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Articles by Abdul Samad
Total Records ( 3 ) for Abdul Samad
  Mukesh Srivastava , Rajeev Vasantrao Gaikwad , Abdul Samad , Barkha Sharma and Ashish Srivastava
  Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is considered as the best single parameter for assessing renal function because it is directly proportional to the number of functioning nephrons. Serum creatinine is the most frequently measured analyze in clinical biochemistry as an indirect indicator of glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). Renal scintigraphy has been used as direct measurement of the glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) either of individual kidney or global (both kidneys). By this technique, the GFR is calculated by a regression equation relating the percent of the injected dose of radiopharmaceutical, technetium-99m Diethylene-Triaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), taken up and filtered by the kidneys. This communication reports the relationship of direct (scintigraphy) and indirect (creatinine) methods of GFR measurement. Scintigraphy is a quick, noninvasive diagnostic technique in which a two-dimensional picture of internal body tissue is produced through the detection of the gamma radiation emitted by radioactive substances injected into the body within 15 min with a gamma camera. Serum creatinine increases in renal failure correlating with a decrease in GFR forming a curvilinear relationship. Based on the study undertaken in 44 dogs with renal failure, it was found that 86.36% dogs suffering from renal failure showed a conventional pattern of curvilinear relationship between creatinine and GFR. Inter-individual variations were observed in 11.36% of dogs. False positive results were obtained in 9% of total dogs, where creatinine was within normal reference range but GFR decreased on scintigraphic analysis. False negative observations were seen in 4.5% of dogs, where normal GFR with marginally high creatinine values was reported.
  Madahiah- bint-e-Masood , Noor-us- Saba , Abdul Samad and Ali Abbas Qazilbash
  Klebsiella pneumoniae a human commensal is sometimes associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) due to long-term catherization, wound infections, bacterimia and nosocomial infections. This study was designed to determine the incidence of Klebsiella pneumoniae among UTI patients and included 152 urine samples. Of the 152 samples, 6 (3.95%) showed Klebsiella pneumoniae to be the causative agent. Furthermore, there was no predominating pattern in the sex-wise distribution, as of these 6 cases, 3 were females and 3 males. The antibiogram pattern showed that amikacin (100%), norfloxacin (100%) and pipemidic acid (100%) were the most effective drugs, as all the isolates were sensitive to them, whereas all the isolates were found to be resistant to ampicillin and 67% were resistant to nitrofurantin and augmentin.
  Ghulam Nabi , Noor Rahman , Abdul Samad , Zafar Ali and Jamsher Khan
  Two potash fertilizers viz. Potassium Sulphate (K2SO4) and Potassium Chloride (KCI) at the rate of 100, 150 and 200 kg ha–1 each were applied to Cardinal potato to study their influence on the potato productivity. The application of K2SO4 at the rate of 200 kg ha–1 produced 7.59 tones of small (189.67 thousand) tubers ha–1, while at the same doze KCI produced 1 4.84 tones of large (243.33 thousand table size) tubers ha–1. The total average 21.52 tones tubers ha–1 were obtained with application of KCI at the rate of 200 kg ha–1, followed by 21.2 tones tuber ha–1 with the application of K2 SO4 at the rate of 200 kg ha–1. The poor yield 18.25 tones ha–1 was gained in control.
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