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Articles by Affendy Hassan
Total Records ( 3 ) for Affendy Hassan
  Parisa Ahmadpour , Azmi Mat Nawi , Arifin Abdu , Hazandy Abdul-Hamid , Daljit Karam Singh , Affendy Hassan , Nik Muhamad Majid and Shamshuddin Jusop
  Problem statement: The chemical pollution of soil has become a major source of concern and has posed serious health problems within the last few years in many developed nations. A variety of organic and inorganic pollutants, including heavy metals, are being mixed in with the cultivated soil and water. Sewage sludge was one of the major sources of enrichment of heavy metals. These pollutants are eventually transported to the natural vegetation and cultivated crops and concentrated in food chains, with possible detrimental effects on human health and wild-life. Thus, soil contaminants need to be cleaned up to improve environmental safety. Approach: Research was conducted to elucidate the potential of Jatropha curcas L. to clean toxic heavy metals derived from sewage sludge. J. curcas seedlings were planted on six different planting media T0 (100% soil-control), T1 (80% soil and 20% sewage sludge), T2 (60% soil and 40% sewage sludge), T3 (40% soil and 60% sewage sludge), T4 (20% soil and 80% sewage sludge) and T5 (100% sewage sludge) for a period of three months. The growth performance, including height and diameter, of J. curcas was measured using diameter tape, while the basal diameter was measured using a venier caliper every two weeks. Plant samples were collected after harvest and soil samples were collected before and after planting. The ICP-MS was used to determine the concentration of heavy metals in the planting medium and plant parts. Results: According to the growth parameters, the composition of 60% sewage sludge mixed with 40% soil was suitable for achieving optimum J. curcas growth. This plant was able to remove heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Cr, Cd and Cu) effectively from the medium containing 100% sewage sludge and after harvesting, the concentrations of Zn, Pb, Cr, Cd and Cu in T5(100% sewage sludge medium) were decreased by 67.7, 78.3, 77.2, 78.5 and 75.0%, respectively from the initial values. The highest levels of Zn (29.5 mg kg-1), Cu (0.44 mg kg-1) and Cd (8.35 mg kg-1) accumulation were found in the roots, whereas the highest Pb and Cr concentrations were observed in the leaves and stem, respectively. Conclusion/Recommendations: The roots of J. curcas were found to be suitable for the uptake of heavy metals in sewage sludge, especially Zn. Cr was also adsorbed effectively by the leaves. Thus, J. curcas was a suitable plant to use as a phytoremediator to clean heavy metals, in particular Zn, Cu and Cr. However, a study determining, the short term effects of the large scale use of sewage sludge on trees /-field crops/-leafy vegetables and environmental its impact needs to be carried out.
  Affendy Hassan , Razak Wahab , Mohamad Azani Alias and Rafidah Md. Salim
  Studies on the growth performance on five selected indigenous trees species of Azadirachta excelsa, Cinnamomum iners, Hopea pubescens, Intsia palembanica and Shorea leprosula under open area planting technique on degraded forest area were carried out in Pasoh Forest Reserve Area, Negeri Sembilan. Evaluation on the growth and survival of these species were performed nine years after planting. An experimental design of Randomized Complete Block Design was adapted. The result shows that the survival rate of species planted ranged from 20.7 to 74.1% with C. iners attaining the highest survival rate followed by A. excelsa and the lowest was recorded by S. leprosula. A. excelsa exhibited the highest growth increment in terms of diameter at breast height (DBH) and height followed by S. leprosula and the lowest was recorded for I. palembanica. This indicates that some indigenous species can be adapted to rehabilitate degraded forestland.
  Assis Kamu , Bonaventure Boniface , Abdul Rahim Awang , Affendy Hassan , Mohammad Amizi Ayob and Siti Kalsom Yulo
  This cross-sectional survey study has focused on the statistical techniques using factor analysis in identifying the attitude of oil palm smallholders towards Ganoderma disease. Comparison test was done to determine the relationship between smallholder’s socio-economic characteristics and their attitude towards the disease. The data were collected through face-to-face interview by using structured questionnaire. A total of 620 oil palm smallholders have been interviewed during the data collection. The data collected was analyzed by using descriptive analysis, factor analysis and non-parametric techniques using Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test. The findings show that there were two main components of attitude, namely difficult to manage ganoderma disease and difficult to get information and lack of exposure. Comparison test using non-parametric tests show there were no significant differences across the categories of the selected socio-economic characteristics except experience in oil palm cultivation and category of smallholders. But all of the respondents did not agree with both components except the respondents who are categorized as independent smallholders.
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