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Articles by A.O. Abu
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.O. Abu
  O.K. Akintunde , A.I. Adeoti , V.O. Okoruwa , B.T. Omonona and A.O. Abu
  Poultry diseases remain one of the major threats to poultry production in Nigeria. The cost of disease treatment and control tends to increase production cost and hence reduced profit earned by poultry farmers. In the light of this, this study was designed to estimate the level of poultry disease management in southwestern Nigeria and examine its effect on profitability of egg production. Primary data was obtained with the aid of structured questionnaire from a cross section survey of 403 poultry farmers drawn through multi-stage sampling procedure. Descriptive statistics, Fuzzy logic model, Budgetary techniques and Stochastic Profit Frontier model were used to analyze the obtained data. Majority (81.4%) of the chicken egg farmers were males. Majority (85.6%) were married with an average household size of 5.4±1.7 members. The average age and mean years of experience were 45.5±9.1 and 10.0±5.05 years, respectively. Majority (68.0%) of the chicken egg farmers operated at low level of poultry disease management, 26.3% at moderate level while few (5.7%) was at high level. Gross return per Naira invested (1.06) for small scale farms; both medium and large farms (1.10). Quantity of feed (β = 0.8106), stock size (δ = 0.54) and poultry disease management index (δ = 0.2712) had strong positive effect on profit efficiency. This study recommends regular training of farmers by extension agents on modern methods of disease prevention and control. Government should formulate a policy of that will make livestock insurance more affordable by poultry farmers and encouragement of farmers on stock expansion.
  R. Olajide , A.O. Akinsoyinu , O.J. Babayemi , A.B. Omojola , A.O. Abu and K.D. Afolabi
  Effective utilization of wild cocoyam corm in livestock feed is limited by the presence of anti-nutrient components which requires some forms of processing. The effect of soaking, cooking and fermentation on proximate composition, caloric values and contents of Anti-Nutritional Factors (ANFs) of wild cocoyam [Colocasia esculenta (L.)] Schott corm were determined with the aim of investigating its suitability as a feed ingredient. Raw, Cooked, Soaked and Fermented Wild Cocoyam Corm (i.e. RWCC, CWCC, SWCC and FWCC respectively) were sun dried and their proximate composition, Gross Energy (GE), Metabolizable Energy (ME) and contents of ANFs were determined. Crude protein was significantly (p<0.05) highest in FWCC and significantly (p<0.05) lowest in CWCC. Crude fibre significantly (p<0.05) decreased by the processing methods with the highest values obtained in RWCC and SWCC. Ether extract of RWCC was significantly (p<0.05) higher than for the other processed Wild Cocoyam Corm (WCC). The highest Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE), GE, ME and ME as percentage of GE was obtained in RWCC, FWCC, FWCC and RWCC respectively. Contents of ANFs [tannins, phytate, oxalate, saponin and Hydrocyanide (HCN)] were significantly (p<0.05) reduced by processing methods with RWCC recording the highest value. Fermentation had the highest (p<0.05) percentage reductive values of 42.86, 69.23, 95.05, 73.58 and 57.91% in condensed tannins, hydrolysable tannins, phytate, oxalate and HCN respectively, while the highest (p<0.05) percentage reduction of 48.39% in saponin was obtained in CWCC. There were no activities detected for trypsin inhibitors in all the processed forms of WCC assayed. The results show that the processing techniques adopted significantly (p<0.05) enhanced the nutrients and caloric components and reduced the array of ANFs in RWCC, suggestive of its potential as a feed resource.
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