validity score compared to the unadapted version (0.804 versus 0.783). According to both AHEI-P analyses, the dietary quality of most subjects needed improvement. Subjects whose GWGs were inadequate had the lowest mean score for both AHEI-Ps but no significant correlation (p>0.05) was found between GWG and either AHEI-P. Conclusion: Overall, subjects needed to improve their dietary quality. Although AHEI-P scores increased with improvements in GWG, no significant correlations were found.
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