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Articles by Abayomi Samuel Oyekale
Total Records ( 3 ) for Abayomi Samuel Oyekale
  Abayomi Samuel Oyekale
  Drought is a recurrent climatic risk in the Sahel belt of West Africa. This study analyzed its impact on livestock husbandry and determined the factors influencing adaptation choices. The data used were climate change baseline survey data collected from 421 households in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. The Probit regression method was used for data analysis. Results show that drought mostly affected sheep with 17.86 and 8.5% in Burkina Faso (BF) and Mali, respectively. New pests and diseases were reported for goats by 19.86 and 11.43% of the farmers from Mali and Burkina Faso, respectively while sheep had 17.73 and 9.29%. Also, 12.86% of the farmers from Burkina Faso introduced new oxen on their farms as a way of coping, while 18.57 and 17.86% of the farmers from Niger stopped keeping dairy cow and goats, respectively. Herd sizes were reduced in Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso by 22.14, 10.64 and 10.00% of the farmers respectively. The Probit regression results show that access to media information, getting assistance during flooding, access to non-farm credit, aged dependency and access to credit were found to influence adaptive capacities of livestock farmers. It was concluded that drought is pressing economic challenge to livestock farmers and efforts to reduce its impact should focus on more provision of assistance and media information.
  Abayomi Samuel Oyekale
  Malnutrition is one of the key problems facing human development in Malawi. Deficiency of essential micro-nutrients in diet has resulted in several nutrition-related adverse health outcomes. This study analyzed expenditure patterns of rural households on livestock products with a view of identifying the factors that influence it. The data were collected with structured questionnaire and analysis was done with Tobit regression. Results show that about 21% of the households did not consume any of the livestock products. Fish is the most consumed livestock products. Tobit regression results show that livestock products’ consumption expenditures increased significantly (p<0.10) as the number of male household members with formal education and farm revenues increased. It was recommended that efforts to ensure higher farm revenues for farmers through better access to farm inputs and markets and promotion of rural education will boost animal protein intakes of rural dwellers.
  Abayomi Samuel Oyekale
  Flooding is a serious environmental challenge in most part of Lagos State due to extension of residential buildings to flood prone wetlands as population explosion takes the deepest toll on the Nigeria’s foremost industrial centre. The situation is more pathetic for coastal fishing folks who sometimes have their houses built directly on slow flowing waters. This study analyzed utilization of early warning and access to post flood assistance by fishing folks in Lagos. Data were collected with structured questionnaires using simple random sampling. Descriptive Methods and Seemingly Unrelated Bivariate Probit (SUBP) regression were used for data analysis. Results showed that 86.2% of the respondents were males while 69.2% were <40 years old. Also, 72.3% had fishing as primary occupation and 47.9% had <5 years fishing experience. Furthermore, 88.3% had experienced flooding with 13.8% relying on savings as post flood coping method. Only 21.2% had access to warning signals 61.7% never got assistance after flooding. Also, 12.8 and 11.7% of the respondents got assistance from government and associations, respectively. Religious organizations assisted 8.5% while 4.3% got assistance from family members. The SUBP regression results indicated that that being helped during flooding increased the probability of seeking for early warning while being assisted during flooding is only significantly influenced by income (p<0.10). It was concluded that more sensitization on the need to follow media reports about pending environmental hazards like flooding is needed among the fishing folks.
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