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Articles by A.M. Almujalli
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.M. Almujalli
  M.A. Soltan , A.M. Almujalli , M.A. Mandour and M. El-Shinway Abeer
  Twenty four fattening dairy calves were assigned to investigate the effect of dietary Chromium (Cr) supplementation (0 or 3 mg Cr/head/day from organic preparation) on the growth performance and rumen fermentation characteristics as well as on some blood serum parameters under heat stress (35-40°C). Chromium supplementation significantly (p<0.05) increased total feed intake across the whole experimental period by about 10% when compared with the control. Moreover chromium supplementation improve body weight at the end of the experiment, weight gain and feed conversion ratio across the whole experiment by about 7.5%, 13% and 2.7% respectively when compared with the control. Serum insulin concentration increased whereas cortisol concentration decreased, when compared with the control group. Also Cr supplementation showed a trend towards improving rumen fermentation characteristics. It could be concluded that dietary Cr supplementation at level of 6 mg/head/day may offer a potential protective management practice to lessen the effect of heat stress in fattening dairy calves.
  A.M. Almujalli and G.M. Al Ghamdi
  Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis causes paratuberculosis a chronic debilitating granulomatous enteritis of camels as well as domestic and wild ruminants. The clinical manifestation of the disease in camel is not well characterized, therefore this study was aimed to investigate the clinical and pathological pictures of camel that are suffering from partuberculosis. A total of 12 young camels that were presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, King Faisal University were investigated. Clinical and pathologic examination were performed. The results revealed highly significant increase in creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, magnesium, AST and ALT in diseased camels. While glucose total protein and albumin were highly significantly decreased in diseased camels when compared to healthy ones. Post-mortem testing indicated thickening corrugation of the intestinal wall folded mucosa enlarged and oedemated ileocaecal and mesenteric lymph nodes. The microscopic findings detected short blunt and distorted intestinal villi with hyperactive goblets cells of the villi and the crypts of lieberkuhn contained mucin droplets. The lamina propria was heavily infiltrated with mononuclear cells mostly macrophages. This clinical picture of paratuberculosis may be used to initiate control strategy to limit the spread of the disease in camel herds.
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