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Articles by Afsane Ahmadi
Total Records ( 3 ) for Afsane Ahmadi
  Zohreh Mazloom , Najmeh Hejazi , Mohammad-Hossein Dabbaghmanesh , Hamid-Reza Tabatabaei , Afsane Ahmadi and Hasti Ansar
  Diabetes mellitus is one of the most wide spread endocrine disorders and an important developing health problem in the world. Cardiovascular disease is a common complication of type 2 diabetes. Several risk factors for coronary heart disease cosegregate in type 2 diabetes, including hyperglycemia, hyperlipaemia, increases production of free radical and decrease in antioxidant defense system. In this study we evaluated the effect of vitamin C supplementation on fasting and postprandial oxidative stress and lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients. 30 patients with type 2 diabetes from Nader Kazemi Clinic, Shiraz, Iran were randomly divided into 2 groups; vitamin C treatment group (1000 mg d-1) and placebo group from May to September 2010. Fasting and postprandial lipid profile and Malondialdehyde (MDA) level were measured at the beginning of the study and after six weeks of supplementation. Data analysis was carried out using Mann-Whitney U test with p<0.05 being significant by SPSS software version 16.The result of the study showed a significantly decrease in fasting (p = 0.006) and postprandial MDA (p<0.001) in vitamin C group compare to placebo group but not in lipid profile. This study suggests that vitamin C supplementation can decrease fasting and postprandial oxidative stress and may prevent diabetes complication.
  Afsane Ahmadi , Neda Haghighat , Maryam Hakimrabet and Hamidreza Tolide-ie
  Malnutrition is a common problem in moderate or severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients which affects body composition and food intake of these patients. In this study, the relationship of the stage of COPD with nutritional intake and body mass index in COPD patients were investigated and compared with healthy people and Dietary Reference Intake tables. A total of 93 COPD patients were referred by pulmonary physicians in Motahari and Faghihi medical centers. Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) was used in order to confirm the diagnosis of COPD and also categorize the patients into three categories (mild, moderate and sever). The control group consisted of 108 adults matched to the cases by age and gender. Anthropometric indices and physical activity and a 24 h dietary recall were recorded. All analyses were performed using the SPSS 14. All data presented as means (±SD). The mean intake of energy (p = 0.002), protein (p<0.001), fat (p = 0.007), vitamin C (p = 0.003), vitamin E (p<0.001), magnesium (p<0.001) and omega-3 (p<0.001) was significantly lower in COPD patients compared with controls. The mean BMI of the severe group was significantly lower than the controls (p = 0.016). The mean intake of energy, carbohydrate, fat, vitamin E, magnesium and omega-3 was significantly lower in both case and control groups compared to the RDA (p<0.001) for all of the mentioned nutrients). Vitamin C intake was lower than RDA in the case (p<0.001) and also in the control males (p<0.001). In COPD patients, there is a significant relationship between the stage of COPD and nutrients intake and their BMI.
  Afsane Ahmadi , Pariya Torkamani , Zahra Sohrabi and Fariba Ghahremani
  Knowing the level of consumers’ nutritional knowledge is useful for promoting dietary habits. The aim of this study was to assess women’s nutritional knowledge and their food label perception and their correlates. Three hundred and eighty Women referring to four large supermarkets in Shiraz were selected for this study. Data were collected through face-to-face interview. The NKQ questionnaire was used for designing the study questionnaire. The first part contained demographic characteristics and the second section encompassed questions related to nutritional knowledge of consumers about food components. The third part consisted of questions about labeling. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16. ANOVA and t-test were used for analyzing multi-variant variables. Chi-square test was used for evaluating the relationship between variables. 49.7% of the participants were healthy and others had chronic diseases. The mean score of the women’s nutrition knowledge was 20.13 (from 24) and the average knowledge of women about food components were near 50%. Consumers’ information about food labels application was less than 50% for all situations. The lowest use of labels was about low-salt labels and the highest for calorie content of foods. There was a significant relationship between educational status and food label use and also a significant relationship between information about added sugar and using low-sugar labels and between knowledge about low-salt foods and using low-salt labels. A significant relationship was also seen between knowledge about fat and cholesterol use for low fat foods. So, label application was correlated with educational level and nutritional knowledge of women.
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