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Articles by Abeer Fauzi Murad
Total Records ( 2 ) for Abeer Fauzi Murad
  Abeer Fauzi Murad , Shaima Ahmed and Shaima Abead
  Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus are two important molds that produce Aflatoxin(AF). Humans and animals can be exposed to aflatoxins by consuming foods contaminated with the products of these fungi. Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is one of the most common mycotoxins found in human foods. In general, acute toxicity by is AFB1 less likely to occur than chronic toxicity. The principal target organ for aflatoxins is liver which may lead to hepatocytes and necrosis and also can be carcinogenic and cause immunosuppression. AFB1 could be toxic to the male reproductive system in man as well as wild and domestic animals. According to this study the AFB1 effect on testis and sperm of male rats which revealed pathological changes in testis and epididymis, with the high dosage of AFB1 the edematous fluid inside the tumbles increases while there are significant (p>0.05) decreases in the number of leydig cells, the height of seminiferous, as well as there was a significant decreasing in the number of spermatogenesis, spermatocytes and spermatids.
  Nida`a Shihab Hamed , Abeer Fauzi Murad and Eman Abdul-Wahed Abdul-Rahim
  Aflatoxigenic fungi like Aspergillus spp., commonly contaminants food, which has different methods to detect their presence. The early detection of food contaminants is quite significant to prevent the hazard on the human health and economic. This study aims to detect the isolation and diagnosis of the companying fungi from some nuts that are available in local markets of Babylon province (Iraq) and explore their ability to produce aflatoxins. The Aspergillus spp., was the most common, followed by each of the Cladosporium spp. and Penicillium spp. The results from isolation and diagnosis of this study showed that Aspergillus flavus was the most visible fungus in all kinds of examined nuts. The highest rate of appearance for this fungus was in pistachios, reaching 70%, whereas the rest of kinds of nuts ranged between 60-10%. The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique was utilized for the diagnosis of A. flavus by using a special primer. In this study, the PCR technique was used for the detection of Aflatoxigenic A. flavus and ammonia chemical detection was used to compare this technique.
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