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Articles by Akrum M.M. Hamdy
Total Records ( 2 ) for Akrum M.M. Hamdy
  Hassan A. Khalil , Mohamed A. Yaseen and Akrum M.M. Hamdy
  This study was conducted to investigate the effect of acute short term heat exposure on behavioral activities, physiological body reactions, hematological parameters and hormonal profiles of New Zealand White (NZW) and Baladi Red (BR) bucks. Twenty male NZW and BR bucks were divided into two groups; natural winter climate of 19±1°C and 55±5%, Relative Humidity (RH) (control group) and the bucks in the other group were exposed to short term heat stress for 1 h at 37±0.5°C and 20±2% RH. The results indicated that, heat stress decreased (p≤0.001) standing and walking behavior and increased (p≤0.001) sitting behavior compared with these recorded under control temperature. Moreover, Respiration Rate (RR), Rectal Temperatures (RT) and Time of Sexual Libido (TSL) were significantly increased (p≤0.001) following stress. Concentration of plasma testosterone and T3 were significantly reduced (p≤0.001) and cortisol were significantly increased after submission to stress. The RBCs, WBCs, Hb, PCV values were insignificantly reduced and lymphocyte was significantly reduced after stress. In contrast, neutrophils, Neutrophils/Lymphocytes (N/L) ratio were increased (p≤0.05) and monocytes were insignificantly increased after the end of heat stress. On the other hand, breeds of rabbit had significant effects on most of the studied traits, especially after heat exposure. The BR bucks were significantly superior; RBCs, WBCs, neutrophils, N/L ratio and monocytes than those recorded in NZW bucks after heat stress. Also, plasma concentration of testosterone were significantly higher but cortisol and T3 were significantly lower (p≤0.05) in BR bucks than those estimated in NZW bucks. Moreover, BR bucks had insignificantly higher walking and lower standing behavior than those recorded in NZW bucks. Also, RR was significantly higher (p≤0.001), but RT and TSL were significantly lower (p≤0.001) in BR bucks than those recorded in the NZW bucks. Furthermore, the results showed that there were prevalent significant (p≤0.05) negative correlation between plasma level of cortisol and each of plasma level of testosterone, RBCs, WBCs counts, standing and walking behavior and significant (p≤0.001) positive with RR, RT, TSL and time of sitting behavior. Current results explained that acute short term heat stress, negatively affected of internal environment of rabbit bucks which were reflected in their performance. Also, behavioral traits, sexual libido, hematological parameters and hormonal profile in BR bucks seem to be better than those recorded by NZW bucks after exposed heat stress, which may be explained, why BR breed had more tolerate to heat stress compared to exotic breeds.
  Hassan A. Khalil , Ahmad M. Hanafy and Akrum M.M. Hamdy
  This study was designed to evaluate the effects of different artificial light intensity; 10, 50, 250, 500 lux and natural day light (NDL, average 375 lux) from 3-18 week of age on behavioral activities, plumage conditions, productive and physiological traits for grower and layer of Japanese quail. A total of 270 Japanese quails chicks (3 week old) were randomly assigned to five treatment groups according to different light intensities. The results showed that the birds subjected at NDL and 250 lux spent significantly more time standing than those recorded in 50 and 500 lux groups. Also, birds kept at 500 lux spent significantly more time walking compared with other groups. The lowest plumage deterioration was detected in birds kept under NDL compared with other experimental groups. The heavier body weight (p≤0.05) at 6 weeks and weight gain from 3-6 weeks were detected for birds reared at NDL and 250 lux compared with 500 lux and did not significant with the rest of the experimental groups. While, Hen Day Egg Production (HDEP) and Total Egg Mass (TEM) were linearly increased beginning of 50 lux with increasing light intensity. Fertility percentage was significantly higher in 250 lux group than in 50 lux and was not significant with the other groups. Hatchability percentage was significantly decreased in 10 lux group compared with the other groups. Serum level of T3 was decreased linearly with increasing light intensity. Birds kept at 500 lux had reduced overall number of Ovarian Yellow Follicle (OYF), relative weight of ovaries and testes and cloacal gland area compared with the other groups. From our results, it could be concluded that neither high light intensity (500 lux) nor low light intensity (10 lux) had a positive effect on most traits. Therefore, to maximize productive, reproductive parameters and increase revenue economic may be by using moderate artificial light intensity if we used closed-side housing system or NDL if we used open side housing system for production of Japanese quail.
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