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Articles by A.O. Bakhiet
Total Records ( 7 ) for A.O. Bakhiet
  K.M. Elamin , M.A. Elkhairey , A.O. Bakhiet , H.B. Ahmed and A.M. Musa
  The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding Sweet potato on Carcass and non-carcass traits of local rabbits in Sudan. Twenty seven weaner rabbits at average weight of 400-500 g and average age of 45 days were used. Animals were randomly divided into three groups. Each group was fed a separate ration formulated either on Lucerne (Barseem) (ration A), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) (ration B) or Clitoria ternate (ration C) for a whole month. Treatment effect was not significant (p>0.05) in all parameters. Group C (C. ternate) performed the highest values for fore leg and shoulder (50.67±7.02) while group B (I. batatas) showed the highest values for loin (118.33±9.29), ribs (59.24±0.46) and hind leg and rump (98.29±2.90). Group B (Sweet potato) recorded the highest values for all parameters as percentages, group C (C. ternate) ranked second in all parameters and the control group conversely gave the lowest values.
  I.M.T. Fadlalla , B.H. Mohammed and A.O. Bakhiet
  The present experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of adding graded levels (0, 0.15, 0.45, 0.3 and 0.6%) of garlic (Allium sativum) to the basal experimental diet on the broiler chicks growth performance and immune response. One hundred and fifty unsexed Ross broiler chicks were randomly distributed; 30 birds/dietary treatment and each treatment contained 3 replicates (10 birds/replicate). The results showed significant (p<0.05) improvement in feed conversion ratio of birds fed 0.3% garlic. The mortality rate followed the same trend of feed conversion ratio. Weight gain was found to be increased by inclusion of garlic, but was not statistically significant. Total White Blood Cells (TWBC) of birds fed 0.3% garlic was significantly (p<0.05) higher compared to these fed other dietary treatments and the lower TWBC was recorded by the control treatment. No significant differences in blood serum total protein, albumen and globulin were observed. Colour, flavour, tenderness and juiciness of sensory evaluated samples were not statistically different.
  Mawahib Seddeag , Gadallah Madawe , S.M.A. El Badwi and A.O. Bakhiet
  The galangal (the rhizome of Alpinia officinarum, Hance) is popular as a traditional herbal medicine. The present study investigates the effect of diet containing 2%, 5% and 10 % of A. officinarum (Hance) on the biochemical, haematological and histological parameters in Bovans-type chicks treated for 4 weeks. The body weight of the chicks revealed that feeding levels of 2, 5 and 10% dietary A. officinarum was significantly decreased (p<0.05 - 0.01) compared to the control chicks. Significant changes were observed in the activities of AST and ALT and the concentration of total protein, uric acid, albumin and globulin and cholesterol levels. Mild degenerative changes were observed in the liver and kidneys of chicks while no significant differences were recorded in haematological parameters.
  S.M.A. El Badwi , A.O. Bakhiet and E.H. Abdel Gadir
  The haemato-biochemical effects of aqueous extract of Khaya senegalensis were tested against gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats. Rats were divided into 6 groups of 5 rats each. All rats were treated orally for 8 days. Rats in group 1 served as control group and received distilled water at 2 mL kg-1 /day, group 2 received distilled water at 2 mL kg-1 and received gentamicin 100 mg kg-1 intramuscularly for the last 5 days, groups 3 and 4 received the aqueous extract of K. senegalensis stem bark orally at 500 and 250 mg kg-1, respectively and on the last 5 days they received gentamicin at 100 mg kg-1 intramuscularly. Groups 5 and 6 received the aqueous extract of K. senegalensis alone at 500 and 250 mg kg-1, respectively. Red Blood Cell (RBC) count, Haemoglobin (Hb), Haematocrit (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) were determined. Measurement of urea, creatinine, total protein and albumin were investigated. The kidney tissues were microscopically examined. Intramuscular administration of gentamicin to rats resulted in significant elevation of serum urea, creatinine, total protein and albumin with massive tubular necrosis and degeneration of renal cortical tubules. Oral administration of Khaya senegalensis at 250 and 500 mg kg-1 to rats significantly ameliorated the increase in serum urea, creatinine, total protein and albumin and similarly ameliorate the damage in the kidney tubules. This study suggested nephroprotective effect of Khaya senegalensis aqueous extract which may be due to antioxidant properties of the extract together with the phytochemical constituents of K. senegalensis.
