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Articles by Ahmed A.M.
Total Records ( 8 ) for Ahmed A.M.
  Ahmed A.M. , Elawod A.M.A. and Saeed O.K.
  Not available
  Kheir M.M. , Ahmed A.M. and Elsarrag A.A.
  We studied 45 adult patients with untreated lepromatous leprosy and borderline leprosy, presenting at clinics in Khartoum and Omdurman, to assess clinical and biochemical effects of the disease on thyroid function. A matching control group of 30 subjects, without symptoms or signs of thyroid disease, were included for comparison. Thyroxine, triiodothyronine and thyrotrophin levels were within normal range. Mean serum thyroxine was low in both groups [significant in lepromatous leprosy patients only]. Mean serum triiodothyronine was high in both groups [significant in neither group]. Mean thyrotrophin was significantly higher in both groups compared with controls.
  Ahmed A.M. and El Mardi A.E.
  To investigate domestic violence in the Sudanese family, we studied 394 literate, married women attending the Arda Medical Centre, Omdurman, from October 2001 to February 2002. Through self-administered questionnaires, the women provided data on sociodemographic characteristics and abuse by the husb and. Abuse was reported by 164 women [41.6%], who suffered 525 violent episodes in the previous year, classified into controlling behaviour [194], threatening behaviour [169] and physical violence [162]. Frequency of violent episodes varied from 1 [25%] to > 6 [20.7%]. Violence during pregnancy was reported by 27 women [16.5%]. Provoking events included suspicion of illicit relations, talking back and inadequate home care. Common reactions reported by the women included staying quiet, crying and resistance.
  Ahmed A.M. and Ahmed N.H.
  The first description of thyroid diseases as they are known today was that of Graves disease by Caleb Parry in 1786, but the pathogenesis of thyroid disease was not discovered until 1882-86. Thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism was first performed in 1880, and antithyroid drugs and radioiodine therapy were developed in the early 1940s. Thomas Curling first described hyopothyroidism [myxoedema] in 1850 and the cause and suitable treatment were established after 1883. This paper reviews the main l and marks in the history of thyroid disease, supplemented by a brief discussion of the historically relevant scientific aspects of the thyroid gl and, and the evolution of endocrinology as a formal discipline.
  Ahmed A.M. , Yousif E. and Abdalla M.E.
  Patterns of use of the Internet were investigated by a questionnaire survey of 102 hospital doctors and 123 medical students in Khartoum, Sudan, in January 2005. More doctors [84.3%] had used the Internet than had students [78.9%]. Half of consultants [55.0%] used the Internet daily, compared with only 18.2% of junior doctors. Many consultants and junior doctors rated their abilities as poor [60.0% and 53.1%]. One-third of students [33.3%] used the Internet only for personal and not for academic purposes. Barriers to greater use of the Internet by doctors included: time constraints [80.2%], poor skills [54.6%], no access to full texts of journal articles [53.4%], difficulty in verifying the quality of information [47.6%] and high costs [41.8%]. Students faced similar barriers but also listed poor knowledge of the English language.
  Elnasri H.A. and Ahmed A.M.
  This study investigated the patterns and determinants of lipid disorders among a group of 250 type 2 adult diabetic patients and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy controls in Sudan. Demographic and clinical data, body mass index and waist circumference, and fasting blood samples were taken to estimate the glucose and lipid profile. The mean duration of diabetes was 9.4 years and 46.0% of patients had poor glycaemic control. Compared to controls we detected a statistically significant increase in triglycerides level and a decrease in HDL-C levels. Other lipid values showed a slight increase compared to controls. There was a statistically significant association of triglycerides and HDL-C with increasing age, female sex, obesity, physical inactivity and poor glycaemic control of diabetes.
  Ahmed A.M. and Kheir M.M.
  To investigate the attitudes of final-year medical students at KhartoumUniversity towards euthanasia an anonymous questionnaire was answered by 141 students. Most were familiar with the concept of euthanasia. The majority, 108 [76.6%] opposed euthanasia and their reasons included religious beliefs, belief that euthanasia was unethical and fear of misuse. The supporters of euthanasia [23.4%] stated reasons such as preventing the suffering of patients and respecting their autonomy and dignity. More students who described themselves as strongly religious were opponents of euthanasia [83/87, 95.4%] than those who were moderately religious [25/54, 46.3%].
  Yousif E. , Ahmed A.M. , Abdalla M.E. and Abdel Gadir M.A.
  We determined the quality of medical prescription in Ribat University Hospital, Khartoum through detecting errors in doctors' prescriptions. We randomly selected 1000 medical prescriptions and checked them for completeness and legibility. The total number of doctors responsible for writing the prescriptions was 46. The patient's full name was written on only 18.8% of prescriptions and that of the doctor on only 6.7%. In only 19.5% of prescriptions were drugs prescribed by their generic names, 59.7% lacked the quantity of the drug, 25.7% lacked the duration of treatment and 15.8% were difficult to read. The quality of drug prescriptions written by our hospital doctors is seriously deficient.
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