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Articles by A.N. Tijjani
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.N. Tijjani
  M.S. Auwal , K.A. Sanda , I.A. Mairiga , F.A. Lawan , A.A. Mutah , A.N. Tijjani , A. Shuaibu , A. Ibrahim , A.B. Njobdi and A.B. Thaluvwa
  The phytochemical, elemental and hematologic effect of the crude mesocarp extract of Hyphaene thebaica (doumpalm) in wistar albino rats to ascertain the claims by herbalists and traditionalists in the management of anemia was evaluated. The Phytochemistry revealed the presence of tannins, saponins, steroids, carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, terpenes and terpinoids in low and moderate concentrations. Alkaloids, phlobatannins and anthraquinones were absent. The elemental analysis of the extract revealed the presence of calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and sodium in moderate concentration when compared to WHO concentration in ppm. The amount of manganese, zinc and silicon is low, whereas the amount of nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, arsenic and lead is negligible. There is significant (p<0.05) increase in red blood and white blood cells production at 1-4 weeks of extract administration, while parked cell volume and hemoglobin concentration increased at the second and third week of oral administration of 400, 600 and 800 mg kg-1 for four weeks of the extract respectively. This research have therefore supported the folkloric claims by traditionalists and herbalists in application of the crude mesocarp extract of Hyphaene thebaica (doumpalm) in the management of anemia in Askira/Uba, Maiduguri and other Local Government areas in Borno State, Nigeria.
  M.A. Sadiq , J.A. Nwanta , E.C. Okolocha and A.N. Tijjani
  A case-control study on Newcastle Disease (ND) in avian species was conducted using ten year (from January 2000 to December 2009) clinic records of the avian Clinic of the ultramodern Veterinary Hospital Maiduguri. A total of four thousand six hundred and forty seven (4647) with mean of 38.40±4.391 (Mean±SE) cases of various diseases of avian species were presented to the ultramodern veterinary hospital Maiduguri within the ten year period. Out of these cases ND accounted for 2427 (52.23%), from which 811 (17.5%) were male while 1616 (34.7%) were female avian species. Local fowls (L/Fowls) accounted for 755 (46±9) of all the cases, of which 459 (60.8%) were ND cases. Out of 1293 (74±14) cases in layers 740 (57.2%) were ND while from 709 (27±5) cases recorded in broilers, ND accounted for 268 (37.8%). A total of the 186 (10±2) cases recorded in turkeys, 99 (53.2%) were ND. Out of the 26 (2±0) cases in peacocks, 10 (38.5%) were ND. A total of 76 (4±1) cases recorded in ducks, 19 (25.0%) were ND while out of 46 (3±1) cases in geese, ND accounted for 5 (10.9%) cases. From 753 (45±7) cases in cockerels, 447 (59.4%) were ND. From the total of 106 (6±1) cases recorded in ostriches, 61 (57.5%) were ND. Out of 7 (2±0) cases in African crowned cranes (Cranes), 3 (42.9%) were ND while from 91 (1±0) cases in pigeons, ND accounted for 7 (7.7%) cases. Out of 575 (31±6) cases of guinea fowl (G/Fowls), 306 (53.2%) were ND cases; out of 24 (2±0) cases in psittacines, 3 (12.5%) were ND cases. The distribution of ND among flock size of various avian species showed that flock size 1-50 had 623 (13.40) cases, 51-100 had 548 (11.79%); 101-150 had 595 (12.80%) while flock size 151 and above had 661(14.22%) cases. Newcastle disease among age groups of various avian species showed that birds within the age range of 0-9 weeks had 718 (15.45%), 10-19 weeks 958 (20.61%), 20 weeks and above 412 (8.86%) while 339 (7.29%) cases were birds of unknown age. In the year 2000, 144 (56.7) ND cases were recorded among various avian species, 99 (49.0%) 2001 while 95 (48.2%) in 2002. In the year 2003, 243 (56.2%) cases were ND, 271 (52.7%) in 2004, 265 (46.0%) in 2005, 470 (66.7%) in 2006, 355 (51.2%) in 2007, 242 (35.1%) and 243 (62.9%) in 2008 and 2009 were ND cases respectively. Seasonal peaks of ND cases were shown to occur in January, November and December while the trend for other months showed relative stability.
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