  A.O. Bakhiet and S.M.A. Elbadwi
  This study was conducted to investigate the effect of increasing dietary levels of inorganic chromium (CrCl3A6H2O) on the performance and some serum parameters of chicks. One hundred 1-day-old Bovans-type chicks were randomly distributed to four groups. The control group received no supplemental chromium. 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mg chromium (Cr) kg-1 diet from chromium chloride were added to other three groups. Each experimental group consisted of five replicates each of five birds and the supplementation was continued for 35 days. Blood samples were collected for the determination of serum concentration of proteins, albumin, glucose, total cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and the activities of spartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP). Chromium by the doses used had no effect on weight gain. Supplementation with Cr decreased the serum total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol (p<0.05), triglycerides (p<0.05) and glucose (p<0.05) concentrations whereas serum HDL and cholesterol were increased. Serum total protein concentration, AST and ALP activities slightly but not significantly increased in all Cr. treated groups.
  N.H.A. Rhman , A.O. Bakhiet and S.E.I. Adam
  The present study was planned to elucidate the role of zinc in the modification of toxicity of cadmium with emphasis on vital organ dysfunction. Eighty, 3-months old male Wistar rats were fed cadmium chloride (CdCl2) and Zinc chloride (ZnCl2) mixture for 6 or 12 weeks. Group 2 (10 ppm CdCl2 + 4 ppm ZnCl2), group 3 (100 ppm CdCl2 plus 100 ppm ZnCl2) and group 1 was kept as control rats. The rats fed diet containing 10 ppm CdCl2 plus 4 ppm ZnCl2 of this mixture had the lowest growth rate after 12 weeks, but none of the rats died along the experimental period. Depression in growth, nephropathy, testicular injury and reduction in the size of the splenic white pulp were observed in group 2 and 3. Changes in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotranferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities were significant increased in group 2 and 3. Alteration in concentration of total protein, albumin, cholesterol and urea were observed within these two treated groups. At 12 weeks, the values of erythrocytic series in rats of group 2 and 3 did not change. However, the values of platelets were higher in rats in group 2 and 3 then control (group 1). The values of WBC were higher in group 2 than control and group 3 and those of lymphocytes were lower in group 2 and 3 than control rats (group 1). The result indicated that Zn did not reverse the negative effects of Cd in growth and in organs damage particularly the kidneys, testes and spleen. This damage probably contributed to the increase in AST, ALT and ALP activities and cholesterol and urea concentrations with decrease in total protein and albumin concentrations.
  A.M. Abdella , B.H. Elabed , A.O. Bakhiet , W.S.A. Gadir and S.E.I. Adam
  This study was designed to elucidate the mechanisms accounting for disruption of the normal spermatogenesis in the testis, exposed to various levels of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn). Forty two mature male Albino rats, were divided into six groups; group 1 treated with 100 mg Cd kg-1 diet, group 2 treated with 5 mg Pb kg-1 diet, group 3 with 50 mg Zn kg-1 diet, group 4 treated with mixture of 5 mg Pb +50 mg Cd kg-1 diet, group 5 treated with 50 mg Cd + 25 mg Zn kg-1 diet and group 6 treated with 5 mg Pb +25 mg Zn kg-1 diet for three month. Group 7 was kept as control. Significant increased (p<0.05), of both blood Cd and Pb with loss of both weight and hair associated with testicular enlargement in rats dosed with Cd and/or Pb in the diet. As a consequence these groups showed blockage of spermatogenesis at seminiferous tubules level, maturation arrest and proliferation of the sertoli cells. Where as the group treated with Zn, showed increased weight and increased number of germs cells and developing spermatide in the testicular level. The combined diet of Cd with Pb in one dose exacerbated the toxic action of these elements. While mixing of Zn with Cd and Pb reduced the toxicity of these elements and their effects on development of the germ cell and the proliferation of the sertoli cells.
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