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Articles by A.M. Salama
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.M. Salama
  A.E. Sharief , S.A.EL-Moursy , A.M. Salama , M.I. EL-Emery and F.E. Youssef
  Two field experiments were carried out in Tag AL-Ezz, Agricultural Research Station Farm, ARC, Dakahlia Governorate during 2003 and 2004 seasons. The main objectives of this investigation were to study the genetic purity for four rice varieties through their seed classes and study the morphological characters of the studied cultivars at different growth stages. The main results could be summarized as follows: Giza 177 cultivar was identified by low flag leaf area, narrow angle of the flag leaf, pale straw grain colour and partly awned. Giza 178 cultivar was characterized with thin seed width, high flag leaf area narrow angle of the flag leaf, high number of tillers/hill and gold grain colour. Sakha 101 cultivar was identified by short plant height, late time of heading, large angle of the flag leaf, straw grain colour, absent awing and strong lemma and palea pubescence. Sakha 102 cultivar was identified by tall plant height, thin culm diameter, straw grain colour and partly awned. The analysis of SDS-PAGE had significant effect of studied cultivars at different classes. Planting with basic seed produced highest number of secondary branches/panicle, number of grains/panicle, panicle density, panicle weight, 1000 grain weight and grain yield (ton/fed). Planting using basic seed of Sakha 102 and Giza 178 cultivars produced tallest plants, harvest 1000 grain weight and grain yield/fed, respectively. It could be recommended that seed has been produced under a seed certification program are the best for high grain yield due their high vigor, viability and genetic purity.
  A.A. Kandil , A.M. Salama , S.A. El-Moursy and W.A. Abido
  Two field experiments were conducted at the Experimental Station, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University during the two successive seasons of 2000/2001 and 2001/2002. A split-plot design in four replications was used. This investigation aimed to study the effect of seeding rates and cutting schedules parameters on chemical dry matter analysis of Egyptian clover variety Miskawi Giza 6. Crude protein and fiber, ash content, ether extract and nitrogen free-extract percentages in blades and stems and its yields/fed were significantly affected due to cuttings. Highest percentages of CP and ash in blades and stems were produced from the second cut. While highest percentages of CF and EE in blades and stems were produced from the third cut. The fifth cut achieved the highest percentages of NFE in both blades and stems. Moreover, highest crude protein and ash yields per feddan were produced at the second cut. The third cut produced highest averages of CF, EE and NFE yields per feddan. Seeding rates caused significant differences on Crude protein (CP), Crude fiber (CF), ash content, EE and NFE percentages in blades and stems and its yields/fed were significantly affected due to seeding rates. Highest percentages of CP and EE in stems were resulted from sown with 30 kg seed/fed. While, using 45 kg seed/fed was accompanied with the highest percentages of CF and ash content in both blades and stems as well as NFE % in blades only. Moreover, the highest yields of CP, CF, ash, EE and NFE yields per feddan were produced from the medium seeding rate of 30 kg seed/fed. Percentages of CP, CF, ash content, EE and NFE in blades and stems as well as CP, CF, ash content, EE and NFE yields/fed significantly responded as a result of cutting schedules under study. Highest CP % produced from cutting plants at 30 cm height and after 25 days intervals in both blades and stems, respectively. While, highest percentages of CF, ash content and EE in both blades and stems were produced from cutting at 50 cm height. Cutting Egyptian clover plants at 55 days intervals produced highest NFE %. Moreover, highest of CP, CF, ash content, EE and NFE yields/fed were produced from cutting at 30 cm height. There was non significant interactions between seeding rates and cutting schedules treatments on chemical dry matter analysis, this mean that each factor acted separately. It could be summarized that for maximizing forage quality of Egyptian clover Giza 6 cultivar with sowing at seeding rate of 30 kg seed/fed and cutting plants at 30 cm height under the environmental conditions of Dakahlia Governorate.
 
 
 
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