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Articles by Abolghasem Golian
Total Records ( 2 ) for Abolghasem Golian
  Hossein Jahanian Najafabadi , Hassan Nassiri Moghaddam , Javad Pourreza , Feridoon Eftekhar Shahroudi and Abolghasem Golian
  In order to study the chemical composition, mineral contents and protein quality of poultry by-product meal (PBPM), 10 composed samples of PBPM produced in Iran were provided during two months sampling period from rendering units of three industrial poultry slaughter-houses. The proximate analysis showed that the average dry matter (DM), ether extract (EE), crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF) and ash of the PBPM samples were 94.8, 23.4, 60.5, 0.90, and 9.3 percent, respectively. The average gross energy (GE) value for the PBPM samples was 5645 kcal kg-1. The average values of major elements including Ca, P, Na, K, Cl, Mg, and S were 3.51, 1.88, 0.52, 0.31, 0.74, 0.06, and 0.99 percent, respectively. The average values of trace elements including Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Se were 623.2, 9.3, 16.5, 47.8, and 0.73 mg kg-1, respectively. Biological evaluation of protein quality was done by chicks fed a nitrogen-free basal diet (as negative control) or chicks fed semipurified diets containing 10 percent crude protein from the PBPM or Kilka fish meal (as positive control) as the sole source of dietary protein. The values of protein efficiency ratio (PER) and net protein ratio (NPR) showed significant differences (p<0.05) among the PBPM samples and varied between 1.45 to 2.05 and 2.31 to 2.87, respectively. The PER and NPR values for the PBPM samples were significantly lower (p<0.05) than that of Kilka fish meal.
  Heydar Zarghi , Abolghasem Golian , Hasan Kermanshahi , Ahmad Reza Raji and Ali Reza Heravi
  A completely randomized design experiment with 5x2 factorial arrangement was used to study the performance of broiler chickens fed diets with five different levels of triticale (0, 19, 36, 57 and 75%), with/ without exogenous enzyme during finishing period. Each diet fed to five groups of ten male birds each. All birds fed similar commercial starter and grower diets up to 25 days of age. The experimental diets were isocalric and isonitrogenous and fed ad-libitum from 25-42 days of age. Similar weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion observed in birds fed control or diets contained up to 75% triticale. The exogenous enzyme supplementation did not significantly affect broiler performance. Relative weight of small intestine, large intestine and pancreas and gut chyme viscosity significantly increased with increase in level of triticale in diet when measured at 42 days of age whereas the highest values observed in birds fed highest level of triticale in soy based diet and the lowest values observed in birds fed with corn-soy based diet. Enzyme supplementation of diets caused a significant reduction in the intestinal and pancreas relative weights and gut viscosity. The jejunum villus of birds fed diet contained 75% triticale was significantly (p<0.05) shortened and thickened as compared to those fed control diet. Triticale seems to lower serum HDL in chickens.
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