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Articles by A.R. Ibrahim
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.R. Ibrahim
  M.A. Nashwa Sallam , Ibtesam F.M. Badawy and A.R. Ibrahim
  Three isolates of yeasts, Candida sake (Cs), Pichia gluilliermondii (Pg) and Pichia membranifaciens (Pm) were evaluated for their activities in reducing postharvest green mold decay of orange fruits caused by Penicillium digitatum. In vitro experiments, all tested isolates inhibit the growth of Penicillium digitatum. In vivo experiments, treating fruits 15 days before harvest and after harvest or only after harvest (natural and artificial infection of fruits) by three isolates of yeasts significantly reduced the disease severity in natural and artificial infection of fruits compared with untreated fruits (control). Pichia gluilliermondii (Pg) was the best yeast than others isolates in controlling the disease in artificial infection. All treatments significantly decreased fruit weight loss percentage (%) for nine weeks comparing with control. Results also indicated that all isolates significantly reduced the undesirable fruits percentage during cooling storage period (5°C) compared with control. Prolonging cooling storage at 5°C for nine weeks significantly increased total soluble solids percentage of all treatments and control. Total acidity slightly decreased after cold storage period, while post-harvest treatments with the Pichia gluilliermondii caused significant decrease in total acid. Vitamin C was gradually decreased as storage period prolonged, for both control and tested treatments. No constant effects between all treatments and controls, except post harvest treatment fruit with Pichia gluilliermondii which caused high decrease in ascorbic acid content compared with controls.
  F.M. Ibtesam Badawy , M.A. Nashwa Sallam , A.R. Ibrahim and M.R. Asran
  The effect of lime, thyme, comphore oils against Penicillium digitatum, the causes of green mould disease of orange fruits, was evaluated for their inhibitory effect in vitro and in vivo during storage conditions. In vitro experiments, different concentration of each essential oil at 1, 5 and 10% (v/v) was tested on the growth of P. digitatum. The best concentration at 10% showed the highest inhibition growth of P. digitatum for all tested oils. In vivo experiments, in 2009 and 2010 seasons, treating fruits 15 days before harvest and after harvest or only after harvest (natural and artificial infection of fruits) by essential oils at conc. of 10% (v/v) significantly reduced the disease severity of fruits compared with untreated fruits (control) at 5°C. There was no significant difference found between the two tested methods of applying oils on fruits (natural and artificial infection of fruits). All treatments significantly reduced the undesirable fruits percentage, fruit weight loss percentage during cooling storage for 14 weeks compared with control during the two investigated seasons. Also preceding harvest and post harvest spraying with lime essential oil at conc. of 10% caused significant increase in TSS% during cold storage for 14 weeks compared with control. Prolonged cooling storage at 5°C for nine weeks slightly increased total soluble solids percentage of both controls and decline towards the end of storage period (14 weeks) of both treatments and control. At the end of storage period, there was no significant difference on Total Acidity (TA) between all tested treatments and controls. Vitamin C was gradually decreased as storage prolonged, for both control and all treatments.
 
 
 
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