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Articles by Ahmed Latigui
Total Records ( 5 ) for Ahmed Latigui
  Ahmed Latigui , Aek Zerarka , Abdelhadi Kasmi , Kamel Mettai and Ouafia Braik
  In order to study the physical and chemical characteristic of 4 horticultural substrates and their behavior on strawberry plant cultivated in inert media, a study was carried during 2009 to 2010. Four substrates were tested in this experiment. They were composed by the byproduct oil cake and the vermiculite with the proportions [100:0], [90:10], [80:20] and [70:30] for T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively. In the laboratory, the physical and chemical properties of these 4 blends are studied. In the greenhouse, their behavior on strawberry crop based on pH drainage evolution after each fertigation are controlled. The first supports compounded by 100% of oil cake and the second compounded by 90% of oil cake and 10% of vermiculite had the best physical and chemical characteristics: air filled porosity, percentage of drainage, moisture content, bulk density, pH and Electrical Conductivity (EC). The monitoring of fertigation, by the pH drainage evolution, from 1 to 14 May; period of high photosynthetic activity, shows that the behaviour of the mixtures T1 [100:0] and T2 [90:20] on the strawberry plant, grown in inert media, gave good conditions to uptake the nutrients and relatively optimized, the growth of strawberry plant.
  Abdelhadi Kasmi , Ahmed Latigui , Kamel Metai , Belgacem Sahli and Aek Dilem
  The use of different waste materials, Sewage Sludge (SS), Palm Fiber (PF) and Topsoil (TS) as substrates in the production vegetable plants were studied with a special interest on the suitability of palm fiber as growing substrate plants. It was composted during 60 days at equal volume (1:1) with SS. The five substrate mixtures were, T1 = 50% (SS and PF)+50% TS, T2 = 35% (SS and PF)+65% TS, T3 = 25% (SS and PF)+75% TS, T4 = 20% (SS and PF)+80% TS and T5 = 15% (SS and PF)+85% TS. The plant species tested were Lycopersicum esculentum and Cucumis melo. Electritical conductivity and pH substrate were periodically tested along the experiment. The mixture of T1 represented the most convenient substrate to use for L. esculentum regarding the other treatments. For C. melo, the mixtures of T1 and T2 gave the best relative performances. Therefore, it is important to consider the use of sewage sludge and palm fiber can influence positively the physico-chemical properties of horticultural substrate.
  Zineb Regagba , Jong Myung Choi , Amina Latigui , Khalladi Mederbal and Ahmed Latigui
  The effect of the variation of Mg concentration (MgC) 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 6 meq.L-1 in the Nutrient Solution (NS) on strawberry (Fragaria×ananassa Duch.) “Seolhyang” growth was evaluated at 120 days after transplantation of runners. The effect of Mg-deficiency, first seen by the appearance of necrosis in the old leaves. On young leaves a spotted brown or brown area developed on the interveinal area with spotted marginal browning or marginal necrosis. The greatest application of 6 meq.L-1 of Mg in NS caused a reduction in pigmentation and suppressed plant growth severely. The MgC 2 meq.L-1 resulted in the relatively highest vegetative growth with a favorable Electrical Conductivity (EC) and pH, for a better growth and nutrients uptake. The Dry Weight (DW) and Fresh Weight (FW) were weakly correlated with variation of MgC (R2 = 0.024 and 0.16, respectively). The response to the variation of MgC on the EC and pH were also, weakly correlated (R2 = 0.15 and 0.21, respectively). The MgC 2 meq.L-1compounded initially by 5 K+, 5 Ca2+ 2 Mg2+, 1 Na+, 10 NO3-, 2SO42, 1 H2PO4- with a pH 6.5, EC =2.2 dS m-1, K+/(Ca2++Mg2+) = 0.71 and Σcations = Σanions (13 meq.L-1) was improved by decreasing a pH, by adding NH4+ in NS and by adjusting the ratio cited to around 0.61. Depending of the results of this study, the new solution improved is compounded by 5 Ca2+, 4.5 K+, 2.3 Mg2+, 2.5 NH4+, 5 NO3-, 2.3SO42- and 1 H2PO4-with Σcations = Σcations (14.3 meq.L-1), a pH6 and EC = 2.3 dS m-1.
  Ahmed Adda , Zineb Regagba , Ahmed Latigui and Othmane Merah
  The influence of different treatments of NaCl (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM) on water uptake, α-amylase activity, total soluble sugars, germinationand root length of two bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars (Cocorose, Djadida) were studied during germination. Increase in NaCl stress reduced moderately seed’s water uptake. The effect of salinity on α-amylase activity depends on the concentration of NaCl. This activity increased with time (48 and 72 h) at lower stress salinity (50 and 100 mM NaCl) and decreased when salt concentration reached 150 mM. However, soluble sugars content augmented significantly inducing therefore, a significant decrease in the osmotic potential of bean seeds during germination. Nevertheless, lower concentrations of NaCl (50 and 100 mM) did not affect the rate of seed germination. In contrast, this trait was significantly reduced at 150 and 200 mM NaCl. Radicle length growth was the most affected parameter by salinity treatment. These results suggest that for both treatment of 50 and 100 mM NaCl, seed germination was not affected by salinity and the α-amylase activity was increased. At 150 and 200 mM NaCl these traits were markedly affected. Moreover, increasing concentrations of NaCl in the medium was accompanied by an increase of the soluble sugar contents in bean seeds which lead to decrease their osmotic potential.
  Ahmed Latigui , Jong Myung Choi , Zineb Regagba , Daniella Meyer Allevato and Amina Latigui
  The Co-Compostage (CC) of Palm (Poenix dactylifera L.) Fiber (PF) and Sewage Sludge (SS) at volume rate (1PF/1SS), mixed with Top Soil (TS) have been used as a substrate for cucumber cultivated in soilless crop system. Five substrates with volume ratio T (CC-TS) were tested: T (10-0), T (9-1), T (8-2), T (7-3) and T (6-4). They were compared to peat in nursery and to TS in Cucumis sativus L. crop production. Total porosity, bulk density, moisture content, rate of drainage, pH and electritical conductivity of T (8-2) and T (7-3) were relatively favorable for plant growth. After 45 days of growth and in comparison to peat, T (9-1), T (8-2) and T (7-3) gave the best parameters of root development: volume, architecture, length, number, best seedling growth and a positive correlation (R = 0.751) between root and shoot dry matter. After 120 days, cucumber attained the best root development under T (8-2) and T (7-3). Fruits production of these substrates was 40% higher than those of the control.
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