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Articles by A.F. Soleimani
Total Records ( 4 ) for A.F. Soleimani
  A.F. Soleimani and I. Zulkifli
  Two experiments were conducted to compare heat tolerance of Red Jungle Fowl (RJF), Village Fowl (VF) and Commercial Broilers (CB) at a common age and a common body weight. In exp. 1, RJF, VF and CB of a common age (30 days old) were exposed to 36±1°C for 3 h. Creatine kinase activity was significantly higher in CB than those of RJF and VF. Both RJF and VF had significantly lower serum K and Na concentration than their CB counterparts. In exp. 2, RJF, VF and CB of common body weight (930±30 g) were subjected to similar procedures as in exp. 1. Neither genotype nor stage of heat treatment had significant effect on serum levels of cholesterol, Cl, CK and LDH. The CB was significantly more hyperglycemic than RJF following heat treatment. In both experiments, irrespective of stage of heat treatment RJF had lower heterophil/lymphocyte ratio than VF and CB. It can be concluded that intense selection for rapid growth in CB has resulted in tremendous alterations in their ability to withstand high ambient temperature as compared to the RJF and VF. It is also apparent that genetic differences in body size per sec may not determine breed or strain variations in response to heat stress.
  I. Zulkifli1 , O. Azalea Hani , A.F. Soleimani and S.A. Babjee
  Red Jungle Fowl (RJF) (120 days old; mean body weight 614 g) and Commercial Broiler chickens (CB) (35 days old; mean body weight 1800 g) were used to study the effects of road transportation and translocation on leucocytic and behavioural reactions. The birds were raised in floor pens at a farm in Jenderam Hilir, Selangor. The birds were translocated by road transportation for 60 min to the Poultry Research Unit, University Putra Malaysia and assigned in battery cages with wire floors. Immediately following transportation, the heterophil to lymphocyte ratios in RJF and CB were elevated. The ratios returned to basal level two days following translocation. Translocation to battery cages resulted in higher frequency of standing, pacing and pecking at non-nutritive materials in RJF compared to their CB counterparts. It was concluded that physiologically both RJF and CB were equally stressed following transportation and translocation. However, as measured by stereotypic pacing, RJF were more frustrated than their CB counterparts.
  M. Ebrahimi , M.A. Rajion , Y.M. Goh , A.Q. Sazili , A.F. Soleimani and J.T. Schonewille
  Twenty four goats were allocated to three groups (n = 8) and fed either a control diet Without Oil Palm Fronds (CON), a diet incorporated with 25% Oil Palm Fronds (OPFM) or 50% Oil Palm Fronds (OPFH) for 100 days to evaluate their growth rates, carcass characteristics and subcutaneous fatty acid profiles. Animals in all three groups exhibited similar final body weights (p>0.05). The OPFH group showed a significant linear reduction (p<0.05) in dressing percentage, warm carcass weight and back fat thickness and total muscle when compared to the CON group. The total n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) concentrations in the subcutaneous fat of the OPFH animals were significantly higher (linear, p<0.05) than the CON group. The diet containing 25% of oil palm fronds did not produce any adverse effects on the growth performance and carcass characteristics. This demonstrates an environmental-friendly way of utilizing agricultural waste by products for the small ruminant industry in tropical countries growing oil palm tree.
  A.F. Soleimani , A. Kasim , A.R. Alimon and I. Zulkifli
  A trial was conducted to determine the influence of short term exposure to high ambient temperature at 28 and 35 days of age on deep body temperatures (Tb) and subsequent growth of birds until 42 days of age. A total of 90 day old chicks were reared in stainless steel battery cages and were assigned at random into 18 pens of 5 birds each, with 9 pens containing males and another 9 pens containing females. Three treatment groups, each represented by 3 male and 3 female pens, were represented by T1 without any heat exposure, T2 with heat exposure starting at day 28 and T3 with heat exposure starting at day 35. Heat stress was defined as 180 min exposure to 35±1°C. Tb and body weights were measured at 35, 37 and 39 days of age immediately following heat exposure. Heat stress resulted in higher Tb and Onset of heat stress at 28 days resulted in significantly lower Tb than onset of heat stress at 35 days. Lower Tb in T2 than T3 permitted recovery in body weight at 42 days. Sexes responded similarly to heat stress.
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