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Articles by A.M. Roslan
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.M. Roslan
  A.M. Roslan , M.A. Hassan , S. Abd-Aziz and P.L. Yee
  In this study, Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) was selected as supplement in rice straw fermentation to replace commercial inducer due to its high concentration of simple carbohydrate and nitrogenous compounds. The cellulase activity of the enzyme produced were then determined individually and combined (enzyme cocktail) to observe increment in cellulase activity. Individually, filter paperase (FPAse), carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) and β-glucosidase activities increase for all 3 fungi used except FPAse for Aspergillus sp. (NEW). Highest FPAse and CMCase activities increment observed was from Phanerochaete chrysosporium which were 72 and 236% increment, respectively, while highest β-glucosidase activity was from Aspergillus terreus (AT) which was 298% increment. Meanwhile in cocktail cellulase, synergistic effect was observed especially for FPAse activity whereby highest FPAse activity observed was by cocktail of all the three species of fungi which show 393% increment. Though CMCase increment was observed in this mode, it was not as high as FPAse where the highest CMCase activity observed was cocktail by the three fungal species which increased by 41%. However, in β-glucosidase activity, only cocktail of NEW and AT showed increment from their average activity which was by 6%. It seems that β-glucosidase activity plays major role in determining the total cellulase activity. In the nutshell, supplementation of POME can improve cellulase activity.
  A.M. Roslan , P.L. Yee , U.K.M. Shah , S.A. Aziz and M.A. Hassan
  Cellulase production in situ was considered as one of the alternatives to reduce bioethanol production cost. In this study, cellulase enzyme was produced from rice straw by locally isolated Aspergillus sp. in solid state fermentation. The crude cellulase was measured to have activity of 6.3 FPU g-1 rice straw. The rice straw was pretreated by few cycles of wet disc milling prior saccharified it using the crude cellulase produced. More than 90% glucose from total cellulose was released by the saccharification. The saccharified product was subjected to fermentation by yeast. The highest bioethanol yield produced from the fermentation was 0.102 g g-1 rice straw which is equivalent to 62.61% of theoretical bioethanol yield. It was concluded that the use of crude cellulase from rice straw onto rice straw can lead to a good yield of bioethanol, provided an effective pretreatment was used.
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