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Articles by Alain Devaux
Total Records ( 2 ) for Alain Devaux
  Esterine Evrard , Alain Devaux , Sylvie Bony , Thierry Burgeot , Ricardo Riso , Helene Budzinski , Marie Le Du , Louis Quiniou and Jean Laroche
  European flounder responses to the chemical stress were assessed by a comparative approach on four estuaries displaying contrasted patterns of contamination. The contamination typology of the estuaries was investigated by individual measurements of contaminants in fish. Molecular and physiological responses were studied by gene expression, genotoxicity, neurotoxicity and growth rate. Fishes in contaminated estuaries were characterized by high levels of bioaccumulated contaminants, slow energetic metabolism and reduced growth rate, in contrast to the fish responses in the reference site. A seasonal effect was highlighted for contaminated flounder populations, with high PCB levels, high genotoxicity and elevated detoxification rate in summer compared with winter.
  Sylvie Bony , Isabelle Gaillard and Alain Devaux
  This study deals with the use of a chronic exposure scenario of zebrafish (Danio rerio) in laboratory conditions to evaluate the genotoxic potential of diuron and azoxystrobin, two pesticides intensively used in vineyard agriculture. Adult male zebrafish were exposed during three weeks in the semi static mode in four 20 L aquaria. Treatment allowed to each aquarium was: negative control (untreated), positive control (methyl methane sulphonate 1 µM), diuron 4.3 nM and azoxystrobin 1.2 nM. Once per week, genotoxicity was assessed (6 fish/treatment) by the use of two complementary biomarkers: the primary DNA damages evaluated in somatic (liver) and germ (spermatozoa) cells by the alkaline version of the Comet assay and the micronucleus formation assessed in erythrocytes. Very low basal DNA damages were obtained with both biomarkers in negative control during the three consecutive weeks and a significant genotoxic response was obtained in 1 µM MMS exposed fish, both in liver and germ cells with the Comet assay and in erythrocytes with the micronucleus test, respectively starting after one and three weeks. With this chronic exposure scenario, both diuron and azoxystrobine revealed a genotoxic potential at realistic environmental concentrations and a significant response was obtained in all cell types investigated and with both biomarkers used, mainly after 7 or 14 days, thus stressing the interest of long-term exposure scenario. Further studies will be undertaken in order to evaluate whether DNA damage observed in spermatozoa of fish exposed to environmental concentration of pesticides could lead to subsequent reproductive disorders.
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