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Articles by Abdul Basit
Total Records ( 4 ) for Abdul Basit
  Atta Ullah , Abdul Basit , Muhammad Aslam and Naeem Khan
  Power quality and the dynamic performance of the distribution system in Pakistan is poor because of weak and out-of-date system. It is unable to deliver the required reactive power in case of various system disturbances. Distribution Static compensator (DSTATCOM) is an important compensator which is able to enhance the power quality and dynamic performance of the distribution system. In order to improve power quality and dynamics performance of the distribution system effectively a more robust and optimal control algorithm is required for D-STATCOM. Hence, in this research work an improved and optimal control algorithm have been designed for D-STATCOM. In improved control scheme SRF theory control is used for the reference current generation. For the generation of gat pulses for VSC of D-STATCOM level shifted PWM scheme have been used because it offers very good performance for reduction of harmonics distortion. The designed device is implemented in MATLAB-Simulink and is capable to deliver good reactive power compensation under various loading environments such as inductive load, capacitive load and under abnormal faults conditions.
  Rubina Hakeem , Asher Fawwad , Afshan Siddiqui , Muhammad Yakoob Ahmadani and Abdul Basit
  This study was planned to assess the dietary intake of diabetic subjects and kind of dietary modification they have made after individualised dietary guidance. Information on clinical and dietary profile of 200 subjects was recorded at first visit of BIDE. Dietary guidance was given by dietician. Second visit was done after 3 months. Subjects having adequate intake of fruit and vegetable, milk and meat was 68, 38 and 63% for males and 52, 40 and 35% for females, respectively. Only 20.4% males and 5.9% females had usual adequate consumption of the four food groups. Overall adequacy of diet improved for 11.1% of males and 27% of females. Weight reduction was observed in 54.8% of females and 32.2% of males. Rate of BMI reduction was significantly higher in the group who had reduced their caloric intake. This first of its kind study from Pakistan, has documented the efficacy of dietary guidance and highlighted the need for further attention to assure balanced intake of foods form various food groups.
  M. Zafar Iqbal Hydrie , Abdul Basit , A. Samad Shera , Rubina Hakeem and Akhtar Hussain
  Dietary trends have been found to be related with metabolic syndrome in various studies. To identify dietary patterns and study associations between the dietary patterns of subjects with high and low risk of metabolic syndrome in a Karachi based community. A group of 871 men and women were selected randomly from 532 households. Data about consumption of specific foods was available for 867 adults. Participants completed a health and lifestyle questionnaire and 363 subjects provided fasting blood samples for glucose and lipids. Dietary intake was assessed by a questionnaire to identify consumption of 33 specific food items and the dietary patterns categorized into 6 food groups was assessed by cluster analysis. Five dietary patterns were identified through cluster analysis. Cluster 1 had the lowest proportion of persons with metabolic syndrome i.e. 42.7% while cluster 2 had the highest percentage of metabolic syndrome subjects (56.3%) (p = 0.09). Consumption of fat and caloric dense foods was significantly higher among highest risk group (cluster 2) compared to lowest risk group (cluster 1) (p = 0.0001). The consumption of food groups containing fruit, milk and meat was also more than twice in high risk compared to low risk group (p = 0.0001). Even within the same population there are marked differences in dietary patterns and these apparently contribute to the risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Dietary pattern studies will help elucidate links between diet and disease and contribute to developing healthy eating guidelines.
  Sara Jaffri , Musarrat Riaz , Asher Fawwad , Zahara Ali Rizvi and Abdul Basit
  This study was conducted to assess the common dietary practices among children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1 DM). This is a sub study of another study conducted among type 1 diabetic subjects from July 2011-June 2012 at Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology (BIDE) and Diabetic Association of Pakistan (DAP). Children with Type 1 DM aged 10-20 yrs registered in these centers were selected to record their dietary intake through pre-designed questionnaire based on the 24 h dietary recall interview. Food Guide Pyramid was used to assess and compare the dietary intake of these patients with recommendations. The dietary record showed that all 103 Type 1 DM subjects were consuming bread and cereal in which 53.9% were taking recommended servings. Seventy nine were taking meat group in which 44.3% were taking recommended serving, Fifty Nine were consuming milk group in which only 11.9% consumed recommended servings of milk daily. Fifty two patients were taking vegetable group in which only 11.5% were taking recommended serving. Twenty eight patients were consuming fruits in which 25% were taking recommended servings of fruits while rests of them were taking below the recommendations. Majority of type 1 DM patients were taking the bread and cereals group according to the recommended servings while meat, milk, fruits and vegetable groups were not consumed according to the recommended guidelines of Food Guide Pyramid. Mothers need to concentrate on planning for their children’s meals and snacks and they must encourage their child in making the healthy food choices.
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