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Articles by Abdul Waheed
Total Records ( 4 ) for Abdul Waheed
  Abdul Waheed , F.S.Hamid and Naseer Ahmad
  Study on the evaluation of some criteria used in selection of best bushes from NTRI tea garden i.e. selection of best tea bushes, grouping on the basis of initial pruned material and then used immediately to the same bush. The data recorded on bush canopy, plucking points, interval, rounds, yield and further determination by iodine and chloroform tests. Grouping was comprises on 5 categories from (A – E), i.e. 3 to 11 kg above of fresh pruned material. Though the population density was very low in group D and E (29 and 6 only) as indicated in Table 1, but these bushes were selected for further multiplication on the basis of average yield which was maximum in Groups D and E i.e. 3 to 3.5 kg as compare to group A, B, C.1.5 to 2.5kg/bush respectively. Table 1 reveal that amount of pruned material viz a viz (9 to 11 kgs and 11-above) not only increased the bush canopy (160 cm) as compare to Group A (135), Plucking Points (415 and 429) in Group D and E, where as in Groups A, B and C from (135 and 146) respectively. Plucking rounds (6) and interval (3 to 4 weeks) were the same in all the groups. Table 2 shows that Iodine test were also indicated Group (D, E) were rich in starch content, which are responsible for the shoot growth and obtain grades (4 and 6) where as other groups failed to obtained any grades. Table 3 were also resulted for chloroform test in same manner of pruned material i.e. 9 to 11 and 11 kg and above bushes have well in ability of fermentation in both the groups with the grades (2 to 4) and (4 to 2) in groups D&E as compared to others respectively.
  Abdul Waheed , F.S. Hamid , Naseer Ahmad and A. Rauf Khan
  Hardening of tea saplings and siblings with frame was maintained by different growth stages i.e. (T1: Control, T2: 4-5 leaves stage, T3: 7-8 leaves stage, T4: 12-14 leaves stage, T5: 4-5 leaves stage in siblings) on six parameters during September 1999 to April 2000. Maximum plant height of 67.8 cm was obtained in T4 followed by 49.8 cm in T3. Where as T1: 33.2 cm, T2: 44.4 cm, T5: 47.8 cm showed respectively. Significantly branches were increased in T4: 8.37, followed by T3: 5.37. The rest of the treatments were at par with each other's statistically. Maximum leaves of 47.0 in T4 followed by T3 (31.4) were recorded. However T2 and T5 were remain the same statistically i.e. 28.4 each in both treatments. Similar results was produced in fresh leaves i.e. 33.82 in T4 followed by T3 which produced 16.4 almost half of the T4. The other treatments showed poor performance in this respect and remain non significant. Maximum root length was recorded in T5 (19.0 cm) where as the rest of the treatments were statistically non significant among each other. Where as the maximum root weight was recorded in T3 (10.39 gms), this attribute due the tap root system in siblings and adventitious root in saplings by nature in tea plant. It proves from the study that tipping practice should be carried out in the nursery at 12-14 leaves stage for healthy plants for transplantation in the field.
  Naseer Ahmad , Abdul Waheed and Farrukh Siyar Hamid
  Sowing dates had significant effect on emergence/m2, plant height, cobs/plant, grain yield. Early sowing of 15th July gave maximum emergence/m2 (12.11), plant height (152 cm), cobs/plant (1.300), grain yield (4419 kg ha–1). Delayed sowing of 15th August decreased all the above mentioned parameters. Among the cultivars, Sarhad white had the highest emergence of seedlings/m2 (10.44), days to tasseling (61.00), days to maturity (124.1) grain yield (3354 kg ha–1), while cultivar PS EV showed poor performance. Generally cultivar Sarhad White sowing on 15th July produced the best results among all others respectively.
  Muhammad Siddique , Yasir Nawaz , Farah Riaz , Muhammad Ali Tarar , Zarqa Azhar , Arshad Hussain Hashmi and Abdul Waheed
  In the maternal and child health nutrition plays a vital role. It has been noted that the poor maternal nutrition status is directly responsible for the adverse birth out come. The aim of the present study is to find out the effects of malnutrition on women reproductive health in Punjab. Multistage sampling techniques were used for data collection. At the first stage two Districts i.e. Faisalabad and Multan of Punjab province were selected randomly. At the second stage four tehsils, two from each district (Tehsil Faisalabad and Tehsil Jaranwala from District Faisalabad and Tehsil Multan and Tehsil Shujabad from District Multan) were selected randomly from the selected districts, than 12 localities, three from each tehsil (Chak No. 59/JB, 30/JB and 31/JB from Tehsil Faisalabad, Chak No. 60/GB, 55/GB and 54/GB from Tehsil Jaranwala and Khokhran, Mithal Shah and Gondian from Tehsil Shujabad and Ghalu, Sanhbai and Hasnabad from Tehsil Multan) were selected randomly. A sample of 300 respondents (25 from each locality) selected purposively. It was found that majority of the respondents were eating vegetables and less than a half of them were drinking milk on daily basis. A very few of the respondents were drinking juices and eating meat on daily basis. A majority of the sampled women were taking three meals in a day and about one-fourth of the respondents were aware about balance diet. It is clear from the findings that the respondents had many health problems i.e., headache (61.7%), high blood pressure (60.3%), back pain (54.7%), swelling on different body parts (41.3%), irregular menses (33.0%), hand, facial swelling (32.7%), urinary complications (28.3%), cramps and abdominal pain (26.7%), vaginal bleeding (25.0%) and some of them had anemia and heavy bleeding. Less than a half of the respondents (45.0%) used any contraceptive method and one-fourth of them were observed its side effects. According to the research findings malnutrition had many bad impact on women and child health i.e., low weight baby, poor feeding practices, adverse pregnancy outcomes, low energy and nutrient dense foods, anemia, iron deficiency and poor physical activities. Main cause of malnutrition among the women were poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, socio-economic and environmental factors and poor water/sanitation and health services. Bi-variate analysis shows that education, income, age at marriage, eating pattern, awareness about balance diet, food security, household food expenditure were positively associated with reproductive health status and age and total no. of pregnancies were negatively associated with reproductive health status. There is a dire need to improve the health facilities available at government Health Centers especially at BHUs to address the reproductive health problems that will surely improve women’s health status.
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