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Articles by Ahmad Sulaeman
Total Records ( 4 ) for Ahmad Sulaeman
  Mansur Jauhari , Ahmad Sulaeman , Hadi Riyadi and Ikeu Ekayant
  Resistance exercise associated with muscle tissue damage, needs recovery immediately. Protein is the major nutrient that plays roles in tissue damage recovery. Drink made from tempeh extract is rich in protein content that may be used for muscle damage recovery. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of administering tempeh extract on muscle damage recovery. A double blind control trial method was applied in this study. Eighteen semi-trained men (18-24 y) were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6 each) i.e: group 1 received tempeh-extract (contain~23 g protein), group 2 received whey drink (contain~23 g protein) and the third group which received placebo drink, after exercise. Subjects performed resistance exercise with load of 75% of maximum strength (1 RM) with squats which was divided into six set of fifteen repetition with a 2 minute rest interval between sets. Creatine kinase level (CK), muscle strength and muscle soreness as marker of muscle damage were recorded before exercise and at six, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h post exercise. Administering of tempeh-extract drink significantly decreased the CK level and increased maximal strength at 24 h compared to placebo group, however no significantly different in muscle soreness.
  Hidayah Dwiyanti , Hadi Riyadi , Rimbawan Rimbawan , Evy Damayanthi , Ahmad Sulaeman and Ekowati Handharyani
  A sixteen weeks experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding CPO and RPO enriched palm sugar on liver retinol and immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration in vitamin A depletion rats. Thirty-four-weeks old-male Sprague Dawley rats were received the standard diet (AIN-93M) for two weeks as adaptation period, after that 24 rats followed by vitamin A-free diet, for 10 weeks as a depletion period and of six remaining rats were given the standard diet as a control group. The depleted rats were then divided into 3 groups and received daily for 4 weeks as repletion period either a red palm oil (RPO) or crude palm oil (CPO) enriched palm sugar, or retinyl palmitate (RE) which each treatment contain approximately 40 μg beta carotene. Rats were blood-sampled at week 2 and week 4 and liver retinol and immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration were determined. The body weight was taken every 5 days. Increasing on liver retinol concentration in rat administered retinyl-palmitate was higher than in rat administered CPO or RPO enriched palm sugar (p = 0.0136) which the increased in RE, CPO and RPO groups of 115.4, 86.4 and 61.7%, respectively. However, administering of enriched palm sugar both of CPO and RPO for 2-4 weeks can improve vitamin A status to above cut off point which increase from 0.063 μmol/g liver up to 0.107-0.117 μmol/g liver in CPO group and 0.079-0.102 μmol/g liver in RPO group. On the other hand, serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) level of animal administered palm sugar containing CPO or RPO were higher than in rat administered retinyl palmitate (p = 0.0073), which is indicated by increasing levels of serum IgG in both groups of CPO and RPO, that is equal to 225 and 216.01 percent, respectively compared to RE group of 59.98 percent. From this research we conclude that coconut palm sugar enriched with CPO or RPO were potentially as food-based intervention to overcome vitamin A deficiency.
  Sri Anna Marliyati , Ahmad Sulaeman , Rizal Martua Damanik , Joffa Gusthianza and Guntari Prasetya
  The main objectives of this study were to analyze the efficacy of red palm oil (RPO) and carrot instant noodles in improving serum retinol levels, IgG levels and nutritional status compared to control group. RPO and carrot noodles were given to elementary school children 7-9 year of age (n = 11, respectively) once a day (50 g/ss) for 8 week. In quacy experimental design, the levels of serum retinol and IgG were measured twice in before and after intervention. Before intervention more than 60% children of control, RPO and carrot group had marginal vitamin A status, which had mean serum retinol of 17.57, 16.87 and 17.28 μg/dL, respectively. After intervention mean serum retinol were 21.32, 23.49 and 20.87 μg/dL, respectively and the percentage of marginal status of vitamin A were decreased. There were no significant differences in serum retinol levels among all groups before and after intervention. Mean IgG levels of control, RPO and carrot group were 2.05, 2.61 and 3.61 IU/mL at baseline and 5.30, 14.89 and 9.16 IU/mL as follow-up at end line, respectively. There were no significant differences in the IgG level among all group before intervention, while there were significant differences between IgG level of RPO versus control and carrot group after intervention. Mean nutritional status (weight for age) of control, RPO and carrot group were -1.73, -2.04 and -1,86 at baseline and -1.41, -1.77 and -1,46 as follow-up at end line, respectively. There were no significant differences in nutritional status among all groups before and after intervention.
  I. Made Tangkas , Ahmad Sulaeman , Faisal Anwar , Agik Suprayogi , Sri Estuningsih and Umi Faza Rokhmah
  Background and Objective: The results of previous studies have indicated that undernutrition that occurs during pregnancy can result in the slowing of fetal growth. Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) caused by malnutrition will have a negative effect on organogenesis, including kidney growth (nephrogenesis). This study aimed to evaluate the potency of bone marrow obtained from a local beef livestock practice in Central Sulawesi of Indonesia to increase the success of pregnancy and to prevent the slowing of fetal kidney growth during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: This experimental laboratory study with animal models used a complete randomized design (CRD) with a single factor. The bone marrow was obtained from the Tawanjuka Palu slaughterhouse of Central Sulawesi in Indonesia. A standard feed, an intrauterine growth retardation feed and a substitution isocaloric feed with bone marrow were formulated. The intervention was applied to rats during pregnancy with the feed available ad libitum. After birth, the offspring underwent lactation until the age of 22 days and then weaned and given standard feed. At the age of 30 days, the kidneys were removed and weighed. The kidney weight data were analyzed using a descriptive statistical test and a Wilcoxon test using SPSS version 23. Results: The results of the descriptive analysis indicate that there was a positive trend in response to the feed with the bone marrow but Wilcoxon analysis showed no significant difference in kidney weight between the control and intervention groups. Conclusion: Feed formulations containing bone marrow from local cattle have the potential to prevent slowing of kidney growth during pregnancy and increase the success of pregnancy.
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